Hello readers! This time we decided to bring you a brief explanation about the antibiotics Sulfamethoxazole and Trimethoprim so that you can learn about their properties, their benefits, their side effects, and take the necessary precautions if you want to ingest them. Do not forget to share the article on your social networks so that your friends can find out about them and learn what they are for.

Properties and benefits of Sulfamethoxazole and Trimethoprim

Sulfamethoxazole and trimethoprim are antibiotics used to treat a wide variety of bacterial infections (such as middle ear, urine, respiratory, and intestinal infections). They are also used to prevent and treat a certain type of pneumonia (pneumocystis type).

This medicine should not be used in children younger than 2 months of age due to the risk of serious side effects. This medicine only treats certain types of infections, so it will not work for viral infections (such as the flu). Unnecessary use or misuse of any antibiotic can lead to a decrease in its effectiveness.

How to use Sulfamethoxazole-Trimethoprim (final dose form)

Shake the medicine well before each dose. Carefully measure the dose with a special measuring device / spoon. Do not use a household spoon because you may not get the correct dose. Take this medication by mouth as directed by your doctor with a full glass of water (8 ounces / 240 milliliters). If stomach upset occurs, take it with food or milk. Drink plenty of fluids while taking this medicine to reduce the unlikely risk of kidney stone formation, unless your doctor tells you otherwise. The dose is based on your medical condition and response to treatment.

For the best effect, take this antibiotic at regular intervals. To help you remember, take this medicine at the same time every day. Continue taking this medication until the prescribed amount is completed, even if the symptoms disappear after a few days. Stopping it too soon can allow bacteria to continue growing, which can lead to a relapse of the infection. Tell your doctor if your condition persists or worsens.

Side Effects of Sulfamethoxazole and Trimethoprim

It can cause nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and loss of appetite. If any of these effects persist or get worse, tell your doctor or pharmacist immediately. Remember that your doctor has prescribed this medicine for you because he has judged that the benefit to you outweighs the risk of side effects. Many people using this medicine do not have serious side effects.

Tell your doctor right away if you have any serious side effects, including: muscle weakness, mental / mood changes, signs of kidney problems (such as change in the amount of urine, blood in the urine), extreme drowsiness, signs of low blood sugar (such as sudden sweating, shaking, fast heartbeat, hunger, blurred vision, dizziness or tingling in the hands / feet).

Get medical attention right away if you have very serious side effects, including: persistent headache, stiff neck, seizures, slow / irregular heartbeat.

In rare cases, this drug may cause serious (possibly fatal) allergic reactions and other side effects, such as a severe skin rash (such as Stevens-Johnson syndrome), blood disorders (such as agranulocytosis, aplastic anemia), liver or lung damage. . If you notice any of the following, get immediate medical help: rash / blisters, itching / swelling (especially of the face / tongue / throat), persistent sore throat or fever, paleness, joint pain / discomfort, persistent cough , trouble breathing, easy bleeding / bruising, yellow skin or eyes, persistent nausea / vomiting, unusual fatigue, dark urine.

In rare cases, this drug can cause a serious intestinal condition (Clostridium difficile-associated diarrhea) due to a resistant type of bacteria. This condition can occur during treatment or weeks or months after treatment has stopped. Tell your doctor right away if you develop: persistent diarrhea, abdominal or stomach pain / cramps, blood / mucus in your stool.

Precautions to take into account when using Sulfamethoxazole and Trimethoprim

Before taking sulfamethoxazole with trimethoprim, tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are allergic to sulfa drugs or trimethoprim; or if you have any other allergies. This product may contain inactive ingredients, which can cause allergic reactions or other problems. Consult your pharmacist for more details.

Before using this medication, tell your doctor or pharmacist your medical history, especially of: kidney disease, liver disease, certain blood disorders (porphyria, folate vitamin deficiency anemia), history of blood disorders caused by trimethoprim. or sulfa drugs, vitamin deficiency (folate or folic acid), severe allergies, asthma, decreased bone marrow function (bone marrow suppression), certain metabolic disorder (G6PD deficiency), underactive thyroid, mineral imbalances (such as high potassium or low sodium in the blood).

This drug can cause live bacterial vaccines (such as typhoid vaccine) to not work as well. Do not get vaccinated / vaccinated while using this medicine unless your doctor tells you to.

This medicine can make you more sensitive to the sun. Limit your time in the sun. Avoid tanning booths and sunlamps. Wear sunscreen and wear protective clothing when outdoors. Get medical attention right away if you get sunburned or have blisters / redness on your skin.

If you have diabetes, this product can affect your blood sugar level. Check your blood sugar regularly as directed and share the results with your doctor. Tell your doctor right away if you have symptoms of low blood sugar (see Side Effects section). Your doctor may need to adjust your diabetes medicine, exercise program, or diet.

Older adults may be more sensitive to the side effects of this drug, especially skin reactions, blood disorders, easy bleeding / bruising, and high potassium levels in the blood.

Samantha Robson
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Dr. Samantha Robson ( CRN: 0510146-5) is a nutritionist and website content reviewer related to her area of ​​expertise. With a postgraduate degree in Nutrition from The University of Arizona, she is a specialist in Sports Nutrition from Oxford University and is also a member of the International Society of Sports Nutrition.

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