The beet is an edible tuber belonging to the Amaranthaceae family to which amaranth, chard and spinach also belong. Beets are also known as beets, beets, and white chard.Beets are grown mainly for food purposes , since practically the entire plant is edible, but of the beta vulgaris variety, what is most consumed is the tuber, which is rounded and generally of red, purple and occasionally white and orange tones.

The origin of the beet plant is from North Africa and the Mediterranean , as this plant originally grew in maritime areas, which is why one of its names is maritime chard, as it grew naturally in areas near the sea. Currently, beets are highly cultivated and harvested all over the world, where they are used as vegetables for human and animal nutrition.

The beet has been used for centuries as part of the vegetables for food, especially the variety of sugar beet is used for sugar mills, since sugar is extracted from it in much of Europe, Asia and Africa.

The most common beet is called beta vulgaris , which is an intense red or purple tuber, which is widely used in traditional Russian food, in some salads, and as a food coloring. The beet leaves in some regions are used as a vegetable, but in general the most appreciated are the tubers, which are rich in sugars, pectins, flavonoids, and other antioxidants that make them healthy and nutritious.

Beets or red beets are rich in a substance called betanin, also called E-162 or red beet, which is responsible for giving the red color to tubers, and is used in gastronomy to give foods such as jellies, drinks red color and desserts. Betanin also has positive effects on health, as it helps to increase kidney activity, helping to dispose of toxins more easily, which results in a better loss of body fat.

What is beet for in daily life?

Beets in many functions but the most important of them is as food, both for humans and animals. Beets or beets are widely used in sugar mills to extract sugar, molasses and other products such as food coloring. These colorants are also used in the manufacture of paints and pharmaceutical products.

Here are some of the things beets are good for:

  • Salads
  • Salsas
  • Soups
  • Cakes
  • Juices
  • Drinks
  • Mashed potatoes
  • Stews
  • Desserts
  • Spirits
  • Food coloring
  • Shakes
  • Paints pigment
  • Naturopathic extracts
  • Fight anemia
  • Fight hypertension
  • Fight constipation
  • Lose weight
  • Anti-inflammatory
  • Detoxify
  • Rejuvenate the skin
  • Improve circulation
  • Dye the hair
  • Blush and blush
  • Hydrate
  • Improve cellular health 

Beets in foods, beverages, and as a food coloring :

The most common use of beets is as an edible vegetable, the whole plant is edible but its tubers are the most appreciated part. The flavor of the beet, the soft and somewhat sweet, is very similar to turnip and carrots but juicier and fresher, so it can be easily adapted to sweet and savory dishes, such as Borsch than that traditional Russian dish and whose ingredient main is beets. Many sweet and savory salads are made from beets and carrots such as winegret and Christmas beet salad. Some desserts, such as red velvet cake, originally had beets as a natural coloring, currently they use both artificial coloring and beet extract. There are also jams, cakes and beet candies, in which the main ingredient is beet puree.

Beets serve as an antioxidant, mineralizer, and antianemic :

Beets have a good amount of minerals, vitamins and antioxidants, so it is very useful to regulate the deficiencies of some minerals such as iron, potassium, sodium, magnesium, phosphorus, sulfur, zinc, copper and calcium. Due to its iron content, it is very useful to treat deficiencies of this mineral, such as those caused by anemia, blood loss or leukemia, but it should be clarified that it does not cure anemia by itself.

Due to its potassium content, it is useful to reduce inflammation of the body and prevent fluid retention.

Beets are rich in vitamins, such as A, B1, B2, B3, folic acid, vitamin E and vitamin K, but above all it has vitamin C, which has healing properties, antioxidants and especially for growth and health mobile.

The fame of beet detoxifying food is due to its antioxidants, which help purify the liver and kidneys, among the most important antioxidants are flavonoids, betaine and betalain, which help the liver to purify toxins and prevent problems fatty liver.

Beets are used in cases of high blood pressure, cancer and overweight:

The beet juice undergoes a transformation upon reaching the stomach, as it transforms into nitric oxide on contact with nitric acid. Nitric oxide, according to various studies, helps expand venous walls and lower blood pressure, so hypertensive patients can benefit from including this food.

The antioxidants in beets in particular betacyanin are believed to help prevent cancer, as studies have shown to decrease the size of tumors, especially in cases of breast cancer and prostate cancer.

Many people use beets to help them lose weight, because being high in fiber and low in carbohydrates and fat helps to keep the appetite satiated for longer, in addition to helping the liver to purify toxins and be easier than the body metabolize stored fats.

Can eating beets cause side effects?

Yes, due to its high level of oxalic acid, beets can worsen conditions such as kidney stones, gallstones and some other problems because these stones are generally made up of calcium oxalate, and consuming more oxalic acid increases the stones. But these conditions only happen if the consumption of beets is exceeded, especially in juice, as a balanced consumption is not harmful.

Some people with pancreatic, kidney or liver problems can make their conditions worse by ingesting too much beets, as some minerals from beets can accumulate, especially metals.

Other side effects of beets are the reddish coloration of feces and urine, which can scare people who do not usually eat this tuber. This is due to the fact that the betanin that gives the tuber its red color is not digested by the body, and passes through the digestive and urinary systems intact, so the waste is stained red or purple.

In general, pregnant women and children can eat beets, but it is recommended that it be under the supervision of a doctor.

This article is for educational purposes only and is not intended as a substitute for professional medical opinion.


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Dr. Samantha Robson ( CRN: 0510146-5) is a nutritionist and website content reviewer related to her area of ​​expertise. With a postgraduate degree in Nutrition from The University of Arizona, she is a specialist in Sports Nutrition from Oxford University and is also a member of the International Society of Sports Nutrition.

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