The microscope is used to:
The word “microscope” comes from the Greek terms ” micron ” which means “small” and ” skopein ” which means “to observe, to look”. Therefore, it is used to observe bodies and small objects .
It is used in countless fields that involve the study of organisms that measure less than 1 millimeter in length. Among the areas in which it is applied are:
The microscope can be used in the chemical industry to examine the composition of a mineral sample. You can see the crystalline structures of the salts that are there.
It can be used in milk factories to take samples after the pasteurization process, and observe the quality of this process.
With the microscope, the progress of the development of plant cells can be observed, in a sample taken from a leaf.
In this area, the growth of a colony of bacteria can be monitored, and its population estimated after a period of time.
The microscope is an indispensable tool in the development and manufacture of medicines. With this device, the biochemical action of the drug under test can be observed to combat infection by microorganisms.
In the same way, vaccines have been developed, studying their interaction with a blood sample, loaded with lymphocytes.
Microscopes are used during the manufacture of microcomponents , such as the processors in today’s computers.
Over time, variants of the microscope have emerged, which are the result of technological implementations to improve observation down to nanometric levels.
The electron microscopes , for example, different function as they do optical microscopes. They work by reflecting electrons , which bounce back and form a magnified image of what is observed. Well managed, these manage to increase the image up to a thousand times.
Among these variants are:
- Compound microscope
- Optical microscope
- Steering or stereo microscope
- Digital microscope
- Fluorescent microscope
- Electronic microscope
- Computerized microscope