The honey is a liquid substance produced by honey bees , based nectar foraging on various plant flowers and fruits. Honey is the combination of fructose, water and glucose with some other organic compounds from the plants from which it obtains nectar.In nature, there are two basic types of honey , flower honey made by wasps and bees from plant nectar, and dew honey, which is honey made by aphids, ants and other insects that extract the sap. of the plants. Due to the complexity of its extraction, dew honey is less common, while honey from bees and wasps is more popular.

Honey has been used by humanity for more than 8000 years , mainly as energy food and to a lesser extent for its medicinal properties. There are cave paintings showing the collection of honey in the Mesolithic period, and later in the Neolithic the ancient peoples began to breed and control them.

In ancient Egypt, honey was used as a source of sugars , it was also considered as something sacred because it was used in the embalming and mummification of corpses, and as an offering for their gods.

The Greeks also held bees and honey as something sacred, even embodying the image of bees on coins, vessels and reliefs in their temples. Later, the Roman Empire learned beekeeping and an appreciation for bees from the Greek.

Many of these ancient peoples used honey to make drinks, the most important of which was mead, which was highly appreciated by the Viking, Celtic, Gauls, Saxon, Norman, Roman and Greek peoples.

Currently honey has many uses, although it is no longer the main sweetener used in food , it continues to play an important role as its beneficial properties are used for many purposes.

What is honey for in daily life?

Being an energetic, sweet, tasty and nutritious food, honey continues to have many uses in the industry, especially as a healthier alternative to sugar and other sweeteners. It is also highly valued and used as a natural medical treatment, as it has antibiotic, lightening, softening and digestive properties.

Honey is used among other things to:

  • Eat alone
  • Preserve food
  • Sweeten foods
  • Prepare drinks
  • Substitute syrup
  • Prepare jams
  • Prepare desserts
  • decorate food
  • Prepare sweets
  • Prepare bread
  • Preparing sweet and sour food
  • Flavorings
  • Lighten spots on the skin
  • Lightens hair
  • Remove scars
  • Soften the skin
  • Disinfect certain wounds
  • Make lotions
  • Perfumes
  • Embalm momias
  • Serves as glue
  • Reduce flu discomfort
  • Clear throat
  • Increase defenses
  • Has antiseptic properties
  • Relieves cough
  • It is astringent
  • It is healing
  • It is digestive
  • It is an antioxidant

Honey serves as a sweetener, preservative and energy :

Honey has been used for thousands of years as a natural sweetener for various foods. Since the beginning of civilization, honey has been highly appreciated as a food, because being made of fructose, glucose, some nutrients and water, it is very beneficial to combat exhaustion and replenish energy.

Honey was an ingredient in many ancient foods, especially food for soldiers, children, and important figures such as kings, priests, and nobles.

Honey is a natural preservative because it has a low water content and a high sugar content, which prevents bacteria from reproducing. For this reason it has been used in many cultures to preserve different things, the Egyptians used it in ancient times to preserve corpses, for this reason it was used as part of the mummification process.

Honey was also used to preserve the corpses of some famous people in history, since preventing the proliferation of certain bacteria prevented the bodies from decomposing faster. 

Honey is used as a flavoring, flavoring and coloring:

Honey has a characteristic golden color that can present various shades, these qualities have been used in gastronomy to give food color, especially to varnish bread and give shine to some meats and pastries. The taste of honey depends on the plants that the bees suck, and it can be more bitter, sweet, herbal, floral, fruity or even salty. For this reason, some recipes specifically require a certain type of honey, for example oak honey, flower honey, orange blossom honey, etc.

Honey is a syrup with a characteristic aroma which is widely valued in perfumery, where its essence or synthetic essences are used to produce different perfumes, generally intended for women due to its sweet aroma. 

Honey has medicinal and cosmetic properties:

Primitive civilizations used honey as a medicinal remedy, especially as an antiseptic and healing agent, since honey contains a substance called glucose oxidase, which is an enzyme with antiseptic properties, since upon contact with wounds it releases hydrogen peroxide. These properties are also used by cosmetology, as they help to smooth the skin, eliminate blemishes, prevent acne, reduce wrinkles and eliminate scars.

Can honey cause me side effects?

Yes, especially in children under three years of age , as their stomachs have not yet developed enough gastric acidity to prevent some pathogens from invading their body. Therefore, with natural and artificial honeys, an ideal environment is created for the growth of many bacteria and yeasts, the most dangerous of them is Clostridium botulinum which causes botulism, a potentially fatal disease for children.

In general, children over five years of age and the rest of the population can safely consume honey, but as it is a food high in sugars and especially in glucose, it is recommended to consume it in moderation as it increases blood sugar levels. This is especially important for people with diabetes, overweight, obesity, and blood pressure problems.

Pregnant women and those who are lactating can consume honey, but if they are diabetic or have any questions, it is advisable to consult their doctor.

This article is for educational purposes only and is not intended as a substitute for professional medical opinion.


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Dr. Samantha Robson ( CRN: 0510146-5) is a nutritionist and website content reviewer related to her area of ​​expertise. With a postgraduate degree in Nutrition from The University of Arizona, she is a specialist in Sports Nutrition from Oxford University and is also a member of the International Society of Sports Nutrition.

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