Optical fiber, as it is known at an industrial level, has two main components:
The core is the material of the optical fiber, as is. The lining is a soft plastic cover that is responsible for protecting the core from the elements and damage by external agents.
What is fiber optics for?
Optical fiber has applications that have multiplied with technological advances. It serves to:
- Transmit information uninterruptedly
- Increase the speed of communications
- Economize device manufacturing
Transmit information uninterruptedly
Optical fiber has adequate and favorable properties for the flow of light. As a consequence, it is capable of transmitting information quickly, without it being interrupted or corrupted by foreign and polluting information.
Its use was, at first, to transmit telephone data. Later, to carry cable television data. The most recent application is in the transmission of the internet signal, making it more efficient.
Increase the speed of communications
The latest goal of fiber optics is to slow down data transfer over the internet and television. When you have a total fiber optic infrastructure, you will be able to obtain superior quality information and images, investing a minimum of time.
As the internet is the means of communication that adjusts to the needs of the world’s population, fiber optics are used to apply it in transcontinental communication. The number of information repeaters is decreased and data transport is amplified.
Optical fiber facilitates videoconferences, achieving simultaneous and fluid communication between members in different geographical locations.
Economize device manufacturing
Optical fiber is an inexpensive and easy-to-install material , which speeds up the passage of data that is transmitted by means of light.
In addition, in the medical field, it is used as a component of laser rays , which cauterize and suture injuries. It is a great assistant for microsurgery, required in specialties such as neurosurgery, cardiology, nephrology.
It is also added to specialized cutting machines in the industrial field, and to high precision microscopes, useful in biochemical and microbiological research environments.
Fiber optics is a great alternative to be included in electronic telescopes for astrophysical research centers, and nuclear physics devices, which study subatomic particles.