The quotation marks are punctuation marks to be placed correctly, they put the beginning and at the end of a word or a phrase. Usually represented with “”, they can indicate different situations such as: that the reader must pay specific attention to the words enclosed by quotation marks, or that these words have been said by someone else , as is.According to the Pan-Hispanic Dictionary of Doubts, there are three types of quotation marks:

  • The Latin or Spanish quotation marks, or elbow («»)
  • Double or English quotation marks (“”)
  • Single quotes (”)

The Latin quotes are the ones to be used in the first instance. Double or English quotation marks , and single quotation marks , are included when it is necessary to highlight a part of a text that is already in quotation marks. In this type of text, a hierarchy must be followed, so that priority is given to Latin («»), then doubles (“”) and at the end the simple ones (”).

What are quotation marks for?

Quotation marks are used to mark certain parts of a text , such as:

  • Verbatim quotes
  • The thinking of the characters in a literary work
  • Words and expressions used with a special meaning (such as sarcasm or irony)
  • Citations from scientific and professional publications
  • Words and phrases outside of everyday language
  • The nickname or nickname that accompanies a name
  • A word that is interspersed with metalinguistic value
  • The meaning of a word or phrase
  • Appointments that are included within other appointments

Verbatim quotes

Quotes are enclosed in quotation marks and indicate exactly what is said in a text or in a person’s speech. For example: The judge, before getting up, said: “The s

The thinking of the characters in a literary work

The quotation marks highlight what a character has in his mind at a certain moment: “So they are plotting something behind my back …” thought the detective.

Words and expressions used with a special meaning

Generally, expressions used for sarcasm and irony are enclosed in quotation marks. For example: The young man was characterized by being “very eloquent.” This indicates, by sarcasm, that the young man in question was then very clumsy to communicate.

Citations from scientific and professional publications

The quotation marks are used to quote chapter titles, articles included in magazines, books and newspapers, poems, stories, songs, films, conferences or any part added in a publication. For example: The reading circle is reading “The Battle of Hogwarts” in Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows . The name of the chapter is enclosed in quotation marks, and the name of the complete work is italicized. Quotation marks are not used in the title of the main work .

Words and phrases outside of everyday language

The quotation marks are used to highlight neologisms , barbarisms , vulgar terms or expressions and foreign words , or those to which a meaning different from the usual is assigned. They are used to indicate that it is not a mistake, but an intentional choice, which can have psychological and social connotations.

For example: “e-mail” means “email”, “feedback” means “feedback”.

The nickname or nickname that accompanies a name

When people are known by another very distinctive name, the alias is enclosed in quotation marks. For example: Hansel “The witch hunter” came to visit the village.

A word that is interspersed with metalinguistic value

The quotation marks enclose words that do not necessarily act in the statement, but are taken as separate elements. For example: I was looking in the dictionary for another word, instead of “eat.” If the quotation marks were not used, it would be understood that the person is distracted in the dictionary instead of taking their food. With the quotation marks, you already know that I was going through the pages looking for a word other than the word eat.

The meaning of a word or phrase

Quotation marks are used to enclose the meaning of a word or phrase. Quote hierarchies are used here. The doubles are used to indicate the word or phrase, and the singles are placed to the meaning, which is just like a sublevel of that text. For example: He found the true meaning of “gate” (‘Flat plate that limits or regulates the passage of a substance towards a dam’).

Appointments that are included within other appointments

When a quote is made with double quotes and within it there is another reference that includes quotes, the single quotes will be used in this second one. For example: The priest read: “He got up and told them: ‘this is my body and my blood’ and invited them to eat.”

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Dr. Samantha Robson ( CRN: 0510146-5) is a nutritionist and website content reviewer related to her area of ​​expertise. With a postgraduate degree in Nutrition from The University of Arizona, she is a specialist in Sports Nutrition from Oxford University and is also a member of the International Society of Sports Nutrition.

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