Hydrogen peroxide is a compound of water and oxygen presented in a colorless liquid form, which is commonly recognized as a destroyer of germs, microbes and bacteria that infect the body. However, this substance is used in the aerospace, cosmetic, food and arts technology industries.

In the aerospace industry it is commonly used to cause or promote the combustion of substances used by this sector. In the food industry it is used as a bacterial regulator both in food and in instruments for the sterilization of containers. It is also a bleach for paper, fibers, fabrics and hair.

In household chores, it is applied as an alternative to whiten clothes and remove stains. Likewise, in daily use hydrogen peroxide is used to combat germs that may exist in wounds.

It was synthesized in 1818, when specialized studies were applied where barium oxide was experimented with, achieving its decomposition when its oxygen and water were released.

Side effects are not recognized. The bubbles that can be observed when applied to a wound is the manifestation of the release of oxygen decomposed by the substances of the skin.

What is hydrogen peroxide for?

Hydrogen peroxide is used to counteract the appearance or reproduction of bacteria in wounds. At the time of application, white bubbles can be observed, which is the release of oxygen when it comes into contact with the blood and decomposes it.

This effect is what eliminates the bacteria, since most of them need oxygen to live. By releasing oxygen, bacteria are also killed.

Specialists recommend that hydrogen peroxide should not be used to treat open or very large wounds, because although it is a powerful antiseptic, it is also a cause of slowing down dermal healing processes, as it attacks both bacteria and cells of the organism. Therefore, it should be used sparingly or replaced by another antiseptic that does not attack the skin.

To fight acne and scars

There are multiple conditions of the skin of the face that can be treated with hydrogen peroxide and thus maintain its natural beauty. For example, remove acne, erase scars or blemishes. This can be controlled with a simple daily treatment, but like any other treatment, the necessary precautions must be taken, knowing its unwanted effects and following the precautions to minimize them.

The first precaution to be followed when applying this substance to the face is to carefully read the recommendations for use presented on the packaging, taking into account the type of concentration it has. Depending on this data, it can be applied for specific cases and restricting its use in certain skin sensitivities.

Likewise, hydrogen peroxide cannot be used on areas of the skin that present burns, nor applied as a facial mask, and its contact with the lips and eyes should be avoided. In addition, it is advisable to consult a specialist beforehand, since in some cases, hydrogen peroxide can be very aggressive in cases of acne.

For stains on skin and clothes

The use of hydrogen peroxide as a home method to lighten spots on the skin has become very popular lately.

In the particular case of the skin, many studies have revealed that this effect is momentary, since it is part of a chemical reaction that causes its contact with the skin, obstructing the capillaries. Therefore, the skin appears whiter, but when this effect passes, the skin returns to its original hue.

However, using this product to remove stains from clothing is more effective. You just have to place clean and clear water in a plastic container, placing a sufficient amount of hydrogen peroxide, and then place the stained garment for a space of 30 minutes and the expected results will be obtained.

Eliminate fungi from your body

Hydrogen peroxide is used as a remedy to treat fungi in any part of the body, as it raises oxygen levels in the applied area and kills these annoying microorganisms.

The use of this 3% substance is recommended, mixing the same amount of hydrogen peroxide with apple cider vinegar in a glass; soaking the affected area with this combination for 20 minutes

To whiten teeth and as a mouthwash

This product is recommended to maintain oral hygiene, acting not only as a teeth whitening, but also as an effective mouthwash in controlling infections and wounds in this part of the body.

To be used in this area, it is advisable by volume of 3% to 10%, placing two or three tablespoons of this substance in a small glass with water. Then, the mouth is rinsed keeping the mixture in the mouth for 5 seconds, and repeating this action several times.

However, some specialists do not recommend the use of this substance for a prolonged period as it tends to weaken the enamel of the teeth and can affect the gums, causing inflammation or irritation. It is important to consult a trusted dentist before performing this treatment.

To clean the ear

In cases of mild conditions, hydrogen peroxide is recommended to treat infections in the outer ear area, as it helps to remove excess dust, kill the presence of fungi and bacteria, and even expel insects trapped in this area.

It is suggested to place two or three drops in the ear for 10 minutes, to then drain it and thus be able to act on disorders present in this area.

To bleach hair

As a hair beauty product, hydrogen peroxide acts as a hair bleach. However, its use must be carried out with the necessary precautions not to mistreat and damage it, recommending its mixture with components that hydrate both the scalp and the strands, and thus preserve it healthy and hydrated.

What is hydrogen peroxide for plants?

The use of hydrogen peroxide in gardening and cultivation is due to the fact that it maintains the health of plants and improves cultivation processes, such as seed germination.

Some of the positive effects recognized in its application in gardens and crops are: as an oxygenating agent for plant roots; as a catalyst in seed germination; as a natural fertilizer; and as a fungus and bacteria controller, due to its pesticidal and herbicidal effect.

Contraindications of hydrogen peroxide

Although this product is very common in our homes, it is important to know that its use is not recommended in all situations:

  • First of all, there are people who may be sensitive to its active component, generating discomfort characteristic of allergies, such as skin rashes or itching.
  • It is widely used as a teeth whitener, but most dentists do not recommend using this for a long time or for several days continuously, as it can damage tooth enamel or cause gum disease.
  • It should not be used in large or very deep wounds, since the hydrogen peroxide will not stop the bleeding and will also slow down the healing of the tissue.
  • Its use in high concentrations is not recommended, since it can damage the skin that is in contact with the product.
Samantha Robson
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Dr. Samantha Robson ( CRN: 0510146-5) is a nutritionist and website content reviewer related to her area of ​​expertise. With a postgraduate degree in Nutrition from The University of Arizona, she is a specialist in Sports Nutrition from Oxford University and is also a member of the International Society of Sports Nutrition.

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