The Oat is a cereal that comes from the plant family Poaceae . Its harvest is annual, and it has different species; among the most cultivated worldwide are Avena sativa and Byzantine oats . It has reticular and abundant roots, much more than those of the rest of the cereals, because they are deeper and achieve a better absorption of nutrients from the soil.This cereal requires quality control in the land where it is sown and cultivated, and it is a delicate plant, as it has little resistance to cold and needs an exact amount of water to survive. For this reason, it is harvested at the end of the summer and it is constantly monitored that it does not dry out or drown. Of course, it is not recommended for home vegetables.

It is native to Central Asia, where until medieval Europe it was considered a weed. However, it is recorded in archaeological archives that in Central Europe, during the Bronze Age, oats were used. This cereal had not had as much relevance as wheat and barley, but it was taking an important place thanks to the scientific study of its properties and nutrients .

What is oatmeal good for?

The oat plant can grow between 50 and 150 centimeters tall. Its leaves are flat and elongated, and its flowers appear in double or triple spikes. It is rich in protein , healthy fats , fiber , vitamins B1, B2, B3, B6, E, and minerals such as calcium, zinc, copper, phosphorus, iron, magnesium, potassium, and sodium.

Oats are used to:

  • Prevent and fight cardiovascular diseases
  • Eat a balanced diet
  • Regulate blood pressure
  • Generate energy in the body
  • Antidepressant effects
  • Prevent diabetes

Prevent and fight cardiovascular diseases

The overweight is a problem on the rise in populations of countries like Mexico and the United States. It involves the development of conditions such as excess bad cholesterol (HDL: High Density Lipoprotein), cardiovascular diseases such as arteriosclerosis and respiratory and digestive diseases.

To combat them, nutritionists and medical specialists advise that it is convenient to consume foods of natural origin, such as oats. This way , bad cholesterol is absorbed and used as energy, more easily . If this intake is complemented with exercise, the process will be more efficient, to start with a healthier lifestyle.

Eat a balanced diet

Plate with oats and spike.

Oatmeal is one of the foods that are included when recommending a balanced diet to the patient from a nutritionist. It can be found commercially as raw flakes, ground, or as milk. Thus, it can be added in the most popular uses, such as in shakes, mixed with other cereals, in salads and diet desserts.

Additionally, oatmeal can be included in vegan dishes as a substitute for meat. It is a great alternative to give a consistency similar to hamburgers, for example.

Regulate blood pressure

Cardiologists recommend adding oatmeal to the diet for patients suffering from heart failure, such as tachycardia (fast heartbeat) or bradycardia (slow heartbeat). The effects of oatmeal can be noticed by drinking between one and two glasses of oatmeal water with cinnamon daily, to regulate blood pressure.

Generate energy in the body

Oatmeal is a recommended cereal to be consumed by athletes . It provides energy to the body, keeps the nerves healthy and participates in the preservation of human longevity.

Antidepressant effects

In Swiss and German psychiatric hospitals, the consumption of oats, in any of its presentations, is promoted within the diet of young patients, not so much to avoid being overweight, but to take advantage of its antidepressant power . In addition, in students, it helps reduce the fatigue that school stress can cause .

Prevent diabetes

Oatmeal is a complement to a healthy life.

Regular consumption of oatmeal helps lower your risk of type 2 diabetes, and prevent it as you reach adulthood. It is a great support for the pancreas, which will work at levels suitable for the generation of insulin, and counteract the levels of glucose in the blood.

Side effects of oats

The excessive consumption of oats is not related to any type of serious illness. However, in its chemical composition are:

  • Gluten: it is in small amounts, but in celiac patients it can be harmful. The Celiac disease is the adverse reaction to gluten in the small intestine becomes inflamed, and therefore its internal villi are less absorption of nutrients.
  • Fiber: it is in a high proportion, so if a large amount of oatmeal is ingested, intestinal transit can decompensate and cause diarrhea as a consequence .

Samantha Robson
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Dr. Samantha Robson ( CRN: 0510146-5) is a nutritionist and website content reviewer related to her area of ​​expertise. With a postgraduate degree in Nutrition from The University of Arizona, she is a specialist in Sports Nutrition from Oxford University and is also a member of the International Society of Sports Nutrition.

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