massage is the manual, gentle and repetitive application of pressure and rubbing on certain areas of the body that accumulate muscle tension. For this, a multitude of reflexology techniques and physiotherapy knowledge are followed , to achieve relaxation in the worked areas as a result.Massages have accompanied humanity since ancient times, beginning as a way of socialization among hominids. Later, as the historical record establishes, about 4000 years ago the Sumerian and Akkadian peoples of ancient Mesopotamia used it, naming it with the word ” Mushu´u “, which was transformed into “massage” in modern Spanish.In ancient India and Greece they already had knowledge of massage techniques. The Greek Hippocrates, father of medicine, describes it as “ anatrypsis ”, which is equivalent to “rubbing”, and it was also called “ masso ”, which translates as “kneading”, a term from which “massage” was derived.

What are massages for?

Massages are classified according to the purpose and scope they serve:

  • Relax massage
  • Therapeutic massage
  • Sport massage
  • Rehabilitation massage
  • Reiki massage
  • Aesthetic massage

The massages are used to:

Relax massage

If it’s about eliminating stress, this massage focuses on rubbing and pressing points on muscles such as the trapezius, sternocleidomastoid, and those that make up the back, such as the lats and lumbar muscles.

It can be full-body, also concentrating on legs, calves and feet, with the support of oils and essences, accompanying the massage with aromas for an extensive result on the body.

Therapeutic massage serves to heal injuries

Therapeutic or medical massage is used in patients who, by accident or injury, have stopped using some muscles in extremities such as legs or arms.

It is used frequently in patients with cerebral palsy or embolism. Its purpose is to get the muscles and joints to begin to perform movements , in a gradual and controlled manner.

The difference with the rehabilitation massage is that, in the therapeutic massage, the patient has a condition in which it is not possible to regain full and fluid movement.

Sports massage to help the athlete

Sports massage, serves to return the muscles to their maximum capacity

It is based on stretching and brief impacts on the muscles, in order to distribute the lactic acid produced in the great efforts of the muscle fibers. Improves circulation and optimizes the athlete’s rest.

Its purpose is also to prevent injuries and help muscle tissue to be prepared for future sessions of intense exercise.

Massages are used to rehabilitate

Its execution is only authorized to professional physiotherapists . It is indicated for patients who suffer from ailments while recovering mobility in an extremity, who have undergone surgery or who have suffered an injury.

It is essential to follow up the rehabilitation massage so that the patient recovers in a more physically bearable way.

Reiki massage

This massage applies the Japanese Reiki technique, focused on the transmission of energy or “ki” to balance it throughout the body. If done well, Reiki massage is capable of relieving pain, fighting fatigue, and reducing stress.

It has a therapeutic use, and if it is used constantly, there is a feeling of harmony in the spirit.

Aesthetic massage

The aesthetic massage requires a peculiar application of effort, in areas where there is adipose accumulation. If done regularly, over a period of months it will tone the muscles to achieve a smooth appearance on the skin, reduced in sagging and wrinkles.

Special types of massage

Relaxation massage

Massages have a very diverse market in meeting very specific therapeutic needs of patients. They are offered in Spa services and specialized clinics.

Among them are:

  • Swedish massage
  • Thai massage
  • Chocolate therapy with massage
  • Massage for pregnant women
  • Tantric massage
  • Shiatzu massage
  • Lymphatic massage
  • Anti-cellulite massage
  • Chiromassage
  • Baby massage

Samantha Robson
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Dr. Samantha Robson ( CRN: 0510146-5) is a nutritionist and website content reviewer related to her area of ​​expertise. With a postgraduate degree in Nutrition from The University of Arizona, she is a specialist in Sports Nutrition from Oxford University and is also a member of the International Society of Sports Nutrition.

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