The physical education is a pedagogical discipline that, by performing physical exercises and sports, as students helps us boost our physical, emotional and social development. It is a tool that is included in educational programs so that we understand, through team sports, companionship as a necessary phenomenon for life.The purpose of physical education is the formation of integral women and men , addressing both the physical plane or the body, as well as the intellectual, for their own benefit and that of others. It is based on the development of physical skills such as mobility, elasticity, agility, strength and motor skills.Physical education also encourages the consolidation of skills such as perseverance, dedication, perseverance, self-discipline and values ​​such as companionship, solidarity and “fair play”, among others, so that we can use them in interaction with our social, school and work environment.

What is physical education for?

The teaching of physical education is a fundamental part of educational programs in various countries, given its capital importance, especially in the first years of young people’s lives, when psychomotor development is being managed.

Physical education serves to:

  • Benefit body and mental development
  • Help motor coordination
  • Increase flexibility
  • Stimulate child growth
  • Avoid being overweight
  • Strengthen bones
  • Strengthen muscles
  • Improve self-esteem
  • Acquire self-discipline

Benefit body and mental development

The effects that are achieved with the implementation of physical education cover the physical and mental aspects. Among them are:

In the physical aspect:

  • Avoid decalcification of bones, strengthening them
  • Help strengthen the muscles
  • Stimulate growth
  • Avoid cardiovascular discomfort
  • Avoid gaining weight and accumulating fat
  • Improve balance
  • Improve flexibility
  • Improve posture
  • Improve organ function
  • Make better use of the body’s resources, such as fat, glucose and oxygen
  • The metabolism is accelerated, so it is possible to have more energy during the day

In the mental aspect:

  • Improve self esteem
  • Improve motor coordination
  • Learn to accept and overcome defeats
  • Avoid depression, due to the generation of endorphins in physical exertion.
  • Develop empathy and teamwork
  • Avoid leisure and problems related to loitering
  • Improve interpersonal relationships
  • Develop leadership skills

Help motor coordination

Physical education serves to boost physical and mental development.

Physical education, if taught to children in early childhood, in preschool age, allows better and faster motor development , allowing them to perform agile and successful movements during games and sports practices, which improve their ability to function, as well as balance and the construction of sequences of movements.

Increase flexibility

Through the exercises and efforts that are made when practicing physical activities, the ability of the muscles to stretch and contract is improved , returning to their original states without being affected.

Among the exercises that can be performed to improve flexibility are warm-ups, stretching and sports such as athletics, jumping, gymnastics, among others.

Stimulate child growth

The physical efforts that are carried out in physical education practices, such as jumping jacks, and stretching during play, stimulate the growth process of the muscular and skeletal systems.

Avoid being overweight

If physical education is practiced from an early age, the accumulation of fat in the body can be avoided. This is due to the fact that physical effort requires an extra amount of energy , and this is taken from the sugar reserves in the blood and from the fat under the body’s tissues.

Thus, it will be possible to avoid problems associated with being overweight, such as:

  • Reduced body mobility
  • Low self-esteem in children and youth
  • Chances of suffering from diabetes

Strengthen bones

Physical education serves to develop motor skills.

The exercise that is carried out under programming in physical education is beneficial for our organism, since it improves the capacity of growth and enrichment of the bones . The absorption of calcium in the bone system is favored, and this is strengthened more if it is practiced from childhood and youth.

Strengthen muscles

Through the execution of movements and exercises in sports, infants, in addition to improving their motor coordination, will increase strength and consistency in the muscular work of the whole body. The exercises make the muscles, tendons and ligaments acquire better conditions.

Improve self esteem

To improve self-esteem it is convenient to practice sports, maintain a healthy body with exercise and develop group sports activities. This is evident, for example, when school sports practice is rewarded , which gives the student an improved self-perception, having overcome a challenge or reached a goal.

These measures taken in the academic environment are a positive factor that gives students a sense of belonging and acceptance . This satisfaction is coupled with the effect of endorphins, chemicals that improve mood after intense physical exertion.

Acquire self-discipline

One of the characteristics that distinguish people who have taken physical education, especially from an early age, is self-discipline , which is the quality that allows them to be effective, constant and persevering in all their objectives, to reach the goals that they are proposed in daily life.

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