The emotions are processes that are activated in humans when it detects a situation that unbalances , which can be either a positive event or a danger or threat. This encourages the use of available resources to control the situation. Emotions are mechanisms that help to react quickly to unexpected events and to act.Emotions are typical of humanity; They are classified as positive and negative according to their contribution to well-being or discomfort, but all of them fulfill important functions for life and its conservation. Each emotion prepares the body for a different kind of response, such as fear, for example, which increases the pulse and sends more blood to the muscles to prepare them for a flight.

What are emotions for?

According to the experiences they have had previously, each person will experience an emotion in a particular way . This also depends on your learning and the situation as it is. Some of the physiological and behavioral reactions that trigger emotions come from birth, while others can be acquired over time.

Other reactions are learned by directly living the experience, such as fear or anger, but most of the time it is learned by observing the people around us. Here, of course, the importance of parents and teachers being present as role models to children is highlighted.

Emotions serve to:

  • Relate to reality
  • React to events that happen
  • To function adequately in society
  • Respond according to external stimuli
  • Complement our survival instinct
  • Interact with circumstances to better address them

All emotions are right. There is no such thing as a good or bad emotion. Emotions are characterized by being energy, so the only negative energy is the one that is not emitted and remains stagnant. Therefore, it is necessary to express the negative emotions that are still there, and that can trigger big problems.

What are the emotions?

All emotions are grouped into six large groups:

  • Afraid
  • Surprise
  • Aversion
  • Ira
  • Happiness
  • Sadness

The fear is an emotion that anticipates a threat or danger, whether real or imaginary, which produces anxiety, uncertainty and insecurity. It serves to get us away from that danger and act cautiously, in order to keep us safe, both psychologically and physically.

The surprise is a shock, amazement or puzzlement transient cognitive approach allows to know what is happening. It serves to guide us, know what to do in a new situation and act taking the necessary resources from our mind.

The aversion is a disgust for what lies ahead. It happens, for example, when we are faced with an unknown dish with ingredients that we dislike. This emotion causes us rejection and the first reaction we have is to walk away.

The anger is the emotion that makes us rage and anger, that appear when things do not go the way we want or feel harassed by someone or something. Anger is adaptive when it prompts you to do something to solve a problem or turn a difficult situation around. When improperly externalized, it can be accompanied by risks of maladjustment.

The joy is the feeling of comfort and security we perceive when we get some desire fulfilled is made or we see an illusion. This emotion induces us towards reproduction, that is, the desire to generate again that event that makes us feel good.

The sadness is the emotion that produces grief, loneliness and pessimism about the loss of something or someone important disappointed. Its function is to motivate us to ask for help, and later lead us towards personal reintegration.

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Dr. Samantha Robson ( CRN: 0510146-5) is a nutritionist and website content reviewer related to her area of ​​expertise. With a postgraduate degree in Nutrition from The University of Arizona, she is a specialist in Sports Nutrition from Oxford University and is also a member of the International Society of Sports Nutrition.

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