The diclofenac potassium is a nonsteroidal drug that chemically derived from phenylacetic acid. Its effects are anti-inflammatory, antipyretic and analgesic , so it is recommended to treat strokes, musculoskeletal problems and in general inflammation, fever and pain. Being a potassium salt, it is quickly soluble and kicks in immediately.It is used as part of pain therapy in patients with cancer and diseases in which the pain ranges from moderate to severe. The mechanism of action of diclofenac potassium consists in the interruption of the activity of the enzyme cyclooxygenase , an action that in turn reduces the production of prostaglandins.By slowing down the appearance of prostaglandins, organic responses such as inflammation, pain, and blood pressure, among others , are canceled . The active component, diclofenac, can occur as two main salts: diclofenac sodium and diclofenac potassium . Sodium dissolves slowly, and is used in diseases with chronic pain, with slow release.

What is diclofenac potassium for?

Diclofenac potassium is used to treat various ailments, especially musculoskeletal and some organic. After it is administered, the average time in which it begins to act is one hour . This time is short compared to diclofenac sodium, which is two to three hours.

Diclofenac potassium, in general, is used to:

  • Control pain in ailments
  • Treat osteoarticular problems
  • Soothe discomfort in bruises and trauma
  • Post-surgical analgesic treatment
  • Treat migraine and menstrual cramps

Control pain in ailments

Diclofenac potassium is effective in relieving pain in conditions such as the following:

  • Drop
  • Kidney stones
  • Menstrual cramps
  • Rheumatoid arthritis
  • Strong migraines
  • Antipyretic
  • Blows and trauma
  • Gallstone pain
  • ankylosing spondylitis
  • Low back pain
  • Osteoarthritis
  • Inflammation inside the eyes
  • Surgical procedures
  • Actinic keratosis
  • Otitis
  • Carpal tunnel syndrome
  • Contractures
  • Diabetic neuropathy
  • Pharyngitis-tonsillitis
  • Sprains
  • Liver neuralgia
  • Dental surgery
  • Orthopedic surgery
  • Neck pain
  • Trigeminal neuralgia
  • Neuralgia facial
  • Chronic pain in cancer patients
  • Fibromyalgia

Treat osteoarticular problems

Diclofenac is an analgesic and anti-inflammatory drug to relieve discomfort from osteoarticular diseases.

Diclofenac potassium stands out as an anti-inflammatory in diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis and ankylosing spondylitis, as it is rapidly absorbed and effectively mitigates pain. For these ailments, in addition to pills, there are also creams and ointments with diclofenac, for superficial application.

Soothe discomfort in bruises and trauma

Due to its ability to reach the blood plasma by passing through albumin, diclofenac is widely used to treat muscle pain, both in its intravenous and intramuscular presentation, and even in creams and gel to be applied in areas with pain.

Post-surgical analgesic treatment

Diclofenac potassium is commonly used as a prophylactic in surgical procedures to prevent inflammation, reduce fever, and alleviate pain.

Treat migraine and menstrual cramps

Due to its fast and powerful effects, diclofenac potassium is one of the most used painkillers to relieve severe migraines and the most annoying menstrual cramps . It must be administered with care, as bleeding and hemorrhage can occur in sensitive people or when its use is continuous.

Contraindications of diclofenac potassium

The consumption of diclofenac should be avoided or monitored in people such as:

  • Patients with an operation on the digestive tract
  • Patients with bleeding or blood problems
  • Patients who have previously ingested alcohol
  • Pregnant women, as it crosses the placenta
  • Lactating women, as it is excreted in breast milk

Side effects of diclofenac potassium

Diclofenac is used to treat pain in arthritis.

This medicine, in the abuse of its consumption and in its application in sensitive people, produces symptoms that can range from mild to severe.

The most common side effects are:

  • Constipation
  • Gastritis
  • Sickness
  • Threw up
  • Diarrhea
  • Headache

The most delicate are:

  • Urticaria
  • Swelling of the face
  • Itch
  • Rash
  • Chest pain
  • Sickness
  • Intestinal bleeding (can be seen as black stools)
  • Light hemorrhages

This article is informational in nature and is not a substitute for professional medical opinion.

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Dr. Samantha Robson ( CRN: 0510146-5) is a nutritionist and website content reviewer related to her area of ​​expertise. With a postgraduate degree in Nutrition from The University of Arizona, she is a specialist in Sports Nutrition from Oxford University and is also a member of the International Society of Sports Nutrition.

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