The guarana , whose scientific name is guarana , a plant of the Sapindaceae family, which grows in the Amazon and is generally grown in the Brazilian area between Manaus and Maués River. It is a climbing plant and its leaves have five lanceolate and toothed leaflets.The fruits of guarana have a reddish anaranjaso shell, and the mature be seen the white pulp and single seed, small and surrounded by a red aryl. The seed contains caffeine, which because it is in this plant is also called guaraine or theine, and comprises 3% to 5%. It also contains other stimulants such as theophylline and theobromine, and vitamins A, B and E.

What is guarana used for?

Guarana is one of the best known native species of the Brazilian Amazon, and it is also the most economically valuable. The trade and consumption of its fruits, products and derivatives from its seeds have spread throughout the world, due to its medicinal, stimulant and energetic properties.

The guarana fruit has a physical preparation before its characteristics are taken advantage of. According to tradition, after collecting the fruits, the seeds are separated and stored until the aril ferments , which is extracted. Afterwards, the seeds are roasted and the tegument is removed, to create a fine powder of them.

Guarana seed powder has been shown to:

  • Reduce heart attacks
  • Improve memory retention
  • Improve physical performance
  • Antioxidant properties
  • Antiseptic properties
  • Astringent properties
  • Prevent thromboembolism
  • Prevent arteriosclerosis
  • Prevent severe headaches
  • Possible natural aphrodisiac properties
  • Reduce fat, combined with linoleic acid
  • Reduce appetite, due to its high fiber content
  • Make energy products such as syrups, bars, powders, and beverages

The stimulating properties of guarana, provided by caffeine, theophylline and theobromine, are responsible for stimulating the central nervous system. Manufacturers of energy drinks often add caffeine, either synthetic or natural, derived from a decaffeination process to these products.

Brazil, which is the main country that grows guarana, produces different types of drinks with extracts of guarana that do not contain added caffeine. Each one makes a difference with its flavor, some with a brief taste of natural guarana fruit. These are generally sweet and carbonated. Guarana-based energy drinks are produced in European countries.

Guarana characteristics

It is well known that, after the consumption of guarana, some phytochemical compounds act in the human organism, destroying the active oxygens responsible for cell damage. A large number of investigations have the objective of evaluating the contribution of these substances present in terrestrial and aquatic plants, proving their benefits for human health.

The chemical composition of guarana is characterized by the presence of alkaloids (stimulants) of the methylxanthine type, such as caffeine, theophylline and theobromine, as well as terpenes, flavonoids and amides . Methylxanthines are stimulants of the central nervous system.

Guarana consumption

Regular consumption of guarana, either chewing the fruit or in drinks, can cause health problems or adverse effects such as:

  • Anxiety
  • Insomnia
  • Tachycardia
  • Gastritis
  • Some type of cancer

Currently, guarana is widely used as a method of self-medication, as an aphrodisiac and as an adjunct in diets to lose weight. Since it has become a fad, recklessness and abuse in its consumption can occur. The probability of suffering from any of the above conditions is increased by irresponsible consumption.

Samantha Robson
 | Website

Dr. Samantha Robson ( CRN: 0510146-5) is a nutritionist and website content reviewer related to her area of ​​expertise. With a postgraduate degree in Nutrition from The University of Arizona, she is a specialist in Sports Nutrition from Oxford University and is also a member of the International Society of Sports Nutrition.

Similar Posts

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *