Exfoliants are cosmetic or natural products that serve to accelerate and optimize skin cell renewal, through the elimination of dead cells present in the epidermis. These help us not only to take care of our skin, but also to maintain proper hydration and cleanliness, by getting rid of scales or residues either through physical or chemical action.

They can be used both on the face and on the body, to improve the condition of the superficial skin, since this is where dead cells accumulate. Exfoliants help the skin of our body to regain its flexibility and softness, stimulating microcirculation and cell regeneration. They are also used to remove spots, reduce wrinkles and improve the general appearance of all our skin.

Benefits of scrubs

Both facial and body scrubs provide endless benefits, not only to our aesthetic appearance, but also to the health and well-being of our skin. Here are the most outstanding benefits of exfoliants and the importance of incorporating an exfoliating treatment into your beauty and weekly care routine.

  • They provide cleaning to all our skin. Exfoliants are responsible for extracting impurities from the surface of our skin, effectively dragging waste and dirt. Facial cleansers can fulfill this task, but if we want a deeper cleaning, exfoliating creams are ideal.
  • They act against inflammation, especially products for the face . High-quality exfoliants have the characteristic of helping to reduce inflammation of the skin, especially the one that occurs when we get up, this is because they act inside the skin.
  • They optimize the removal of dead cells, a very important process in any beauty routine. Exfoliants are able to get rid of dead cells that are usually deposited on the face and face, this is something fundamental since they dull the skin and end its natural shine.
  • Provide brighter skin. By using exfoliating products regularly, you will enhance the natural glow of your skin to a great extent, especially on your face. This is a priority process if you plan to use other beauty products.
  • Eliminate stains and unify facial color. Thanks to the preparation of cosmetics with exfoliating components, you can easily remove various shades on your face.
  • Effectively diminish acne scars. Due to the use of specialized exfoliants, if you have recent scars on your skin from this type of condition, exfoliating creams can be very useful in its treatment.
  • They offer a skin that is much softer to the touch. A notable advantage of using scrubs is to enjoy a much smoother face or body almost instantly.

Types of scrubs

It is very important to know the different types of exfoliants that exist, in order to be able to correctly select the one indicated for your skin type.

1. Natural Scrubs

They are composed of organic materials. The purpose of natural exfoliants is to promote the elimination of the horny layer (outermost layer of the epidermis) that is inactive .

The natural extracts included in these scrubs are very small, and sometimes they cannot be seen with the naked eye, but when applied to the skin, small particles can be seen that carry out this cleansing process when massaged on the skin.

Natural scrubs can contain:

  • Plant scraps.
  • Nutshell.
  • Bamboo.
  • Small seeds like flax or poppy.
  • Peach.

2. Mechanical Scrubs

Mechanical scrubs are specially composed with very small and stronger particles, which facilitate the detachment of dead cells when rubbed against the skin with a gentle massage. The mechanical scrub can be more or less aggressive depending on your choice.

The type of material of these scrubs may vary depending on the brand of it. Some may carry:

  • Sea salt.
  • Bamboo.
  • Aluminum Chips.

When using mechanical scrubs, the type of skin must be taken into account, that is, if it is oily, dry, etc. Depending on this, the particles should be more or less large or strong. This condition and description of the skin must be diagnosed by a specialist such as the Dermatologist.

3. Mineral Scrubs

Unlike natural scrubs, mineral scrubs do not contain small bits of organic materials or plant bodies, on the contrary, they are composed only of minerals.

A mineral scrub can have:

  • Silica.
  • Calcium carbonate.
  • Corundum crystals.
  • Gold macroparticles, one of the most expensive, used in the dermabrasion process.

4. Enzyme Scrubs

For enzymatic scrubs to fulfill their function, they must be applied to the skin and allowed to act. They are ideal for sensitive skin, since they do not need to be rubbed using massages like conventional exfoliants.

The enzymatic scrub is responsible for moistening and softening the horny layer of our skin, making it much easier to get rid of all residues. After resting for a few minutes, it will only be enough to remove it with water so that all the dead cells disappear.

The components of an enzymatic scrub can be varied, counting on the attributes of the ferments of:

  • Papaya.
  • Pineapple.
  • Various fruits.

The instructions should be followed to the letter when using this scrub, since caution must be exercised with the time it is kept on the face or body. They offer the advantage of being able to achieve optimal exfoliation without the need to scratch or rub, thus avoiding scratches on the skin.

5. Chemical Scrubs

Chemical scrubs can be found on the market in powder or cream form. They are also often called “chemical peel” although this type of product performs a much stronger exfoliation. So it should generally be done by a professional.

They fulfill a similar function to that used by enzymatic agents, but their use is more widespread, since they are responsible for eliminating the outer layer of the epidermis. The effects of it vary according to their pH level and the chemical of which they are composed.

The most used are alpha hydroxy acids, which come from fruit acid products such as:

  • Citric acid.
  • Lactic acid.
  • Tartaric acid.
  • Glycolic Acid.
  • Malic acid.
  • Ionic Acid.

6. Gommage scrubs

This product comes as an exfoliating cream, which sticks to the surface of the skin. When rubbing the cream, you can see the detachment of small balls that are responsible for dragging the dead cells. Its function is similar to the detachment of the skin in small scales or if traces of glue are removed with the fingertips.

The exfoliating type gomage contain:

  • Cera.
  • Cosmetic rubber that traps on contact.

7. Professional scrubs or chemical peels

These professional exfoliants are also often called ” chemical peels “, which offer an effective method for the elimination of residues using products such as:

  • Phenol.
  • Trichloroacetic acid.

Some substances are usually quite abrasive and active, so it is recommended that their application be carried out only by trained professionals, since not taking the necessary care can cause serious injuries and burns. Its use must be exclusive, since in this type of professional exfoliation the entire epidermal layer is removed.

How to make a face scrub

1. Scrub with oatmeal and yogurt

The necessary ingredients for this mask are almost essential in our kitchen, so it will be easy to do it, so that in this way you can take advantage of the exfoliating properties of the oat flakes to show off a radiant and smooth skin.

For this mask you will only need three ingredients:

  • 1 cup of ground oats.
  • Yogurt or milk.
  • 1 tsp. of sugar for a better effect.

Preparation: Mix these three ingredients until you get a consistent paste. Just apply to the desired site making circular motions. Then remove with plenty of water and give the extra touch of care to your skin by applying a moisturizer.

You can also make a granola scrub by following the same steps. You will only need a little hot milk or warm water to mix it with half a cup of granola. You will achieve a mask with incredible benefits.

How to make a body scrub

The consistency of body scrubs is not the same as that of facial scrubs, since they must have particles that are more effective in removing dead cells accumulated in parts such as legs and arms. If you want to prepare an excellent scrub for the body, you only need the following ingredients:

  • 3 spoonfuls of sugar.
  • Lemon juice.
  • 3 tablespoons olive oil.

Preparation: Mix all the ingredients until you get a homogeneous paste. Apply it making circular movements on arms, legs, back and wherever you want. Then remove with water.

Conclusion on the use of scrubs

The exfoliating products are useful that serve to help optimize the process of eliminating dead cells that accumulate in the superficial layer of the skin, stimulating blood circulation and cell regeneration of the same.

Having an exfoliation routine and applying a granular product to the body and face, with a margin of 2 times a week, provides great aesthetic benefits, as well as an improvement in the well-being of the skin.

We invite you to read this and other interesting topics on our page, and you can leave us your comments and suggestions.

Samantha Robson
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Dr. Samantha Robson ( CRN: 0510146-5) is a nutritionist and website content reviewer related to her area of ​​expertise. With a postgraduate degree in Nutrition from The University of Arizona, she is a specialist in Sports Nutrition from Oxford University and is also a member of the International Society of Sports Nutrition.

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