The UN (acronym for United Nations Organization) is the largest international organization, which seeks to maintain peace and security on the planet , promote friendship between nations, improve the quality of life of the inhabitants of the countries and defend the human rights . Another way to express the name is (UN), which indicates the plural United Nations.This organization was founded on October 24, 1945 in San Francisco, California, United States, integrating with 51 countries through the United Nations Charter. Its main headquarters are in New York , and its secondary headquarters are located in Geneva, Switzerland . It currently has 193 members, which are all internationally recognized sovereign states.

Index

What is the UN for?

The United Nations Organization has many goals related to well-being and agreement between nations. It serves to:

  • Regulate international relations and keep the peace
  • Promote friendship between nations
  • Help improve the lives of the poor
  • Radically reduce hunger
  • Fight diseases and epidemics
  • Act against illiteracy
  • Promote respect for human rights
  • Protect the freedoms of the inhabitants of the countries
  • Function as a center to harmonize the efforts of nations

Components of the UN

The United Nations Organization operates with a series of organs that fulfill specific tasks:

  • General Assembly
  • Security Council
  • Economic and social Council
  • Trusteeship Council
  • International Court of Justice
  • General Secretary

The General Assembly is the main body of the UN. It is made up of all 193 member countries, each of which has one vote. The most relevant matters, such as those having to do with peace, security or the incorporation of new members, are decided by a majority of votes, at the rate of two thirds. All others are determined by conventional majority.

The Security Council is responsible for maintaining international security and peace. It has fifteen members, of which five are permanent with veto power, which are the United States, France, the United Kingdom, Russia and China, and ten transitory members, elected by the General Assembly.

The Economic and Social Council is made up of 54 members of the UN and its task is the economic, social and environmental problems of the planet. Its main session of this Council is the entire month of July.

The Trusteeship Council was created to supervise the administration of the trust territories, placed under the trusteeship regime, to promote the advancement of the inhabitants and the development towards self-government or the independence of these territories.

The International Court of Justice is based in The Hague; It is the only body that is not based in New York, and was established to resolve legal disputes between countries. It has fifteen magistrates elected by the General Assembly and the Security Council.

The General Secretariat of the United Nations is an administrative body with 41,000 staff and provides services to the other bodies to solve all kinds of problems that are dealt with in the UN. The general secretary , who heads it, is appointed by the General Assembly. The current UN Secretary General is Ban Ki-moon .

UN specialized agencies

The specialized agencies of the UN are work teams destined to study, attend and solve problems of a specific nature. Their tasks are well defined and they have different locations. These specialized agencies are:

      • World Meteorological Organization (WMO), based in Geneva
      • Universal Postal Union (UPU), based in Bern
      • International Labor Organization (ILO), based in Geneva
      • International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD), based in Rome
      • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), based in Rome
      • World Health Organization (WHO), based in Geneva
      • International Maritime Organization (IMO), based in London
      • International Monetary Fund (IMF), based in Washington
      • United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), based in Paris
      • World Bank Group (WBG), based in Washington
      • World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO), based in Geneva
      • International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO), based in Montreal
      • International Telecommunication Union (ITU), based in Geneva
      • United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO), based in Vienna
      • World Tourism Organization (UNWTO), based in Madrid
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Dr. Samantha Robson ( CRN: 0510146-5) is a nutritionist and website content reviewer related to her area of ​​expertise. With a postgraduate degree in Nutrition from The University of Arizona, she is a specialist in Sports Nutrition from Oxford University and is also a member of the International Society of Sports Nutrition.