The omeprazole is a drug used to treat various diseases of the digestive tract. Such conditions are related to the secretion of acid within the digestive tract. The omeprazole is then listed as an antacid .It belongs to a group of medicines called proton pump inhibitors . It is called a proton pump to the integral enzyme complexes of the membrane, capable of mobilizing protons through the membrane of a cell.

Omeprazole is usually used alone or in combination with other drugs, to treat more specific conditions; It can be found on the market both in pills and in over-the-counter solutions , labeled antacids. Medications issued by prescription are also available , in which there is usually a mixture of this with other drugs.

Depending on the type of condition, omeprazole is prescribed in three different forms:

  • Long-release pills (usually when accompanied by other drugs, to combat a variety of ailments)
  • Quick release pills
  • Injectable solutions , intramuscular route

What is omeprazole for?

Omeprazole, as an antacid drug, has two different goals. It serves to:

  • Reduce the secretion of hydrochloric acid
  • Help in treating infections

Reduce the secretion of hydrochloric acid

The main function of omeprazole as a drug is applied in the regulation of acid production in the digestive system . It reduces the level of hydrochloric acid secretion so it is recommended to address:

  • Reflux
  • Heartburn
  • Gastric ulcer, whose case is special
  • Treatment of Zollinger-Ellison syndrome

Zollinger-Ellison syndrome is caused by tumors that are commonly located in the head of the pancreas and in the small intestine. These lumps produce high levels of gastrin, which in turn stimulates excessive stomach acid production. When using omeprazole, this excess in acid secretion is inhibited.

Omeprazole acts on the oxintric cells of the gastric mucosa, inhibiting their functions and reducing the secretion of hydrochloric acid by up to eighty percent.

Helps in treating infections

Omeprazole treatment is used against intestinal infections , such as that caused by the bacterium Helicobacter Pylori , which infects and destroys the human epithelium. Gastritis and ulcers in the digestive tract are generated during this infection.

Omeprazole works by decreasing acid secretion , and when combined with other medications such as clarithromycin and amoxicillin , it reduces the acid content of the digestive tract and allows the other medications to work. In this way the infection is fought.

Omeprazole side effects

Omeprazole is an effective antacid.

The side effects produced by omeprazole are very rare, however they are listed:

  • Chest pain or tightness
  • Short of breath
  • Dark yellow or brown urine
  • Pain or difficulty urinating
  • Blood in the urine
  • Fever or sore throat
  • Redness
  • Blistering
  • Peeling or loosening of the skin
  • Rashes
  • Sometimes: bleeding or bruising of the oral epithelium
  • Yellowing of the eyes or skin (jaundice)
  • Headache
  • Diarrhea or constipation
  • Threw up
  • Tos
  • Liver failure
  • Pancreatitis
  • Gynecomastia
  • Drowsiness

Extreme caution is advised during pregnancy, as studies in animals have confirmed that fetal development is affected.

Samantha Robson
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Dr. Samantha Robson ( CRN: 0510146-5) is a nutritionist and website content reviewer related to her area of ​​expertise. With a postgraduate degree in Nutrition from The University of Arizona, she is a specialist in Sports Nutrition from Oxford University and is also a member of the International Society of Sports Nutrition.

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