The Nexium is a drug that works as a proton-pump inhibitor with the ability to achieve reduce the formation of acids produced in the stomach. It is effective in treating various stomach disorders, ulcers and gastroesophageal diseases that cause burning symptoms, pain and inflammation allowing the greatest relief and improvement of them.

Nexium benefits

This medication is indicated as a treatment to help improve symptoms caused by various stomach diseases that cause reflux, heartburn, inflammation, and infections.

The main use of this proton pump inhibitor that reduces stomach acids is to reduce various gastric acid secretions that are formed in the parietal cells and to help ingest oral medications difficult to take due to inflammation, burning and pain in the esophagus.

It is an effective medicine that is used to treat the following disorders and diseases:

  • Gastrointestinal ulcers related to Chron’s disease.
  • Gastric ulcers generated by the use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.
  • Peptic or duodenal ulcers.
  • Reduce the risk of air extraction due to ulcer formation after endoscopic procedures.
  • Reduce gastric acid secretions.
  • Symptoms of irritation and burning in the stomach.
  • Treat the production of gastroesophageal reflux.
  • Extreme acidity in the stomach due to tumors in the pancreas.
  • Prevent bleeding from ulcers.
  • Bacteria-infected ulcers found in the upper part of the intestine.

How to take nexium

When using this medicine the following instructions should be followed:

  • It should be taken exactly as directed on the medicine label or as prescribed by your doctor.
  • The amounts should not be less or greater than those indicated and should be taken for the time prescribed by the treating physician.
  • It is generally recommended to use this treatment in periods of 4 to 8 weeks. In some cases the doctor prescribes it for a longer time so that the ulcers heal.
  • It can only be taken with a glass of water, at least 1 hour before consuming food.
  • It is recommended not to crush, chew or break the capsule, it must be swallowed whole.
  • If improvement in symptoms is felt, treatment must also be completed for the condition to fully improve.
  • Using this treatment for a long time can lower your vitamin B12 levels.
  • In case of not feeling improvement and the symptoms worsen, it is recommended to inform the doctor as soon as possible.
  • It should not be administered in children under 12 years of age, it could cause collateral damage.
  • It should be stored in cool places that are at room temperature, away from heat and humidity.

Dosage to use when taking nexium

The recommended doses for this treatment should be the following:

For gastric ulcers that are associated with NSAIDs

The corresponding dose should be 20 to 40 milligrams in a single dose, for a period of 6 months.

For duodenal ulcers with H. Pylori infections

The dose should be 40 milligrams once a day for 10 days. For this type of case, it is generally accompanied with clarithromycin and amoxicillin.

For gastroesophageal reflux

They have a maximum of 8 weeks of treatment, with doses of 20 to 40 milligrams once a day.

For erosive esophagitis

Doses of 20 to 40 milligrams are recommended for 4 or 8 weeks of treatment in a single dose per day.

Nexium Precautions

It is recommended to give importance to the warnings of this medicine before starting to use it, in order to avoid the possibility of adverse effects that may harm the body. Some of these precautions are:

  • Using this medicine for more than 1 year may increase the risk of wrist, hip, or spinal fractures.
  • If symptoms persist or worsen while using this medicine, the doctor should be informed immediately.
  • If you have osteoporosis, this type of medicine could make the disease worse, therefore the doctor should be informed before starting treatment.
  • If you have skin reactions such as rashes, rashes, or other allergies, this treatment will probably have to be stopped.
  • In situations of having very low levels of magnesium in the blood or in severe liver disease, the doctor must make sure if this medicine can be taken.
  • During pregnancy or during lactation periods, no adverse reactions have been found, however, the doctor should be informed so that he can take precautions.
  • Even if the symptoms have disappeared and it is felt that the condition is completely cured, it is advisable to finish the prescribed treatment.

Nexium side effects

During the use of this medicine, some symptoms and conditions that can become common or serious could occur, in which case the doctor should be informed or resort to an emergency center as soon as possible. Among the most prominent adverse effects are:

Common side effects

  • Headaches.
  • Sickness.
  • Feeling dizzy
  • Dry mouth
  • Diarrhea.
  • Constant sleep
  • Blurry vision.
  • Gases.
  • Stomach upset
  • Constipation.
  • Flatulence.
  • Constant sweating
  • Benign polyps in the stomach.
  • Tingling sensation in different parts of the skin.
  • Urticaria.
  • Rashes.
  • Vomiting

Serious side effects

  • Swelling of the face, lips, tongue, or throat.
  • Severe pain in the stomach.
  • Rapid weight gain
  • Confusion.
  • Feeling of suffocation
  • Candidiasis.
  • Hair loss.
  • Aggressiveness.
  • Swelling in men’s breasts.
  • Muscle cramps.
  • Possible fractures in the wrists, hips and even the spine.
  • Inflammation in the joints accompanied by fever.
  • Blood samples in the urine.
  • Dizziness
  • Butterfly-shaped rashes on the arms and face.
  • Sensitivity to sun exposure.
  • Yellowing of the eyes and skin.
  • Blisters with bleeding on the lips, eyes, nose and genitals.
  • Peeling.
  • Acceleration in heart rate.
  • Uncontrollable tremors in various parts of the body.
  • Difficulty breathing.
  • Muscle spasms, especially in the hands and feet.
  • Swollen glands.
  • Seizures
  • Watery diarrhea with blood samples.
  • Lack of control in blood pressure.

Nexium contraindications

It is necessary to know if the body has the conditions to use this medicine, therefore, the doctor should be informed if there is any disease or condition that indicates how he can prescribe or avoid it. Next, we will mention some important contraindications:

  • This medicine should be avoided if there is hypersensitivity to its active principle or to any of its components.
  • If you have HIV and are on nelfinavir treatment, you should not use this medicine.
  • During the pregnancy or lactation stage, care should be taken, as it could cause side effects to the baby.
  • If you suffer from kidney or liver problems, the doctor should be informed so that he can write the corresponding prescription.
  • This medicine can have a direct interaction with a wide variety of medicines that are used to treat cancer, depression, heart disease, problems in the digestive and intestinal system, or tuberculosis, among others. Because of that, the doctor must be aware to know if he can indicate or prohibit it.

Nexium usage conclusion

To conclude, it can be said that this drug is used to treat diseases that are related to gastroesophageal reflux causing lesions in the esophagus and severe heartburn. Its effective action allows the esophagus to heal, prevents the formation of bacteria, reduces the possibility of the appearance of gastric ulcers and the excessive production of acids that are concentrated in the inner lining of the stomach and intestines.

Samantha Robson
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Dr. Samantha Robson ( CRN: 0510146-5) is a nutritionist and website content reviewer related to her area of ​​expertise. With a postgraduate degree in Nutrition from The University of Arizona, she is a specialist in Sports Nutrition from Oxford University and is also a member of the International Society of Sports Nutrition.

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