The Senate is an institution whose origins date back to ancient Rome. The word “senate” is derived from the Latin “senectus”, which means “senects”, or “elders”, and is assigned both to the group of people who make it up and to the area in which their activities were carried out.At first, the Senate was a council made up of elders. They served as an advisory body for the kings, or as a group of illustrious people who made decisions for the good of their people.

How does it work?

When the monarchy disappeared and the republic was established as a form of government, the senate took on a hierarchy in which it has legislative and judicial functions , as well as a strong influence on the executive power. These powers change depending on the country and the makeup that has been assigned to the Senate regionally.

Currently, the word “senate” identifies both the official who participates in it and the building in which the activities are carried out, and the result of their work and decisions is dictated.

Of course, there are differences between the powers of the Roman Senate and those of the current Senate, since ancient peoples had different needs than today’s society.

In the United Kingdom, the Senate was structured , dividing the House of Lords between the lower house and the upper house, in order for one chamber to oppose the proposals of the other chamber, and thus make better decisions.

What is the Senate for?

The current Senate has different functions , among which are:

  • The formulation of laws, codes and regulations
  • The correction of laws, codes and regulations
  • Budget approval
  • Election of internal ministers
  • Election of Ministers of the Supreme Court of Justice
  • Imposition and transfer of power to the president of the republic
  • Withdraw the jurisdiction and his position from the president of the republic
  • Withdraw the jurisdiction of the ministers of the Supreme Court of Justice
  • Withdraw the jurisdiction of the governors
  • Grant or deny the departure of the country to the president of the republic
  • Grant or deny the departure of the country to the ministers of the Supreme Court of Justice
  • Receive and respond to the report of the presidential government

Although the functions are more extensive and varied, the function of the Senate is, in a concrete way, to rectify the functions of the other two powers , the executive and the judicial, and to rectify the modifications of the constitution of their respective country.

Another unique function of the senate in a republic is to grant or deny a declaration of war.

Depending on the country, its circumstances, and whether it is a constitutional monarchy or a democratic republic, the functions of the Senate will have adapted variants.


Samantha Robson
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Dr. Samantha Robson ( CRN: 0510146-5) is a nutritionist and website content reviewer related to her area of ​​expertise. With a postgraduate degree in Nutrition from The University of Arizona, she is a specialist in Sports Nutrition from Oxford University and is also a member of the International Society of Sports Nutrition.

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