Aspirin is the brand name of the medicine that contains acetylsalicylic acid as an active component. It is one of the most widely used non-steroidal drugs, as an analgesic and anti-inflammatory , and is used to treat most mild to medium ailments , such as headaches, muscle aches and the so-called “cut body” during the flu.The acetylsalicylic acid is obtained from white willow, first as its raw material, salicylaldehyde ; This will be subjected to a process of oxidation and hydrolysis, in which it will become salicylic acid , which appears as crystals. In the laboratory, acetic anhydride is added to salicylic acid, which will add the acetyl group in the synthesis mechanism.

Aspirin or acetylsalicylic acid works by inhibiting prostaglandins , which are substances that intervene in the regulation of different body functions, such as blood pressure, inflammation, blood clotting and the body’s response such as pain. In addition, it acts as an antipyretic , reducing fever in low or therapeutic doses.

What is aspirin for?

Aspirin, which is generally marketed as tablets, is used to:

  • Soothe mild to moderate pain
  • Decrease fever
  • Prevent internal conditions in the body
  • Treat skin conditions

Soothe mild to moderate pain

The most widespread use of aspirin is to calm muscle and joint discomfort, since by inhibiting the action of prostaglandins and thromboxanes, it reduces inflammation and helps prevent blood clotting , preventing thrombi and clots.

This drug deflates tissues swollen from minor bumps, bruises, illnesses, and accidental sprains.

Aspirin is used to relieve pain such as:

  • Mild joint pain
  • Toothache
  • Ligament sprained pain
  • Torticollis pain
  • Headache or headache
  • Mild rheumatoid arthritis pain
  • Mild pain from osteoarthritis
  • Angina pectoris
  • Pain in bruises
  • Mild menstrual cramps

Decrease fever

Aspirin is used to reduce fever and relieve pain.

Another function of aspirin is as an antipyretic or fever reducer, thanks to the fact that it also inhibits cyclooxygenase (COX) and interleukin-1 , which are chemical substances that are generated in cases of stress, injuries and illnesses, and affect the system. highly strung.

In addition, they cause an increase in body temperature to counteract the presence of infectious microorganisms. Thanks to aspirin, it is possible to maintain the temperature at an acceptable level , without reaching a dangerous overheating condition in the body.

Prevent internal conditions in the body

Acetylsalicylic acid helps to lower the levels of urea in the kidneys and to eliminate it in the urine. Therefore, this drug is used in cases where urea is high.

In addition, aspirin is used periodically to prevent cases of pre-infarction and heart attacks in the myocardium, preventing future clots that obstruct blood circulation.

Aspirin, in addition to slowing down the production of prostaglandins, inhibits substances such as thromboxanes, which help the body to form clots and close broken arteries. This drug’s main function is that of a vasoconstrictor, allowing deflamation and also the free flow of blood.

In general, internally in the body, aspirin serves to prevent:

  • Acute myocardial infarction
  • Cardiac preinfarctions
  • Angina pectoris
  • Thromboembolism
  • Cerebrovascular diseases
  • Transient ischemic attacks
  • Venous thrombosis
  • Pulmonary embolism
  • Gout attacks
  • Risky blood clotting
  • Uric acid build-up
  • Neurological conditions

Treat skin conditions

Acetylsalicylic acid, the active ingredient in aspirin, when chemically activated in the body, produces acetic acid, which has multiple uses in medicine, particularly in cosmetics and dermatology.

In addition, white willow , the raw material for extracting salicylaldehyde (the main reagent for creating aspirin) has by itself beneficial properties for the skin, especially in problems such as acne, scars and blemishes.

For this reason, many creams and treatments contain acetylsalicylic acid and salicylic acid. At home, many people use masks and plasters made from crushed aspirin pills mixed with diluents.

The skin conditions in which aspirin is helpful are:

  • Acne
  • Redness
  • Slight stains
  • Wrinkles
  • Inflammation
  • Scars
  • Irritation
  • Psoriasis
  • calluses
  • Warts

Aspirin contraindications

The most popular aspirins are produced by Bayer laboratories.

Aspirin does not require a prescription for sale in tablet form; however, for presentations such as suppositories, intravenous injections, and intramuscular injections, a prescription is more likely to be required, as acetylsalicylic acid is activated more rapidly in these forms.

Aspirin is a safe medicine, as long as the doses are respected and there are no excesses in its consumption. Avoid administering it to people such as:

  • Patients with liver problems , because if the liver does not dispose of drug residues well, poisoning is likely.
  • Patients with kidney problems , because if the kidneys do not adequately filter the products of the drug, poisoning is also likely.
  • Pregnant and lactating women . The use of aspirin is reduced or avoided in the days before delivery, due to bleeding that could affect both the baby and the mother.
  • Infants with flu or viral diseases , as it can cause Reye’s syndrome, which results in encephalopathy, a serious disease.
  • Hemophilia patients , which is the inability of the body to clot blood, causing uncontrollable bleeding. Aspirin is also not recommended when taking anticoagulants, unless directed by the doctor.

Aspirin Side Effects

Aspirin side effects can occur in two main circumstances:

  • When the patient has a condition and does not take care of the contraindications
  • When aspirin is consumed in excess

The negative effects that occur are:

  • A sharp rise in body temperature
  • Internal hemorrhages
  • Allergies
  • Peptic ulcer
  • Úlcera duodenal
  • Bleeding in mothers and babies during childbirth
  • Bleeding during menstruation
  • Nephritis
  • Arterial diseases
  • Threw up
  • Bloody diarrhea
  • Stomach bleeding
  • Hepatotoxicidad
  • Spills

Aspirin tablets should not be taken in excess, as they could even cause a coma; this for the damage to the medulla oblongata.

This is an informational article and is not a substitute for professional medical opinion. Consult a doctor.

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Dr. Samantha Robson ( CRN: 0510146-5) is a nutritionist and website content reviewer related to her area of ​​expertise. With a postgraduate degree in Nutrition from The University of Arizona, she is a specialist in Sports Nutrition from Oxford University and is also a member of the International Society of Sports Nutrition.

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