The fennel , whose scientific name is Foeniculum vulgare , is a native to the Mediterranean areas of Europe edible plant, but since ancient times has also grown in the countries of India and Morocco. It belongs to the order of apial plants , so it has a similarity to celery, dill, carrots and parsley.It is characterized by the great resemblance of its stems to celery plants, with the difference that its leaves are compound, with multiple thin leaflets. It usually reaches a height of 2 meters, and its tubers have a diameter of up to 15 centimeters. Fennel flowers come in clustered umbels of tiny yellow florets that produce a schizocarp fruit .That fruit is similar to anise and cumin , but its aroma is more similar to that of anise. Fennel has been used as a medicinal plant since ancient civilizations, both for its action on the stomach and for its diuretic and antiflatulent effects . It has been used to aid the production of breast milk, and to naturally increase breast size in women.

What is fennel good for?

Fennel is a multifaceted plant with various uses, both in the field of gastronomy and in traditional medicine, herbalism, aromatherapy and perfumery. Today, scientific research continues to share the evidence of its benefits.

Fennel is used to:

  • Regulatory and welfare functions
  • Food preparation
  • Make personal care products
  • Reduce digestive discomfort
  • Diuretic effects
  • Women’s health
  • Benefit skin, eyes and mouth
  • Manufacture of perfumes

Regulatory and welfare functions

The fennel plant contains beneficial and medicinal substances, among which are:

  • Anetol
  • Limoneno
  • estragole
  • Alpha-pineno
  • Fenchona
  • Coumarin
  • arginine
  • Glutamic acid
  • Histidine
  • aspartic acid
  • Phytoestrogens
  • To the girl

Fennel tea allows a better use and absorption of its nutrients.

Many of them are responsible for nourishing the body and providing the feeling of well-being and stability. Among the purposes of fennel in this regard are:

  • Inhibition of appetite
  • Halitosis
  • Decreased stomach pain
  • Help in natural breast augmentation
  • Increase the production of breast milk (it is galactogenic)
  • Improve digestion
  • Diuretic effects
  • Regularize menstruation
  • Relief from menstrual cramps
  • Eliminate a population of fungi (it is antifungal)
  • It is carminative
  • Relieve nervousness
  • Mitigate colds
  • Reduce muscle spasms (it is spasmolytic)
  • It is insecticide
  • Prevents the aging of body cells (it is an antioxidant)
  • Prevents the appearance of anemia (it is antianemic)
  • Preparation of tonics
  • Preparation of eye drops
  • Decrease inflammation in the skin

Food preparation

Fennel has been cultivated as a vegetable since ancient civilizations, such as the Romans, Greeks, and Indians. In the Gallic towns it had an important role, being part of the basic diet . It was considered, in addition to being an edible and medicinal plant, as a sacred herb, related by the Greeks to Dionysus, the god of wine and the grape harvest.

The most used part of fennel is its bulb , which due to its mild flavor is added to all kinds of dishes, especially salty ones . Its seeds have a flavor similar to anise and are also used in liqueurs, desserts and bakery. The leaves are also edible , and are used as a scent herb in soups and salads, to flavor them.

The foods to which fennel is added are:

  • Salads
  • Desserts
  • Infusions
  • Stews
  • Soups
  • Upholstery
  • Entremeses
  • Panes
  • Drinks
  • Spirits
  • Sweet

Make personal care products

Fennel is processed in the production of personal care and perfumery products. Its aroma can be found in articles such as:

  • Perfumes
  • Lotions
  • Aromatic essences
  • Essential oils
  • Breath pills
  • Mouthwash
  • Eye drops
  • Hair tonic
  • Skin toner
  • Shampoo
  • Skin cream

Reduce digestive discomfort

The main medicinal use of fennel is in the treatment of digestive problems, especially those related to flatulence, indigestion and bad breath. The chemicals in fennel help expel gas, reduce inflammation, and calm intestinal cramps.

Diuretic effects

Both the Greeks, the Romans and the Gauls used fennel as a diuretic, to relieve urinary problems. Its antifungal, spasmolytic and soothing properties treat mild urinary infections.

Women’s health

Thanks to its high levels of phytoestrogens, fennel has been used to help women in aspects such as:

  • Milk production in nursing mothers
  • Relief from menstrual cramps
  • Regularization of menstruation

It should be noted that its consumption by pregnant women is dangerous , especially in the form of oil and seeds. Although lactating women can consume fennel, but in moderation.

Benefit skin, eyes and mouth

With the seeds, leaves and bulbs of fennel, cooking and tonics are prepared to help reduce inflammation of the skin. There are creams and ointments with fennel extract on the market.

In addition, eye drops are prepared to help soothe irritated eyes and reduce eyelid bags. For this purpose a cotton soaked with the infusion of the plant is used.

To combat bad breath or halitosis, it is customary to chew fennel seeds.

Manufacture of perfumes

Fennel can provide valuable components for the perfume industry.

For its precious aroma, its calming and toning effects, fennel is used to make creams, poultices, shampoos and hair tonics. Essential oil is extracted from its seeds to make perfumes and lotions.

Fennel side effects

Although as a vegetable it is practically harmless, the seeds, oil and extract of fennel can be toxic, due to two substances it contains, and whose high doses present this risk:

  • Estragole – Causes hepatotoxicity and is suspected of being carcinogenic
  • Anethole: can cause allergies and stomach problems

This article is for informational purposes only and is not a substitute for professional medical opinion. Consult a

Samantha Robson
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Dr. Samantha Robson ( CRN: 0510146-5) is a nutritionist and website content reviewer related to her area of ​​expertise. With a postgraduate degree in Nutrition from The University of Arizona, she is a specialist in Sports Nutrition from Oxford University and is also a member of the International Society of Sports Nutrition.

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