A programming language is an elementally structured human-like communication system. Every day we are in contact with different types of devices such as computers, cell phones, tablets, and each one of them handles a type of programming language that facilitates the translation of the user’s orders to be used.
Programming languages are used to communicate through sounds, words, signs or gestures. If we refer to devices, these languages are structured so that they can understand each other and in turn can interpret the instructions to be executed.
Benefits of programming languages
Some of the benefits that computer languages offer are:
- They communicate the user’s instructions to the computer, converting the commands into friendly languages so that the machine understands the command.
- They are used to express algorithms and create programs to control computer behavior.
- They allow the creation and editing of text editors, which help to add interactive and dynamic activities to web pages.
- With them you can edit and run programming codes very quickly.
- They help perform complex tasks in relatively few steps, and require minimal programming knowledge or experience.
- It allows to obtain new fields of work, since with them you can build a website or make a good application.
Classification of programming languages
In today’s world, there are hundreds of different programming languages, and we can classify these into three main types:
1. Machine language.
It is a programming language that reasons directly with the machine (computer). This programming language uses the binary alphabet, that is, 1 and 0.
2. Low-level programming languages.
These are used to control the hardware of the device and are machine dependent, which means that they cannot be used on devices other than what they were created for. This language is the one that orders the operations of the apparatus. With them you can program functions such as: displaying images, playing audios and videos, performing mathematical operations, freeing up the memory of the equipment, performing pointer movements, etc.
3. High-level programming languages.
They are languages very similar to those of the human being. They are not dependent on a machine and are essentially used to make computer programs that can solve different types of needs. There are many high-level programming languages with their various versions. Some of them are:
- Imperative programming languages : among them are Cobol, Pascal, C and Ada.
- Declarative programming languages : Lisp and Prolog.
- Object-oriented programming languages : Smalltalk and C ++.
- Problem-oriented programming languages : they are specific languages for management.
- Natural programming languages : they are the languages that try to approximate the design and construction of programs to the language of people.
Another classification of high-level programming languages is according to the development of computers according to the generations:
- First generation programming languages : it is the assembly and machine language.
- Second-generation programming languages : These are the first imperative high-level programming languages (FROTRAN, COBOL).
- Third generation programming languages : they are programming languages of high imperative level but much more used and still in force today (ALGOL 8, PL / I, PASCAL, MODULA).
- Fourth generation programming languages: used in database management applications (NATURAL, SQL) and management.
- Fifth generation programming languages: designed for artificial intelligence and to process natural languages (LISP, PROLOG).
Importance of programming languages
Programming languages are of great importance because:
- They accelerate the processes of device entry and exit.
- They automate, collect, manage, calculate and analyze data and information procedures with precision.
- They are a fundamental tool for creating software and mobile applications that help users in their daily lives.
- In industry they are used to encode instructions that control machines for manufacturing products.
- They bring life to computing devices.
- With them you learn to innovate and create ecological solutions to global problems.
- They improve and increase the power of computers and the internet.
Types of programming languages
A programming language is based on all the characters, symbols and rules of use that allows users to “communicate” with computers. Today there are several different programming languages and dialects.
Many are designed for a specific purpose, while others are more flexible general-purpose tools that are suitable for any type of application. Next we will name some types of programming languages.
This language, with the expansion of the Internet, was covering spaces and is being used to execute certain applications in browsers. In this way, it has spread as the simple interpretation of HTML code.
Currently it is used for various purposes and is present in mobile devices, operating systems, mainframes. Java is the basic programming language to develop mobile applications for Android, it is simply the most used mobile platform in the world.
In today’s world, a large part of the operating systems that exist in the market are written in C. This language is also widely used to develop text editors, interpreters, graphic computer software, compilers and image processing, base data, among others.
C ++ language.
C ++ is a C-based language. This language has become a very powerful tool, capable of solving even more complex tasks. And it continues in constant evolution, since today it is used in different types of applications, such as: text editors, games, image editors, among other functions.
C language #.
C # is a programming language developed by Microsoft. This language is object oriented. Its coordination was based on the C ++ precursors. The conquest of the C # language is closely linked to its constant evolution, but also to the multiple resources it provides to technology, increasing production in the development process.
This programming language is usually taught in programming logic courses or classes, due to the simplicity of its syntax. It is used in web applications, complex solutions, games, among others. It is considered a language of the highest level. Python supports various programming paradigms and has powerful resources.
Google Go language.
Go is a programming language created by Google. It is intended to increase production in projects. The focus of this language is perfection, seeking the highest performance both in compilation and in application processing. A Go is cross-platform, with support for Linux, Windows, MacOS and among others.
Ruby is a programming language designed for objects and with simple syntax. The proposal is to develop an easy, readable and pleasant language. Ruby is essentially used in developing web applications. It is one of the most popular programming languages and it still has high prospects for further growth. Highly relevant web applications such as Twitter and GitHub use this language.
It is a freely distributed programming language, used everywhere for the creation of dynamic web systems. It is said that PHP is one of the most popular programming languages and, therefore, one of the most requested by the Web Development market, especially if you intend to work in communication companies.
The Swift language.
This language has been gaining more and more ground in the market. It’s great especially if you want to work with Apple products, which use Swift or Objective-C language. The company has designed the Swift language based on Objective-C. Apple’s proposal is not that one language replaces the other, but that the two are able to understand each other.
The Objective-C language.
This programming language is object-oriented, supported by SmallTalk and C. It is a multiplatform language, today owned by Apple, which is used in the development of applications for the iOS system.
Conclusion on programming languages
Every day we use applications for everything and programs for different tasks, in short, we carry out thousands of operations in front of a computer in the office, study centers, in our homes and on our mobile devices. And we can do all this thanks to programming languages.
Although there are currently many types of languages, they all have their own benefits and disadvantages, because they are oriented to different areas of activity. Due to all these reasons, it is very important to learn to use programming languages in our daily lives, to communicate effectively with the machines that we operate on a daily basis.