The United Nations Organization, known by its acronym UN, is a multilateral forum where problems of international relations of the countries that make up this organization are resolved. Here are topics of interest that positively or negatively affect the integral development of their territories that will depend on the interaction between them.
From this instance, decisions are made by applying consensus and negotiation methods to agree on the instrumentalization of comprehensive policies. These are applied in the territories of the countries included in the UN, based on the principles that govern relations between nations.
Issues such as culture, trade, peace, the economy, climate change and security are scheduled by this organization to direct joint actions in favor of their harmonious development.
The importance that this type of organization has acquired, based on multilateralism, lies in the tools they develop to reach plurinational cooperation agreements. Which are developed through dialogue, respect for national sovereignty and the encounter between common interests, respecting the views and political positions that each of its members manifest.
Below we show you more information about this organization, its objectives, history and conformation:
What is the UN for?
The United Nations (UN) is a multi-governmental group that allows political debate among the countries that make it up, in the search for their harmonious, respectful, peaceful and supportive coexistence. As a multi-governmental forum, it seeks the development of ideas, opinions and visions regarding the topics of interest presented by the different countries, to establish convictions that make the comprehensive development of their territories feasible.
Based on the principles and precepts of international law, through this organization plurinational cooperation frameworks are established, the main foundation of which is centered on respect for national sovereignty and human rights.
The headquarters of this organization is in New York and it is currently made up of 193 member states. The treaty with which this organization is founded is called the Charter of the United Nations, which sets out its constitutive bases. This document was signed by 50 founding countries, on June 26, 1945, after a long debate around issues such as international law, border relations, respect for human rights and war, and maritime borders.
What are the objectives of the UN?
The objectives of the United Nations are based on the following topics:
- Peace and international security: its purpose is the peaceful and safe coexistence of nationals in their territories and the prevention of conflicts. Taking into account both the borders of neighboring countries, as well as the areas that are not adjacent. It is carried out in accordance with international law, mediating in those situations that could break concord, friendship and brotherhood between nations.
- Establish plurinational cooperation agreements that positively affect the common welfare of fellow citizens in each of their territories, promoting the optimization of their quality of life.
- Eradicate hunger, diseases and illiteracy, promoting multinational policies that collaborate in raising awareness and installing infrastructure that makes their suppression feasible.
- Protect respect for the sovereignty of the member countries, establishing mechanisms for dialogue and coexistence that facilitate relations and cooperativism among its member countries.
What was the UN created for?
The guiding objective principle on which the UN is founded was and continues to be to maintain world peace.
Since this organization was born in the middle of a period of global warlike confrontation, its reason for being is adjusted to mediation, negotiation and peaceful dialogue to find the points of agreement between the member countries and thus develop a framework of coexistence marked by friendship and brotherhood. among the peoples.
How is the UN organized?
The UN is made up of 5 bodies:
- General Assembly: the member countries of this organization deliberate through this instance, which functions as a commonwealth where the representatives of each nation participate. After previously complying with the cancellation of the contribution of a specific quota, decisions are made by simple majority.
- Security Council: it is made up of 5 member states, debating and deciding on issues of preservation of peace. It is made up of the United States, Russia, China, the United Kingdom and France, which are permanent members with the right to veto.
- Economic and Social Council: it functions as a central forum on economic and social issues, establishing recommendations of a nature that are voluntarily complied with. It is made up of 36 member states, its presidency being exercised by Zimbabwe, and the vice-presidencies by Chile and the Czech Republic.
- International Court of Justice: it is the body of this organization that is in charge of deliberating on matters of judicial order, regarding international rights, to mediate disputes between its member countries. Its activation only occurs when it is voluntarily requested by the member countries, but its decisions are mandatory. It is made up of 15 magistrates, who are assigned by the General Assembly and the Security Council, by an absolute majority of both instances.
- General Secretary: Represented by a Secretary or General Secretary, is the instance that administers this organism, giving administrative orientations of the member countries.
What countries make up the UN?
The UN is made up of 193 countries of the world, of which 42 are from America and the Caribbean; 56 from Africa; 28 from Europe; 48 from Asia; 17 from Oceania.
The procedure for a country to belong to this organization considers that an application must be submitted to its Secretary General, accepting the obligations that appear in the Founding Charter. Then, the Security Council must issue its approval by means of a recommendation that it raises to the General Assembly, and from this instance its admission is decided by a two-thirds majority of its members.
However, if the Security Council does not recommend its entry, the General Assembly has the power to initiate the debate to deliberate on the request for incorporation, and if it is accepted, it is sent back to the Security Council to reformulate its resolution. and between the country to be a member of the organization.
The UN was born in 1945 as an initiative of 51 nations of the world, to establish guidelines for coexistence that would allow peace to be achieved between the countries that at that time were in a conventional warlike conflict.
It is considered that the Treaty of Versailles, signed by more than 50 countries on June 28, 1919, after 6 months of negotiation the so-called Paris Peace Conference, this treaty being considered as the founding stone of this multilateral organization, as It was sought through dialogue, to put an end to the hostilities caused by the First World War.
Thus, on June 26, 1945, after the deliberations held by 50 countries led by China, the Soviet Union, the United Kingdom and the United States, countries proposing the precepts and principles that would govern this organization, the Founding Charter was signed, without the presence of Poland.
Then, on October 24, 1945, its content was ratified by most of the member countries, becoming operational, declaring this date as United Nations Day.
Franklin Roosevelt is credited with granting the name of this organization, as he is described as the first to use the term ‘united nations’ in 1942.