The enalapril is an antihypertensive drug , part of a group of drugs called ACE inhibitors or angiotensin enzyme. This is one of the enzymes that, among other functions, are responsible for controlling blood pressure and extracellular volume, as well as being a vasoconstrictor and stimulating the production of two substances called aldosterone and vasopressin .The aldosterone is a hormone that promotes the excretion of potassium hydron via renal pathways and helps the sodium is reabsorbed by the same routes. The vasopressin is an antidiuretic hormone that promotes reabsorption and retention of water by the renal tubules. It increases the volume of the blood and the heartbeat, which increases the cardiac output.Enalapril also inhibits the enzyme that converts angiotensin I into angiotensin II , the latter being a vasoconstrictor at the level of blood vessels called arterioles, and raising blood pressure. By inhibiting the enzyme angiotensin II, blood pressure is lowered and aldosterone secretion is lowered to some degree, thereby reducing potassium loss.

What is enalapril for?

Enalapril is an antihypertensive drug that is usually given as monotherapy when high blood pressure occurs. It is also accompanied by other drugs, such as diuretics, in the treatment of heart failure because, by inhibiting vasoconstrictor enzymes and hormones, it helps improve blood flow, facilitating the work of the heart.

It serves to:

  • Treat heart conditions
  • Reduce high blood pressure
  • Treat chronic heart failure
  • Protect the kidneys in diabetics

To treat the following heart conditions

Enalapril serves as a vasodilator in the heart ducts, a function that helps lower blood pressure and the problems that this condition entails.

Among them are:

  • High blood pressure
  • Heart failure
  • Mitral valve regurgitation
  • Renal vulnerability in diabetics
  • Renovascular hypertension
  • Congestive heart failure (in combination with other medications)
  • Ventricular disorder
  • Arterial injuries

Reduce high blood pressure

Enalapril is a vasodilator drug, it regulates blood pressure.

The main function of enalapril is to inhibit angiotensin II , which is the vasoconstrictor enzyme that causes high blood pressure . Therefore, taking this medicine reduces the risks that this condition leads to, such as:

  • Heart attacks
  • Strokes
  • Thrombosis
  • Injury to organs from hematomas, strokes, or vascular infarcts

Treat chronic heart failure

Enalapril helps blood flow more easily , so it helps the heart stop working too hard to pump this vital fluid throughout the body. In addition, it helps to keep potassium levels stable, as it inhibits the secretion of aldosterone , which promotes the excretion or elimination of potassium.

Protect the kidneys in diabetics

Enalapril is administered in many cases to treat hypertensive diabetic patients, since in addition to helping to control high blood pressure, it helps to:

  • Dilate kidney blood vessels
  • Improve blood fluidity
  • Decrease vascular morbidity
  • Manage diabetic nephropathy
  • Reduce the damage that diabetic nephropathy causes to the kidneys

Contraindications of enalapril

Enalapril should be avoided or administered under medical supervision in people such as:

  • Pregnant women
  • Patients with kidney failure
  • Patients sensitive to angiotensin enzyme inhibitors

Side effects of enalapril

Enalapril works to lower high blood pressure.

Enalapril is only indicated for certain conditions and patients, as it is a drug that is associated with side effects that can range from moderate to severe.

The side effects of enalapril can be:

  • Sickness
  • Threw up
  • Diarrhea
  • Rash
  • Soft spot
  • Dizziness
  • Headache
  • Tos
  • Swelling of the face or other parts of the body
  • Jaundice
  • Dyspnea (shortness of breath)
  • Fainting
  • Fever

Enalapril, in pregnant women, can cause birth defects and death in the unborn. It is also associated with a worsening of kidney damage in patients taking this drug together with non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs).

Faced with any of the above symptoms, it is very important to go to the emergency room, as it may be anaphylactic shock.

This article is for informational purposes only and is not a substitute for professional medical opinion. Consult a doctor.

Website | + posts

Dr. Samantha Robson ( CRN: 0510146-5) is a nutritionist and website content reviewer related to her area of ​​expertise. With a postgraduate degree in Nutrition from The University of Arizona, she is a specialist in Sports Nutrition from Oxford University and is also a member of the International Society of Sports Nutrition.

Similar Posts

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *