The glutamine is an amino acid found in human and animal organisms. It is because of this presence of yours that it is classified within the so-called non-essential amino acids .The body can synthesize it from the amino acids valine and isoleucine , contained in some proteins that we consume in food; however, glutamine production can only be carried out in amounts adequate to meet the body’s needs .

Glutamine is an uncharged polar amino acid whose pH is neutral. Its symbol is the letter Q in a one-letter code, and “ Gin ” in a three-letter code. Its condensed chemical formula is 5 H 10 N 2 O 3 .

It is one of the few amino acids whose molecules have two nitrogen atoms. This characteristic makes the substance ideal for various metabolic processes.

Glutamine is the most abundant amino acid in muscle tissue , comprising a proportion of 60% of the amount of amino acids found in the human body. It is also found in the blood, and is also involved in the processes that take place in the brain.

What is glutamine for?

Glutamine is an amino acid that participates in numerous processes and structures in the body . The two nitrogen atoms in its composition favor its reactivity and stability.

Glutamine serves to:

  • Intervene in various metabolic processes
  • Help the immune system
  • As an energy substance for the body
  • Improve body hydration
  • Help with depression treatments
  • Decrease fatigue
  • Increase muscle

In metabolic processes:

Glutamine is one of the amino acids that contribute to the proper functioning of the body, acting in several important metabolic processes, such as:

  • In cell growth
  • It is a substrate for the synthesis of proteins
  • Acid-base regulation in the kidney
  • It is involved in the transport of nitrogen in organs and tissues
  • Source of energy for the cells of the immune system.
  • Creation of other amino acids and enzymes such as L-glutamate, pyrimidine, purine and amino-sugars.

Help the immune system

In addition to its role as an energy source for macrophages and lymphocytes , glutamine contributes with other amino acids so that this system produces glutathione , which is a water-soluble antioxidant that helps eliminate free radicals.

During intense exercise, glutamine levels decrease, so it is recommended that you consume foods that contain it or the administration of supplements . This helps to replenish the lost glutamine.

Serves as an energetic substance for the body

Glutamine is an amino acid, which although it is not among the essential amino acids, it is very important for the body.

When the body does not get enough carbohydrates from food, glutamine is metabolized, breaking down into glucose, providing energy to the body and contributing to the recovery of glycogen in muscle tissue .

Improves hydration of the body

Glutamine favors the entry of water into the tissues. It especially supports the hydration of muscle tissues, which increases their volume. This is one of the reasons why glutamine is often added in bodybuilding supplements.

Help with depression treatments

Thanks to the benefits with which glutamine helps brain metabolism, this amino acid collaborates in the regulation of neurotransmitters , chemical compounds responsible for mood, helping to cope with depression.

Decrease fatigue

Glutamine contributes to the reduction of fatigue, since it neutralizes the lactic acid that is produced when the muscle tissue performs strenuous exercises.

Serves to increase muscle

Glutamine combines its best qualities to support sports and the development of muscle mass. It is consumed by athletes dedicated to weightlifting and bodybuilding. The benefits in muscle tissue are as follows:

  • Creation of dense muscle tissue
  • Antioxidant function
  • Hydration of muscle tissues
  • Fuel for cells
  • Glutathione production
  • Decreased lactic acid produced

Side effects of glutamine consumption

If the average person eats an adequate diet, it is not necessary to add glutamine in the form of supplements. It is already generated naturally in the body.

As more glutamine is added to the body, the effect is an increase in muscle mass . This addition should only be done if the person performs vigorous physical activity.

Being in excess, there is no harm from glutamine. It just takes care of its normal functions, without affecting organs or cell functions.

Samantha Robson
 | Website

Dr. Samantha Robson ( CRN: 0510146-5) is a nutritionist and website content reviewer related to her area of ​​expertise. With a postgraduate degree in Nutrition from The University of Arizona, she is a specialist in Sports Nutrition from Oxford University and is also a member of the International Society of Sports Nutrition.

Similar Posts

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *