When we talk about physical education, we are definitely talking about discipline, perseverance, effort and dedication. When analyzing what physical education is for , we observed a large number of benefits, for example, the well-being it provides on health, allowing the body to remain active. It also allows us to develop our physical skills such as strength, mobility and elasticity.

Physical education is an area where men and women are trained not only physically, but also emotionally, intellectually and socially. Strengthens values ​​such as respect, solidarity, improvement and dedication, all the values ​​that contribute to having a better society.

Benefits of physical education

There are many benefits that practicing physical education offers us and making this discipline part of our lives. It is easy to think that these benefits are mostly physical, but in reality they go much further, extending even to social and psychological levels. That said, we can classify the benefits of physical education into:

1. Physical benefits of physical education

These benefits are the most notable and surely the reason that drives most people to practice it. Some of them are:

  • Control of body weight, by burning calories.
  • Strengthening of muscles and bones.
  • Improve the motor part.
  • Improve the physical appearance and its conditions.
  • Avoid diabetes and cardiovascular diseases.
  • There is a lower risk of lung, breast, or colon cancer.
  • Lowers hypertension and cholesterol levels.

2. Psychological benefits of physical education

There is a positive connection between practicing physical education and psychological well-being, studies have shown that through its practices it offers:

  • Achieve a balance between the body and the mind, that is, that both are under the same rules.
  • Give confidence to the body and mind.
  • Increase our self-esteem.
  • Helps reduce stress.
  • Improve sexual performance.
  • Helps overcome shyness.
  • It helps to keep the mind healthy, that is, it can improve attention, prevent memory loss and diseases such as anxiety, depression, among others.
  • When we have defeats in life, it teaches us to accept and overcome them.
  • It helps us get out of the daily routine.
  • It progressively improves our hours of sleep.

3. Physical education has benefits on a social level.

On a social level, there are also several benefits that physical education offers us, as long as it is directed in the correct way.

  • It teaches how to handle problems through dialogue, that is, not to get carried away by a bad moment and make wrong decisions.
  • Practicing some physical activity avoids having time for leisure.
  • You learn to live under rules.
  • Strengthens respect for others, thus facilitating teamwork.
  • It helps to understand and respect the differences between people.
  • Facilitates social integration.

What is physical education?

It is a discipline in which the entire human body intervenes through different movements in order to exercise it, therefore, it contributes to caring for and maintaining not only physical but also mental health in the human being, generating a life in the individual healthy and active outside of sedentary lifestyle.

In most educational institutions it is implemented as a subject, to be developed at different school levels. It is exercised by a professional prepared at a higher education level, who handles knowledge about the human body, health and biology.

What is the importance of physical education?

The practice of physical education is of great importance, every discipline is accompanied by a series of physical and psychological benefits in addition to the learning of values. We can talk about the importance of physical education in the different stages of life, and these are:

1. Physical education in children and adolescents

Being overweight is a problem that is gaining strength among children and young people, this discipline helps them prevent or control this aspect. It is also important for the strengthening of bones that are in continuous development and growth.

A child who exercises develops healthy competition skills, learns to win with humility and to lose knowing that he is doing his best. Build trust by facilitating interaction with others and teamwork. You have better concentration when studying and you learn that every goal involves effort.

2. Importance of physical education in adults

As adults, we are fully aware that starting with an effort, we acquire the physical and mental well-being that is desired. With the obligations of home and work, it is easy to fall into the routine of leading a sedentary life, hence the importance of practicing some physical activity at this time of life.

Physical education strengthens the bones, thus reducing the risk of fractures that are frequent after a certain age. It helps to control, maintain and lose weight, today the complications that obesity entails and the consequences of this condition on the body are well known.

This discipline is also important because it improves the rhythm of life, making it more active and providing greater energy to carry out day-to-day obligations.

History of physical education

Physical education has always been part of the formation of society, from prehistory to our times man has been involved with this discipline, which over time and according to each period of history has evolved.

In prehistoric times, physical education was practiced due to the need to survive, through activities such as hunting, which required energy, strength and speed. In Egypt physical education was implemented through sports areas such as ball games and races.

In Greece, tax education is focused under two different concepts, to train men of action for war and to train individuals under moral and intellectual aspects. In the 19th century in Switzerland and Germany modern physical education was born with sports such as: running, swimming, fencing, jumping and dancing, likewise at the end of this century speed sports such as cycling were practiced.

Physical education media

As we mentioned earlier, physical education includes the entire use of the body, with the aim of achieving said activity through mastery and control of simple and complex body movements.

To achieve these goals, it is necessary to have certain means that physical education requires, such as:

1. Physical fitness

It is the capacity that an individual has to carry out in an adequate way physical activities that contribute to the proper functioning of the organism. To achieve good physical fitness it is necessary to develop certain qualities such as:

  • Aerobic capacity: refers to the ability of the body to resist medium or low intensity physical efforts.
  • Anaerobic power: refers to the ability of the body to perform physical efforts in a short time, but with high intensity.
  • Flexibility: refers to the ability that allows an individual to perform movements with good elasticity and joint mobility. It can be given in two different ways, dynamic flexibility that refers to movements of one or more parts of the body, and static flexibility, which is when a certain position is adopted and must be maintained for a limited time.
  • Speed: refers to the speed with which a physical activity is carried out.

2. Sport

Physical activity that takes place under a set of norms and rules, the objective of which is to generate physiological, social and anatomical benefits for the individual. There are several types of sports, then classified as follows:

  • Collective sports: within this group is soccer, basketball, baseball, volleyball, rugby, among others.
  • Individual sports: include athletics, gymnastics, tennis, swimming, golf, among others.

3. Recreation

It refers to activities that man does in his free time, for personal enjoyment. These activities contribute to breaking the daily routine. Some of these are:

  • Cultural and social activities.
  • Outdoor activities.

Difference between physical education and sport

Physical education and sports are disciplines that we often confuse, although they tend to resemble each other, they do not mean the same thing.

It can be said that both go hand in hand, since they contribute to the development of man from a physical and social point of view, however, it is necessary to emphasize certain differences that exist between them, which are:

  • Physical education offers basic knowledge of the different existing sports, while sport focuses only on specific knowledge according to which it is practiced.
  • Physical education focuses on teaching physical exercises with different movements, as opposed to sport that teaches specific movements and rules depending on the sport.
  • In physical education the educator has different knowledge about all sports, unlike the sport in which the coach specializes in a specific discipline.
  • Physical education evaluates with the objective of making the individual understand the importance of maintaining a good physical condition, the sport evaluates the individual to see if he meets the physical levels for the sport in question.
  • Physical education is not competitive since its idea is to offer the possibility of developing certain skills, while sport is competitive so there must always be good physical performance on the part of the athlete.

Conclusion Why should we practice physical education?

Physical education has been an important part of man’s development and growth, improving his physical and psychological conditions, contributing to the creation of good habits for life.

It is important to create awareness in society, to make them understand that a sedentary life full of bad eating habits affects both children and adults and leads to the deterioration of health in general, that is, both physically and psychologically.

Hence the importance of incorporating into our lives some physical activity that allows us to keep our bodies active and full of energy, thus ensuring that we are healthy individuals in body and mind, indirectly contributing to living in a better society.

Samantha Robson
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Dr. Samantha Robson ( CRN: 0510146-5) is a nutritionist and website content reviewer related to her area of ​​expertise. With a postgraduate degree in Nutrition from The University of Arizona, she is a specialist in Sports Nutrition from Oxford University and is also a member of the International Society of Sports Nutrition.

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