The umbilical cord is the union between the fetus and the placenta, between the mother and the child. When the baby is born it is cut off, but… ..What is its true function?

What’s the use of the umbilical cord?

The umbilical cord is used for the baby to be nourished while it is in the mother’s womb. This cord, which connects the fetus to the placenta, contains three blood vessels, a vein, and two arteries. The vein carries oxygenated and nutrient-rich blood from the placenta to the fetus, while the arteries carry non-oxygenated blood from the fetus to the placenta.

Therefore, the function of the umbilical cord is the exchange of oxygen, carbon dioxide and nutrients between mother and child.

How is the umbilical cord made?

It is a gelatinous, whitish cordom of about 50 to 60 centimeters and a diameter of 2 cm.

Although it is resistant, it can be compressed. It has a twisted appearance and is due to the fact that the two arteries are twisted around the vein. It goes from the mother’s placenta to the baby’s navel.

When is the umbilical cord cut?

The umbilical cord is cut shortly after birth to about 8 to 10 cm and closed with a plastic pin or elastic. It is wrapped in sterile gauze.

Normally, what remains of the umbilical cord dries up and finally falls dry between the 5th and 10th day.

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What happens when the umbilical cord is cut?

At that moment the double circulation that is necessary for this earthly life begins. This way, the baby can breathe normally.

Samantha Robson
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Dr. Samantha Robson ( CRN: 0510146-5) is a nutritionist and website content reviewer related to her area of ​​expertise. With a postgraduate degree in Nutrition from The University of Arizona, she is a specialist in Sports Nutrition from Oxford University and is also a member of the International Society of Sports Nutrition.

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