Synoptic tables or charts are a fundamental resource for study or teaching, since they allow synthesizing information in each column of the table, comparing, for example, different vegetation units at the same time. A synoptic relay is essentially the same as a normal relay, but without secondary information (ecology, structure, …). At Quercus, the synoptic inventories maintain a list of original relevé codes that were used to construct them.

Synoptic table – What is it

It is a widely used technique to organize knowledge content in a simple, logical and condensed way. It is used mainly in the educational field as a teaching tool but it can also be very useful in the professional or work environment by allowing the organization of ideas or concepts that later materialize in productive projects.

This makes it possible to build partitions from synoptic tables. Taxon entry values ​​in a synoptic table are presented in percentage format, that is, the proportion of original relays in the given synoptic relay where the given taxon entry was present. These proportions can be shown as percentages or classes (in Roman numerals) but their meaning remains the same.

Synoptic table – How to do it

The construction of a synoptic table begins with the general review of the topic, which will allow identifying which are the main ideas, secondary ideas and the relevant data in this phase it is important to carry out a good analysis and classification of the ideas, the next step is to create the structure of the synoptic table itself, putting the general idea on the left and then the main ideas, identifying them with one or two words each.

The Synoptic with the Work Table are similar in relation to the functions they have. Allows you to reorder rows and columns, filter entries, display taxa lists. Some of the differences are listed below:

  • Synoptic relays are generated from the Work Table Editor and pasted into the Synoptic Table Editor.
  • Exporting a summary table for analysis does not require the Braun-Blanquet scale transformation.
  • You cannot generate a synoptic table from a table that is already synoptic.
  • The Work Table Editor plotting options are not available in Synoptic Table Editor.
  • Synoptic tables can be merged to become a new synoptic column.

The synthesis of a text (book, article, among others) consists of reproducing what the author expressed more broadly. In this way, only the main points addressed by the author are considered, dispensing with everything that is secondary.

Synoptic table – What is it for?

To create a synoptic table, the subtopics that make up our subject of study must be identified, also their variables, relationships and any details that could be important for a better description and schematization must be identified. The proper ranking can be achieved by identifying keywords or brief concepts and from this point the synoptic table will begin to expand.

To produce a good synthesis it is necessary to understand the original text, to be able to write a new text that highlights only the main ideals. For this you need to use some techniques, take a look at our tips:

  • Underline the most important fragments of the text being synthesized and write them down.
  • From the annotated extracts, extract only the points (keywords) that will be reported in the synthesis.
  • Enter your synthesis, present the topic, author and state factors pertinent to the original text, that is, your main points.
  • The order of events need not be the same as the original text, but must be related and have a certain order – and, of course, without altering the author’s reasoning. It is recommended that fragments of the text not be copied, but parts essential to the reader’s understanding can be cited, but remember: it is a synthesis.

Generally the synoptic tables are presented by means of braces and take the form of diagrams but the braces are not necessary, it can simply be a hierarchical diagram with the elements clearly delimited.

Try to maintain the same level of language used by the author, clearly and objectively. It is not necessary to do more detailed analysis of the content, it is only necessary to synthesize it.

Synoptic table – Characteristics

A synoptic table – also known as a table synthesis – is a form of visual expression of ideas or texts that communicate the logical structure of information. They are strategies to organize content in a simple and condensed way.

It is simply a point of view; often, and particularly in technical situations, this point of view is considered “irrelevant” or “biased” because it makes an implicit reference to a non-objective way of looking at a situation or idea.

But a framework – although certainly subjective and often biased – is of critical use for the designer, since it is something that is formed on the long-term aggregation of thoughts and experiences, and therefore it is a broader way of seeing the world. and the situations that occur in it. Like a point of view, a framework will change too, but it will change in the long term and not in the short term.

They are used to study a topic, since their main function is to contrast, that is, to find similarities and differences. In general, the topic is decided to be located on the left side, with complementary ideas. They allow to represent the global structure of the subject, theory or ideas studied, as well as its multiple elements, details, contrasts and relationships, it is a way of expressing and organizing ideas.

Samantha Robson
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Dr. Samantha Robson ( CRN: 0510146-5) is a nutritionist and website content reviewer related to her area of ​​expertise. With a postgraduate degree in Nutrition from The University of Arizona, she is a specialist in Sports Nutrition from Oxford University and is also a member of the International Society of Sports Nutrition.

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