The Biotin is a vitamin belonging to the group called vitamin B complex . It is also called vitamin H and vitamin B8 . It is water soluble, that is, it can be dissolved in water, and it is also soluble in alcohol. It is not decomposed or chemically altered by boiling foods that contain it, such as egg yolks, organ meats, meats, and some seeds and plants.Biotin was discovered in the middle of the 20th century by the scientists Kogl and Tonnis, who after long experimentation managed to isolate it from the egg yolk (this is the one that contains biotin in the highest proportion). This vitamin owes its name to the Greek word ” bios “, which means “life”, since its functions in the body are important for the sustenance of life.Its chemical activity supports the transformation of complex carbohydrates and some lipids into glucose . Biotin is not properly stored by the body, but it is synthesized by intestinal bacteria, allowing it to be absorbed mostly by the intestines.

What is biotin for?

The main function of biotin in the mammalian organism is to support good cell reproduction , since when it binds to the amino acid lysine, bioticin emerges as a product , which is a coenzyme that helps carry and remove carbon dioxide from the cells. other enzymes, favoring the rapidity of biochemical processes.

A large number of foods contain biotin, especially egg yolk . Egg white, on the other hand, contains a substance called avidin , which is antagonistic to biotin and does not allow it to be absorbed by the intestines. For this reason, it is recommended to consume cooked egg white , since being raw it neutralizes the action of biotin .

Biotin is used to:

  • Favor biological processes
  • Support the well-being of the body
  • Improve skin, hair and nails
  • Treat type II diabetes
  • Repair muscles and tissues

Favor biological processes

Biotin participates in the reaction mechanisms of metabolism and in relevant processes of the body. Among them are:

  • Fatty acid metabolism
  • Glucose production
  • Carbon dioxide transport through the body
  • Helps reduce insulin resistance
  • Prevents deformations in pregnancy
  • Helps in the formation of hemoglobin
  • Production of healthy cells

Support the well-being of the body

Biotin participates in the body’s regeneration and well-being processes, among which are:

  • Improve the health and appearance of hair
  • Improve brittle nails
  • Treat chronic fatigue
  • Reduce muscle aches
  • Counteract seborrheic dermatitis
  • Prevent mild baldness problems
  • Treat mild depression
  • Lower stress levels
  • Reduce diabetic neuropathy

Improve skin, hair and nails

Biotin is also called Vitamin H or Vitamin B8.

Currently the most popular uses of biotin are in food products and supplements to improve skin and nails and prevent hair loss. Biotin is involved in tissue formation and cell repair.

Therefore, it is used both topically in shampoos, creams and masks, to achieve effects such as:

  • Reduce mild baldness
  • Soften the skin
  • Strengthen nails

In treatments against hair loss, doses of up to 5000 micrograms are used, without it having been proven that this amount makes any difference, since being a water-soluble vitamin, the surplus is excreted in the urine and feces.

Treat type II diabetes

Biotin intake is linked to lower insulin resistance , which helps patients boost blood glucose regulation and thus achieve control of their disease.

Although biotin is involved in the formation of glucose, it does not significantly raise glucose levels in patients, but, on the contrary, helps them to take advantage of it as energy. Another advantage of biotin is that it reduces neuropathic pain and mental problems characteristic of diabetes, such as:

  • Mild depression
  • Stress
  • Irritability

Repair muscles and tissues

By transforming itself into the coenzyme avidin , biotin intervenes in the homeostasis of the body; this results in better cell repair. For this reason, muscles, tissues and organs are strengthened in the structural aspect.

The homeostasis is defined as the equilibrium state of the body . In addition to the optimal quality of the tissues, it seeks to regulate body temperature and release excess substances from the body.

Can I take biotin without a prescription?

Biotin helps control hair loss.

Biotin as a nutritional supplement can be purchased without a prescription, and there are generally no drug interactions. However, it is not advisable to take it together with pantothenic acid, since they use the same type of absorption mechanism and are in opposition.

As it is a water-soluble vitamin, excess biotin is discharged through urine and feces. Therefore, no incidents of overdose of this vitamin are reported. Generally, the appropriate daily doses are:

  • 30 micrograms for adults and pregnant women
  • 7 micrograms for babies under one year of age
  • Between 12 and 25 micrograms for children 4 to 14 years old

Each dose must be monitored by a doctor .

Although biotin deficiency is rare, there are cases where a diet rich in raw egg white has caused a decrease in this vitamin. When you have a low diet, both in animal proteins and in fruits and vegetables that contain it, there is also a probability of biotin decompensation.

In cases where this vitamin is lacking, common symptoms are:

  • Slight depression
  • Chronic fatigue
  • Hair loss
  • Brittle nails
  • Aged or wrinkled skin
  • Anemia
  • Signs of mental disorders

This is an informational article and is not intended to serve as a substitute for professional medical opinion. Consult a doctor.

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