The vinegar is a transparent liquid sour taste which is main component the acetic acid . Its creation process starts from the fermentation of sugars in fruits such as grapes, apples, sugar cane and pineapple, for example. Ethyl alcohol molecules are obtained from fermentation and, after a bacterial oxidation process, acetic acid is obtained.Vinegar is a substance that can be made in the traditional way by letting the peels or remains of the fruits ferment in water , as this has been done for millennia. On the other hand, it can be produced industrially with chemical reagents and yeasts, to promote a good fermentation and later it is purified to give it a better quality.Vinegar is useful in gastronomy, for the preparation of foods such as salad dressings. In addition, it is applied in the cleaning of objects or surfaces that present dirt or contamination, in cosmetics and in nutrition, to achieve a healthy appearance of the body.

What is vinegar for?

Vinegar has multiple uses in the traditional medicine of cultures such as Greek and Roman. They prepared a medicinal drink by mixing vinegar, water, and various herbs . The name of this was posca , and it was used by the soldiers as an isotonic drink , since vinegar, salt and other ingredients helped balance electrolytes.

At the same time, the vinegar helped the water “not rot” as quickly during their travels, as did plain water. It is believed that the last drink of Christ at the crucifixion, given by a Roman soldier, may have been posca with myrrh, and not just vinegar with gall, as mentioned in the Bible. It was common for soldiers to carry this drink among their supplies.

Vinegar is used to:

  • Fulfill duties in the kitchen
  • Make food
  • Disinfectant effects
  • Eliminate bad odors
  • Clean surfaces and cracks
  • Regulate blood glucose
  • Fungus removal

Types of vinegar

There are several types of vinegar; These can be classified according to the origin or the fruit from which it starts for the fermentation of sugars. Among them are:

  • Grape or wine vinegar
  • Apple vinager
  • Pineapple vinegar
  • White vinegar
  • Balsamic vinegar
  • Sherry vinager
  • Port vinegar
  • Plum vinegar
  • Raspberry vinegar
  • Among others…

One of the most popular vinegars is apple vinegar.

Fulfill duties in the kitchen

Vinegar has very useful applications in the kitchen, both in terms of cleaning and gastronomy. Among the functions it fulfills are:

  • Seasoning for food
  • Natural preservative for food
  • Rust remover
  • Bad odor remover
  • Solvent
  • Surface cleaner
  • Surface polish
  • Disinfectant
  • Antiseptic
  • Stain remover
  • Tart Remover

Make food

Vinegar is not only added to salad dressings, but it is also added in the preparation of a variety of stews and dishes , giving them a special acid character and enhancing the flavors of spices. In addition, it participates in the coloring of desserts such as the red velvet cake.

Disinfectant effects

Vinegar, due to its acetic acid content, can be used to kill various types of bacteria in food. This purpose can be achieved by soaking vegetables and fruits in vinegar water and letting them sit in a container for a moment long enough for the acid to attack the microorganisms present.

In ancient times, vinegar was used to prevent water from becoming contaminated with pathogens . Drinks such as Roman posca and Greek ozos were prepared , which consisted of water with vinegar, salt and sometimes herbs or myrrh. Thanks to the consumption of these drinks, the soldiers in the field did not get sick from ingesting contaminated water.

Eliminate bad odors

To eliminate the bad odors that usually appear in the kitchen after preparing certain foods, just boil a little water with vinegar , so that the steam particles in this mixture trap and cancel out undesirable aromas.

Vinegar also removes bad odors and helps unclog drains in the kitchen sink, for example. For this purpose, baking soda is combined with a cup of vinegar for 15 or 20 minutes to uncover the tube and allow cleaning at the same time.

Vinegar is also used to deodorize clothes and utensils that have bad odors, as in addition to having a bactericidal effect, it helps to clarify stained areas and dissolve fats. It is ideal for clearing the refrigerator of unpleasant stinks, and the same for microwave ovens. The way to use it is by diluting the vinegar in water.

Clean surfaces and cracks

Vinegar has been used as a multipurpose cleaner, as it disinfects without the need to use other more dangerous chemicals. Some naturists and vegans use vinegar instead of commercial cleaners , to avoid generating waste such as plastic containers and to prevent disturbance of soils and plants with the water used.

Vinegar is often used to clean various objects and surfaces, thanks to its ability to remove dirt and contamination from substances such as rust. The way to do this is to soak metal objects or utensils in vinegar for a few hours.

This liquid is capable of removing the scale that forms in metal pots and coffee makers due to the constant evaporation of water with salts such as calcium carbonate (CaCO 3 ), also called “hardness”. The most popular method of accomplishing this task is to pour a warm vinegar-water mixture over the scale. In this way it will dissolve and creep with the liquid.

With vinegar it is possible to polish and polish surfaces , such as silverware, tiles, ceramics, glass, mirrors and other various materials.

Regulate blood glucose

According to scientific studies, acetic acid acts as a blocker of the absorption of some carbohydrates. It is mentioned that the consumption of apple cider vinegar does not replace the application of insulin, but that it is a beneficial substance that allows to lower glucose levels a little . However, you have to be careful, as its excessive intake causes gastritis and diarrhea.

Fungus removal

Vinegar has antiseptic and fungicidal properties that have been used since ancient medicine. For this reason, a wide variety of products include it as an ingredient, having acetic acid as a disinfectant and fungus eliminator agent.

In a diluted preparation, vinegar is used to cleanse the vagina during gynecological examinations. In the same way, it is often used to treat wounds such as cuts and scrapes, to eliminate bacteria that can infect them.Vinegar is used for antiseptic and fungicidal purposes.

Contraindications of vinegar

Vinegar, due to its acetic acid content, can be a dangerous substance if consumed in excess. It should be ingested under medical supervision or completely avoided by people such as:

  • Pregnant women
  • Little girls and boys
  • Elderly patients
  • Patients with gastrointestinal conditions

Vinegar side effects

Vinegar can present adverse effects in its excessive consumption, due to its chemical composition. Acetic acid can irritate the intestinal mucosa.

Some of these effects are:

  • Heartburn
  • Stomach ache
  • Diarrhea
  • Discomfort
  • Headache
  • Sickness
  • Burning of the skin, when used topically

This article is informational in nature and is not a substitute for professional medical opinion. Consult a doctor.

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Dr. Samantha Robson ( CRN: 0510146-5) is a nutritionist and website content reviewer related to her area of ​​expertise. With a postgraduate degree in Nutrition from The University of Arizona, she is a specialist in Sports Nutrition from Oxford University and is also a member of the International Society of Sports Nutrition.

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