Hydrocortisone is a group of corticosteroids (cortisol hormone) that is sold under various brand names. It has anti-inflammatory and immunosuppression action. It is indicated in cases of inflammatory and allergic diseases. Helps inhibit pain and swelling caused by these problems.

How can hydrocortisone be found?

It can be found both in the form of a cream, which is most often used for inflammations and allergies on the skin, as well as injectable – in this case it can only be handled by professionals, and is used in problem situations that are described, such as rheumatism, eye pain, allergies, respiratory diseases and multiple sclerosis.

Hydrocortisone works directly to improve the general clinical condition of the patient, inhibiting the symptoms caused by the disease being treated. After its correct use, most of the patients showed significant improvements.
importance of medical consultation

However, as an aid in solving simple health problems, hydrocortisone is often bought and used on its own. This is very risky As with any other drug, the incorrect use of this substance can only aggravate the problem that already exists, damaging the health of the patient since what separates a drug from a poison is only the dose that is used. When we are not informed by people specialized in the sector, we are in danger of poisoning.

No matter how superficial or simple the problem may seem, it is essential to seek medical help. Only the specialist could diagnose and solve the cause of the problem and give the most appropriate treatment. He will inform you about the most efficient form of hydrocortisone for your case, the period of use and the safe and efficient dose, so that there is an effective improvement of the image.

When should Hydrocortisone be used?

Hydrocortisone helps in various problems, we are separated from some of them which are the most common.
• Endocrine disorders

• In cases of congenital adrenal hyperplasia, non-suppurative thyroiditis, hypercalcemia associated with cancer. In cases of non-reactive shock, when there is a suspicion of adrenocortical insufficiency.

• It is recommended before surgery, or in situations of serious illness or severe trauma, in patients with adrenal insufficiency.

• It is also used for the treatment of acute adrenocortical insufficiency, primary or secondary adrenocortical insufficiency.
• Skin diseases

• Certain fungal infections caused by fungi, severe psoriasis.
• Allergic disorders

• Hydrocortisone also helps control severe allergy conditions, such as bronchial asthma, atopic and contact dermatitis, rhinitis, drug hypersensitivity reactions, non-infectious pulmonary edema, larynx, and serum sickness.
• Collagen diseases

• Can be used as therapy in patients with lupus, acute rheumatic carditis and systemic dermatomyositis.
• Gastrointestinal diseases

• Indicated to help in the treatment of a critical period for patients who have ulcerative colitis and regional enteritis.
• Edematous states: in these cases, hydrocortisone is used to induce diuresis or remission of proteinuria in nephrotic syndrome.
• In certain medical emergencies

• It can be used both in the case of impacts secondary to adrenocortical insufficiency, and in cases of acute disorders caused by allergies. In case of hemorrhagic, traumatic or surgical shock.

• Effective for tuberculosis, meningitis with subarachnoid block. It can also be used in conjunction with appropriate TB chemotherapy.
• Neoplastic diseases

• In palliative treatments, in cases of lymphomas and leukemia and adults, and when there is acute leukemia in children.

• Hematological disorders

• Against congenital hypoplastic anemia, secondary thrombocytopenia in adults, autoimmune hemolytic anemia and idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura in adults.
•Respiratory problems

• In case of fulminant pulmonary tuberculosis, berylliose, sarcoidosis and Loeffler’s syndrome.
• Diseases of the eye

• For all severe acute and chronic and allergic inflammatory that involves the eyes, which can be: iritis, chorium-retinitis, optic neuritis, inflammation of the anterior segment of the eye, allergic conjunctivitis, allergic corneal and marginal ulcers.

The side effects of hydrocortisone

Like most drugs on the market, hydrocortisone also has side effects, which can be unpleasant.

In some cases, the drug may cause itchy skin, excessive thirst, dizziness, headache, muscle weakness, weight gain, increased sweat production, and swelling of the legs.

According to some research, the use of hydrocortisone during pregnancy can cause cleft lip in newborns.

Using hydrocortisone cream, for example, the effects are varied. There may be atrophy of the skin, stretch marks, etc.

Contraindications to using Hydrocortisone

The first and foremost is not to use hydrocortisone. We’ve already talked about here, but it’s worth mentioning – find a doctor! Another important factor to keep in mind is that people who are allergic to hydrocortisone or other components of the solution should not use it.

In the case of patients with a fungal or systemic infection, the remedy should be avoided. In the case of hydrocortisone cream, it is essential that patients with processes derived from tuberculosis or syphilis in the treated area do not use it.

Those who suffer from diseases caused by viruses, perioral dermatitis, rosacea should also avoid the use of the drug.

In addition, they should not be treated for a long time, the intake and use of the remedy for a long period of time can collaborate in the processes of side effects.

The use of this medicine in children and pregnant women should be considered by a specialist, as there are some side effects and risks that can result in this case. The doctor will need to make the patient aware of the effects that the use of hydrocortisone can cause in the body.

What to do in case of hydrocortisone overdose?

Studies and research have not found a significant danger from an excessive dose of hydrocortisone. However, it is very important that after an overdose the patient remains under observation for symptoms.

If any symptoms appear, the patient should be referred immediately to a hospital for emergency care, so that the medicine used can inform the time of consumption and the amount ingested or manipulated.

Even without certification of the ills caused by hydrocortisone overdose, it is important to keep this in mind.

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Dr. Samantha Robson ( CRN: 0510146-5) is a nutritionist and website content reviewer related to her area of ​​expertise. With a postgraduate degree in Nutrition from The University of Arizona, she is a specialist in Sports Nutrition from Oxford University and is also a member of the International Society of Sports Nutrition.

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