Nystatin is an antifungal or antifungal medicine and is used to treat some types of fungal or yeast infections. This drug is obtained by the growth of Streptomyces noursei.
Nystatin is indicated for the infection of candidiasis either orally, topically or vaginally, as well as other infections caused by fungi and yeast. It is important to note that this drug does not work to treat viral infections or colds.
Nystatin can be found in oral presentation, also in the form of ointment or ointment in the form of vaginal ovules. It can be found under the trade names Mycostatin, Nilstat, Nystex, etc.
What is Nystatin for?
Nystatin is an antifungal drug, meaning that it fights some strains of fungi and yeasts. It is indicated for fungal infections, mainly for candidiasis.
Candidiasis is an infection that can occur in the mouth and throat, esophagus, stomach, intestines and at the genital level. It is produced by the Candida bacteria. This infection is distinguished by the manifestation of white spots on the palate, tongue, and cheeks or cheeks. This yeast infection is common among immunocompromised people (with low defenses), and even in babies.
What is nystatin suspension for?
This presentation is a liquid solution that should be taken 3 or 5 times a day to fight candida infections in the mouth or intestinal infections. Before use, the container must be shaken well so that its phases mix and the medicine remains in a homogeneous solution. A few drops should be applied, distributing the dose on each side of the mouth and keeping it in the mouth for a few minutes before swallowing.
Before starting this treatment it is important to have a check with the dentist and oral hygiene to help with the process of eliminating the infection. If the suspension is used for intestinal conditions, the dose should be swallowed without holding it in the mouth.
What is nystatin ointment for?
Nystatin cream or ointment is used to treat skin infections. It is usually used several times a day by applying a small amount on the affected area and rubbing it well on the skin. Before applying, the area should be washed very well. After applying, wash your hands again and avoid contact with the eyes.
There is also a presentation of nystatin powder for topical use. Nystatin powder is used to treat fungal foot infections. To use this powder, you must apply or sprinkle the product inside the shoes and socks or directly on the feet.
What is nystatin ovules for?
Nystatin in ovules is used to treat vaginal yeast infections. It is usually used about twice a day for two weeks for women who are not pregnant. Although the symptoms improve with treatment, it is recommended that the tablets or ovules continue to be used a few days later.
The eggs must be inserted well into the vaginal cavity. Wash your hands well before applying. They usually come with an instruction manual to facilitate the application.
It is recommended to apply while lying on the back and knees up. It is also recommended to use a sanitary pad, not tampons because these could absorb the product. Vaginal douches should not be used during treatment. Treatment should not be stopped if menstruation occurs.
Nystatin in pregnancy
Vaginal ovules or tablets are used in pregnant women 3 to 6 weeks before delivery in case of infection or as a prophylactic measure for the newborn baby. The indications are the same as already mentioned. It should always be prescribed by a doctor.
Nystatin treatment has not been shown to be harmful during pregnancy in any study. It is usually prescribed if the mother’s condition warrants it without presenting side effects, but always with caution and when its use has more benefits than potential risks.
How to use nystatin?
First of all, the doctor’s instructions for using this medicine should be carefully followed. Then follow the directions on the label that comes with the medicine to avoid any confusion. The recommended dose should be met and not exceed it or take less than suggested.
The tablets are indicated for oral and esophageal candidiasis. The lozenges should dissolve slowly in the mouth. They should not be chewed or swallowed whole. This should be used for the indicated time and 48 hours after the infection has cleared. In immunocompromised patients, treatment is usually of higher doses or is usually prescribed for a longer time.
In children and babies it is recommended 1 to 4 ml one to two times a day depending on the doctor’s recommendations. This will be the one who will prescribe the appropriate dose according to the age and weight of the child and the present pathology.
In adults, 1 to 6 ml four times a day is usually recommended depending on the pathology and the presentation of nystatin that is being used.
The drug should continue to be consumed for at least 48 hours after the infection has disappeared in order to prolong its effects and avoid recurrence of the infection.
Nystatin can be found under different trade names, some of these are Mycostatin, Nilstat, Nystex. Regarding its different presentations, nystatin is one of the most versatile drugs.
The different presentations can be obtained as nystatin oral tablets and tablets to take orally; Nystatin can also be found in mouthwash, which is a liquid solution to treat oral conditions, plus soft tablets or lozenges that dissolve slowly in the mouth.
Nystatin can be found via the genital ovules or vaginal tablets, or also a vaginal cream that is applied directly to the area. Cutaneously we can find cream, powder or ointment to apply directly to the skin in the affected area.
Nystatin mechanism of action
Nystatin has a fungistatic and fungicidal action against a wide range of fungi and related yeasts. For its effect, it binds to the cell membrane sterols of candida albicans and other similar species, it also forms ion channels in these species, which changes the permeability of the cell membrane and consequently the intracellular elements come out.
Nystatin side effects
Nystatin has few side effects, but if any do occur, it is necessary to consult with your doctor on how to continue with the treatment.
Nystatin is toxic parenterally. It should only be used as indicated by the doctor and in the instructions included in the medicine box.
In its oral presentation, it can have stomach upset, vomiting, diarrhea and nausea as adverse effects. Although these are minor and temporary and do not normally require medical attention. Orally, it does not usually present irritation but a manifestation is possible in allergic patients who should consult a doctor immediately (swelling, difficulty breathing, tachycardia).
By cutaneous and vaginal route, that is to say the cream or ointment, some symptoms of sensitization or irritation may rarely appear such as rashes, itching, itching or hives, edema or swelling on the face, lips and tongue. Its application is not toxic.
In case of allergy, the doctor should be consulted immediately, it may occur: swelling, rapid heartbeat and tachycardia, redness, blisters and shortness of breath.
Dr. Samantha Robson ( CRN: 0510146-5) is a nutritionist and website content reviewer related to her area of expertise. With a postgraduate degree in Nutrition from The University of Arizona, she is a specialist in Sports Nutrition from Oxford University and is also a member of the International Society of Sports Nutrition.