The sodium has a key role in respect to the cell metabolism, helps the volume and also the osmolarity is maintained, has an important role for nerve impulses generated in muscle contractions, also it helps balance the acid.
It is absorbed through the small intestine, and through this medium it is taken to the kidneys, then it infiltrates and then returns to the blood to adjust the levels that are recommended. The amount of sodium absorbed is proportional to what is consumed, and 90% of sodium loss occurs through urine, and the rest through sweat and feces.

Sodium provides a large number of functions in our body. Accompanied with potassium, a large number of functions can be done in our body, these are the most important:

  • Better regulation of fluid balance can be obtained.
  • It helps the digestion process to be carried out in the correct way, the pressure exerted by two liquids or gases that can usually spread and mix through the permeable membrane is maintained.
  • By acting from inside cells, it becomes involved in all nerve impulses and their conduction.
  • It contributes a little extra energy to our body.

When sodium is lacking in the body, some disorders can be caused, such as:

  • It can become impossible to digest carbohydrates.
  • Some neuralgia may occur.
  • There are alterations in the nerve impulses that our nervous system sends.
  • Dizziness
  • Hypotension problem.
  • Cellular incommunication
  • Lack of body energy.
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Dr. Samantha Robson ( CRN: 0510146-5) is a nutritionist and website content reviewer related to her area of ​​expertise. With a postgraduate degree in Nutrition from The University of Arizona, she is a specialist in Sports Nutrition from Oxford University and is also a member of the International Society of Sports Nutrition.

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