What is physical education for?
The teaching of physical education is a fundamental part of educational programs in various countries, given its capital importance, especially in the first years of young people’s lives, when psychomotor development is being managed.
Physical education serves to:
- Benefit body and mental development
- Help motor coordination
- Increase flexibility
- Stimulate child growth
- Avoid being overweight
- Strengthen bones
- Strengthen muscles
- Improve self-esteem
- Acquire self-discipline
Benefit body and mental development
The effects that are achieved with the implementation of physical education cover the physical and mental aspects. Among them are:
In the physical aspect:
- Avoid decalcification of bones, strengthening them
- Help strengthen the muscles
- Stimulate growth
- Avoid cardiovascular discomfort
- Avoid gaining weight and accumulating fat
- Improve balance
- Improve flexibility
- Improve posture
- Improve organ function
- Make better use of the body’s resources, such as fat, glucose and oxygen
- The metabolism is accelerated, so it is possible to have more energy during the day
In the mental aspect:
- Improve self esteem
- Improve motor coordination
- Learn to accept and overcome defeats
- Avoid depression, due to the generation of endorphins in physical exertion.
- Develop empathy and teamwork
- Avoid leisure and problems related to loitering
- Improve interpersonal relationships
- Develop leadership skills
Help motor coordination
Physical education, if taught to children in early childhood, in preschool age, allows better and faster motor development , allowing them to perform agile and successful movements during games and sports practices, which improve their ability to function, as well as balance and the construction of sequences of movements.
Through the exercises and efforts that are made when practicing physical activities, the ability of the muscles to stretch and contract is improved , returning to their original states without being affected.
Among the exercises that can be performed to improve flexibility are warm-ups, stretching and sports such as athletics, jumping, gymnastics, among others.
Stimulate child growth
The physical efforts that are carried out in physical education practices, such as jumping jacks, and stretching during play, stimulate the growth process of the muscular and skeletal systems.
Avoid being overweight
If physical education is practiced from an early age, the accumulation of fat in the body can be avoided. This is due to the fact that physical effort requires an extra amount of energy , and this is taken from the sugar reserves in the blood and from the fat under the body’s tissues.
Thus, it will be possible to avoid problems associated with being overweight, such as:
- Reduced body mobility
- Low self-esteem in children and youth
- Chances of suffering from diabetes
The exercise that is carried out under programming in physical education is beneficial for our organism, since it improves the capacity of growth and enrichment of the bones . The absorption of calcium in the bone system is favored, and this is strengthened more if it is practiced from childhood and youth.
Through the execution of movements and exercises in sports, infants, in addition to improving their motor coordination, will increase strength and consistency in the muscular work of the whole body. The exercises make the muscles, tendons and ligaments acquire better conditions.
Improve self esteem
To improve self-esteem it is convenient to practice sports, maintain a healthy body with exercise and develop group sports activities. This is evident, for example, when school sports practice is rewarded , which gives the student an improved self-perception, having overcome a challenge or reached a goal.
These measures taken in the academic environment are a positive factor that gives students a sense of belonging and acceptance . This satisfaction is coupled with the effect of endorphins, chemicals that improve mood after intense physical exertion.
One of the characteristics that distinguish people who have taken physical education, especially from an early age, is self-discipline , which is the quality that allows them to be effective, constant and persevering in all their objectives, to reach the goals that they are proposed in daily life.