Fluoxetine or Prozac are the brand names for fluoxetine hydrochloride , an antidepressant drug. In other words, it is a drug responsible for increasing serotonin levels in the brain. Modify brain chemistry to regulate mood.In the brains of patients with depression, there are often dangerously low levels of serotonin . This is a neurotransmitter , one of many substances involved in the management of human emotions, and must be present in an acceptable amount. Prozac and other products prevent sharp drops, ensuring stability.Fluoxetine hydrochloride began to be marketed under prescription in 1987 to treat various mental disorders. To test its effectiveness, 5-6 week studies were conducted in patients diagnosed with major depression, younger than 18 years of age.

What is fluoxetine for?

Fluoxetine hydrochloride is the most convenient way to present fluoxetine, due to the ease with which it reacts in the body to start its activity.

It is used to treat mental disorders and conditions such as:

  • Major depression
  • Anhedonia
  • Obsessive compulsive disorders (OCD)
  • Anorexia nervosa
  • Posttraumatic stress
  • Tourette syndrome
  • Bipolar disorder
  • Low self-esteem
  • Cases of alcoholism
  • Cataplexy
  • Insomnia
  • Lack of concentration
  • Memory problems
  • Migraines
  • Narcolepsy
  • Learning problems
  • Attention deficit disorder
  • Menstrual dysmorphic disorder
  • Anxiety disorders

Major depression

Major depression is a mood disorder characterized by permanent, persistent depression . It interferes with daily activities, and has the following symptoms:

  • Sleep disturbances
  • Anhedonia (total absence of pleasure first and foremost)
  • Changes in appetite
  • Loss of interest in everyday life
  • Fatigue
  • Feelings of guilt
  • Low self-esteem
  • Slow thinking
  • Lack of concentration

Obsessive compulsive disorders (OCD)

An obsessive compulsive disorder is a mental condition characterized by the patient having recurring and repetitive ideas, thoughts, impulses or images; all of them related to the world around him.

These are recognized by the individual as excessive and even irrational. Feel a great need for control, order and hygiene , for fear of environmental factors. They cause you anxiety and significantly interfere with your contact with other people and your work life.

The long-term effectiveness of fluoxetine (greater than 13 weeks) has not yet been proven; therefore, when choosing this drug, it is necessary to constantly monitor the progress of the treatment.

Eating disorders

Fluoxetine hydrochloride is used when suffering from bulimia nervosa . This drug reduces the anxiety of the person to indulge in a binge (overeating) and the subsequent session of deliberate vomiting.

So far, the effectiveness of fluoxetine in the treatment of bulimia nervosa has been observed in a period of no more than 16 weeks . You should keep track of your progress.

Although it offers the advantage of stabilizing the appetite , with the possibility of losing weight , it should be noted that it is better to use fluoxetine for its original purpose, as an antidepressant.

Sleep disorders

Fluoxetine hydrochloride is a drug that is often prescribed for various types of sleep disorders, such as:

  • Insomnia
  • Cataplexy
  • Narcolepsy

This application is due to its effects of raising serotonin in the brain, which can positively influence the patient’s alertness. However, it should be noted that its main function is antidepressant, rather than regulating sleep.

Reduce drug dependence

Despite being a drug that produces dependence, fluoxetine is used to reduce dependence on other substances such as marijuana, cocaine and heroin, precisely because of its action of increasing the amounts of serotonin in the brain, and producing a sensation of wellness.

Although it is a restricted drug, the sale of which must be with a prescription, in some countries it can be freely purchased. This can lead to debauchery, excessive consumption and self-medication; therefore, it is important to learn about its adverse effects and contraindications.

Adverse effects of fluoxetine

Fluoxetine or prozac is a very powerful antidepressant medicine.

Fluoxetine hydrochloride, in its administration, can have side effects, which will appear according to two degrees of use:

  • Possible side effects
  • Effects of overdose

Possible side effects

They can manifest themselves during the normal consumption of the drug, in patients with sensitivity to its composition.

  • Alteration of sexual desire
  • Decreased sexual ability
  • Seizures
  • Soft spot
  • Difficulty breathing
  • Difficulty to swallow
  • Joint pain
  • Throat pain
  • Fever
  • Sweating
  • Confusion
  • Fast heartbeat (tachycardia)
  • Irregular heartbeat (paradoxical rhythm)
  • Severe muscle stiffness
  • Swelling of the face
  • Throat inflamation
  • Swelling of the tongue, lips and eyes
  • Swelling of the calves, ankles, feet, and hands
  • Sickness
  • Nervousness
  • Weightloss
  • Loss of appetite
  • Rash
  • Dry mouth
  • Drowsiness
  • Excessive sweating
  • Uncontrollable shaking in any part of the body
  • Urticaria
  • Hallucinations

In some occasions, the consumption of fluoxetine hydrochloride can cause problems in the lungs, kidneys and liver. Their reaction mechanisms can be altered when combined with other drugs and alcoholic beverages.

Effects of overdose

They occur due to the excessive use of this antidepressant.

  • Hallucinations
  • Cardiac arrhythmia
  • Coma
  • Confusion
  • Fading
  • Lack of response to stimuli
  • Fever
  • Instability
  • Dizziness
  • Nervousness

It should be noted that, although the effects produced by the drug can be observed shortly after starting to ingest it, the therapeutic effects are detected and cataloged after four weeks of use.

This article is informative. Please do not use this medicine without the responsibility of consulting the psychiatrist.

Samantha Robson
 | Website

Dr. Samantha Robson ( CRN: 0510146-5) is a nutritionist and website content reviewer related to her area of ​​expertise. With a postgraduate degree in Nutrition from The University of Arizona, she is a specialist in Sports Nutrition from Oxford University and is also a member of the International Society of Sports Nutrition.

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