Psychology is the science that studies human behavior and its relationship with the mind. It serves to reveal the human attitude from the logical and critical point of view based on conjectures and deductions.

Psychology comes from the Greek “psyche” which means soul, and from “lodge” which means study; It was originally derived from ancient philosophy, since in past times it was already a matter of studying the stages of the soul.

Today psychology is a well-known science, and the professionals dedicated to this branch, psychologists, have acquired a good reputation due to the remarkable good results in people who deal with them.

In addition, psychology allows us to organize and give answers to the concerns of humans, and today it is a branch that has even spread to animals to better understand their behaviors, mental processes and much more.

Psychology is currently classified according to different areas of interest, so there are different types of psychology, such as learning, in charge of breaking down the mental processes of students, and medical psychology in charge of studying and improving mental disorders due to other pathologies, such as obesity, anorexia, etc.

Types of psychology and what they are for

Psychology is a fairly broad field that encompasses different areas and branches according to the group of people to be treated or to be reached. That is why psychology professionals often focus on one of these work areas where they can carry out their work and improve the environment. The different types of psychology or areas of this science are:

What is clinical psychology for?

The branch of clinical psychology is used for the study of disorders of the mind. This is responsible for the diagnosis, evaluation, treatment and prevention of mental conditions. For that they are based on conductivist, constructivist theories, among others applicable for their therapies.

Clinical psychology is the area of ​​psychology related to the evaluation and treatment of mental illnesses, abnormal behaviors, and psychiatric problems. This field integrates the science of psychology with the treatment of complex human problems, making it an exciting career option for people looking to work in a challenging and rewarding field.

What is educational psychology for?

Educational psychology is used to analyze the learning of individuals, in what way this learning is carried out and how it can help them to develop as people.

This area of ​​psychology works especially within schools and educational centers. Thus, educational psychology can help create different study plans, develop, create and manage educational centers and models.

What is social psychology for?

Social psychology is used to study the behaviors and thoughts of an individual in society, that is, their relationships with other people in different areas such as work, family, partner, etc. In this way, social psychology looks for patterns of behavior in people who develop in each group of society and how their behavior influences it.

Therefore, social psychologists deal with the factors that lead us to behave in a certain way in the presence of others, and look at the conditions under which certain behaviors / actions and feelings occur.

Social psychology is concerned with the way these feelings, thoughts, beliefs, intentions, and goals are constructed and how these psychological factors, in turn, influence our interactions with others.

Topics examined in social psychology include: self-concept, social cognition, attribution theory, social influence, group processes, prejudice and discrimination, interpersonal processes, aggression, attitudes, and stereotypes.

What is organizational psychology for?

Organizational psychology serves to study and understand human behavior in the workplace. It is the branch of psychology that applies psychological theories and principles to organizations.

Often referred to as IO psychology, this field focuses on increasing productivity in the workplace and related topics, such as the physical and mental well-being of employees.

Industrial and organizational psychologists perform a wide variety of tasks, including studying the attitudes and behavior of workers, evaluating companies, and training in leadership.

What is positive psychology for?

Positive psychology serves to study the strengths and virtues that allow individuals, communities, and organizations to prosper. This branch of psychology deals with the scientific study of human flourishing and an applied approach to optimal functioning.

Positive psychology is based on the belief that people want to lead meaningful and fulfilling lives, cultivate the best within themselves, and enhance their experiences of love, work, and play. The field is intended to complement, not replace traditional psychology.

This branch does not seek to deny the importance of studying how things are going wrong, but rather to emphasize the importance of using the scientific method to determine how things are going right.

Samantha Robson
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Dr. Samantha Robson ( CRN: 0510146-5) is a nutritionist and website content reviewer related to her area of ​​expertise. With a postgraduate degree in Nutrition from The University of Arizona, she is a specialist in Sports Nutrition from Oxford University and is also a member of the International Society of Sports Nutrition.

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