The zanahor ia , whose scientific name is Daucus carota, is a vegetable that belongs to the family Umbelliferae . This plant is native to Europe, Asia and North Africa, and has spread throughout the temperate regions of the Northern Hemisphere. The name “carrot” is applied to the thickened taproot of this plant, which is the edible part.The Daucus carota is a biennial plant, ie it is fully developed in two years. During the first year , it forms a rosette of finely divided leaves and stores nutrients in the root, which becomes fleshy and larger. It is these roots that are collected for human consumption. In the second year , the plant blooms and the properties of the root decline.

Only the cultivated carrot is a prized vegetable, since the wild variety forms a hard, woody root that is not suitable for human consumption. The carrot that is usually added to salads, dishes and soups has a composition rich in antioxidants called carotenoids, and in vitamin A or retinol .

The carrot is an edible root that is widely used in the nutritional and medicinal aspects, thanks to the variety of nutrients it contains. It can be eaten raw or cooked, alone or with vegetables. It can be included in juices, dishes, creams and salads.

The carrot is used to:

  • Take nutrients for the body
  • Improve the sense of sight
  • Treat skin problems
  • Cosmetic effects
  • Reduce appetite
  • Fight fatigue and headaches
  • Treat diarrhea
  • Eliminate intestinal parasites

The edible part of the carrot is its orange root.

Take nutrients for the body

The regular consumption of carrot is highly recommended in the daily diet, since this edible root provides, in a portion of 80 grams, chemicals such as:

  • Carbohydrates: 4.8g
  • Fibra: 1.9g
  • Water: 58.9g
  • Calcium: 27.2mg
  • Iron: 0.5mg
  • Magnesium: 8.6mg
  • Potassium: 169mg
  • Phosphorus: 24.6mg
  • Vitamin A (retinol): 894 micrograms
  • Vitamin B1 (thiamine): 0.03mg
  • Vitamin B2 (riboflavin): 0.03mg
  • Vitamin B3 (niacin): 0.4mg
  • Vitamin B6 (pyridoxine): 0.10mg
  • Vitamin C (ascorbic acid): 4mg
  • Vitamin E (tocopherol): 0.3mg

Among all these nutrients, its vitamin A content stands out compared to other foods. A medium-sized carrot satisfies 89% of the daily requirement for this vitamin.

The carrot is distinguished by containing carotenoids , which are substances that are transformed into vitamin A:

  • Alpha-carotene: 2,895 micrograms are found per 100 grams of edible portion.
  • Beta-carotene: it is the most abundant. There are 6,628 micrograms per 100 grams of edible portion.
  • Lutein: This carotenoid is not converted into vitamin A. 288 micrograms are found per 100 grams of edible portion.

Improve the sense of sight

Due to its high content of vitamin A (retinol), carrots participate in eye health in the following ways:

  • Increase visual acuity
  • Increase night vision
  • Synthesize rhodopsin, a light-sensitive pigment that keeps the conjunctiva and cornea in good condition, preventing night blindness.

In diabetic patients, the abundant consumption of carrots is recommended, due to its high content of antioxidants, substances that help prevent damage caused to the blood vessels of the eyes.

Treat skin problems

Freshly extracted carrot juice poultices are used to treat skin problems such as:

  • Persistent acne
  • Wound infections
  • Eczema
  • Ulcers
  • Abscesses
  • Burns

Cosmetic effects

The facial mask prepared with the juice or fresh carrot pulp has cosmetic effects such as:

  • Soothing the epidermis
  • Toning the epidermis
  • Tan reinforcement
  • Tan conservator

You can even make a carrot-based bronzer, which has:

  • 2 tablespoons olive oil
  • 125mL of carrot juice
  • 2 tablespoons lemon juice

This bronzer should be kept in a dark bottle and without air entering it, so that it does not lose its properties.

Carrot juice serves as a tanning agent.

Reduce appetite

Because it contains a significant amount of fiber, the carrot can be consumed to eliminate the anxiety of eating, and achieve a feeling of fullness while meal times arrive.

For a more pleasant experience in its consumption, it can be added to green juices or salads , which are light and low-calorie foods, but which will maintain the appetite in a suitable regime and will remove from the person the thoughts related to eating, while carrying out their activities. daily.

Fight fatigue and headaches

Carrot is an ideal food to combat spring fatigue and any state of physical exhaustion without apparent cause. To take advantage of this benefit, different presentations are recommended:

  • Raw carrot, in abundance
  • A juice that includes: four carrots, an apple and a handful of fresh ginger; everything in the blender and serve. This juice is also a great support against migraines.

Treat diarrhea

Carrot, as an edible root, is recognized as a moderate antidiarrheal and as a good agent to combat colitis. This thanks to the fact that it contains pectin . Its benefits in the digestive system are:

  • It is a stomach calmer
  • It is 88% water, which facilitates the decomposition reaction of food
  • Regulates intestinal functioning, both in diarrhea and constipation

To treat diarrhea you can prepare a home remedy, following these steps:

  • Mix half a kilogram of carrots in a liter of water
  • This mixture is boiled between 20 and 30 minutes
  • The boiled mixture is crushed
  • As water has evaporated during the boil, more water is added to make up the liter again
  • Add a teaspoon of salt
  • While diarrhea is present, this food is taken for two or three days .

Eliminate intestinal parasites

Carrot is an effective dewormer , that is, an agent to eliminate and expel intestinal parasites that have the shape of a worm or worm .

To take advantage of this carrot action, there are two main options:

  • Eat two carrots a day, for a week
  • Eat grated raw carrot, between half a kilo and a kilo for 24 hours

Tips for eating carrot

Next, we give you a series of tips that will allow you to make the best use of the carrot’s properties:

  • Choose carrots that have a darker color . This indicates that it contains more carotenoids, such as alpha-carotene and beta-carotene, substances that will be transformed into vitamin A and will boost your visual health.
  • Eat it raw, preferably. Include it in fresh juices and salads. If you cook it, don’t worry: the beta-carotene remains intact.
  • It is best to remove the upper leaves of the carrot, since they absorb water from the root to preserve themselves, drying out the interior of the carrot.
  • To preserve their moisture and vitamin composition, carrots can be stored in the refrigerator for one to two weeks. If it is in the freezer, the better, because its decomposition is delayed even more.


Samantha Robson
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Dr. Samantha Robson ( CRN: 0510146-5) is a nutritionist and website content reviewer related to her area of ​​expertise. With a postgraduate degree in Nutrition from The University of Arizona, she is a specialist in Sports Nutrition from Oxford University and is also a member of the International Society of Sports Nutrition.

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