The paracetamol , acetaminophen or acetaminophen, an antipyretic analgesic drug is (which removes or reduces pain) and (fever – reducing).It is a common component of a wide variety of commercial medications, as its pain-relieving and fever-reducing properties help against various ailments, such as influenza and throat infections, bumps, sprains and other conditions .

When administered in a controlled manner (without excesses) it does not affect the cardiovascular and pulmonary systems, nor the acid-base balance of the organism, it does not irritate the gastric mucosa and it has no effects on uric acid excretion and platelet aggregation.

Thanks to this noble action, it is highly used as an active ingredient in the formula of various drugs. Unlike opioid pain relievers, it does not alter the mood of the patient. The latter cause euphoria or depression.

So far, no evidence has been found that acetaminophen is addictive.

What is paracetamol for?

Paracetamol has specific functions that benefit the patient, guaranteeing well-being in a short time in terms of pain relief and fever reduction.

Paracetamol is used to:

  • Remove or decrease pain
  • Treat fever for various conditions

Take away or decrease pain

Being an over-the-counter medicine, it is common to use it at home, for the treatment of pain caused by common injuries at home or in daily life.

Paracetamol attacks pain; It acts by inhibiting prostaglandins (lipid substances that serve as mediators in various organic processes), thus preventing the appearance of pain in some injuries such as sprains and bumps in which the pain is mild or moderate.

It is responsible for relieving pain caused by bruises and other conditions in which treatment with morphine and other powerful drugs, most of them opiates, is not necessary.

Paracetamol is responsible for alleviating chronic pain, recurrent pain and minor injuries , being ingested in four different ways:

  • Usually orally, through tablets.
  • Administered intravenously and intramuscularly with injections
  • Consumed by the eye or nose through concentrated drops
  • Introduced into the body rectally, using suppositories

Due to its effectiveness in reducing muscle pain, it is frequently used against pain associated with age , such as low back pain or arthritis.

Paracetamol is used to relieve pain of various origins, such as menstrual pain, headaches, dental pain and neuropathic pain, related to diabetic neuropathies.

Paracetamol is used to treat headache

Treat fever in various conditions

Paracetamol decreases the febrile reaction in various conditions, such as the flu and measles. Thanks to this antipyretic effect , it is common for it to be present in flu-fighting drugs, but it is also administered independently, without being combined with the flu.

Paracetamol is a great support during throat conditions, where irritation causes annoying pain.

Contraindications of paracetamol

The use of this drug is contraindicated for a variety of patients:

  • Those who suffer or have suffered from liver disease , since this organ can be seriously affected by the medicine.
  • Pregnant or lactating women . This medicine crosses the placenta and can also reach breast milk, so care is given under the detailed instructions of a doctor.
  • Those who drink alcohol in a time close to contact with paracetamol
  • Patients currently taking other medications . This contraindication must be addressed, since a doctor is in charge of approving the combination of drugs, analyzing the possible effects. With this observation, toxicity reactions can be avoided.

Does consuming paracetamol have side effects?

Paracetamol pills

A consequence of inappropriate consumption is toxicity , generated by certain main causes:

  • Consumption in excess
  • Ingest it in the absence of apparent symptoms
  • Accompany it with alcohol intake

In the above cases, the toxicity comes to risk the patient to suffer:

  • Sickness
  • Loss of appetite
  • Jaundice of the skin and eyes
  • Stomach ache
  • Renal insufficiency
  • Hepatocellular insufficiency (dysfunctions in the liver)
  • When there is severe liver damage, it leads to tissue necrosis and organ death.

In people allergic to paracetamol, adverse symptoms such as:

  • Difficulty breathing
  • Headache
  • Swelling of the throat, face, tongue, lips
  • Appearance of hives
  • Seizures, in rare cases

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