Miconazole cream is a topical antifungal medication that is used to treat skin and fungal infections such as athlete’s foot, sports scabies, and vaginal infections.

This synthetic antifungal agent is a derivative of 1-phenethylimidazole and its action inhibits the growth of common dermatophytes. It works by altering the permeability of the mucosa, preventing the synthesis of ergosterol and interfering with the synthesis of fatty acids. Less than 1% is absorbed systemically and most of the drug is metabolized with a half-life of 24 hours in the body.

Miconazole comes in various forms, packaged as a cream, lotion, spray, powder, for use on the skin, and packaged as a cream and vaginal suppositories. This medicine can sometimes be prescribed by your doctor for other uses. Miconazole price is a product accessible to all budgets, before using it, ask your doctor or pharmacist for the appropriate information. Read on to learn what miconazole is and what it is for.

Miconazole general uses

The nitrate miconazole cream is used and suitable for topical application in treating fungal infections and skin, caused by dermatophytes or yeasts, and secondary infections caused by gram – positive cocci.

Its uses and specific indications include

Very commonly used in the treatment of athlete’s foot, also known as athlete’s fungus, which affects the sole, heels and area between the toes. Fungal infection caused by dermatophyte fungi, which feed on keratin or yeast. Quite contagious and spread by contact.

Tinea

It is commonly used to treat superficial fungal infections of the skin, located in any area of ​​the body, when it has been caused by fungi Trichophyton rubrum, Epidermophyton floccosum and Trichophyton mentagrophytes. Which is transmitted by person-to-person contact, animal contact, etc.

Tinea Curis

Superficial infection of the groin, genital and pubic area that especially affects men and takes advantage of hot and humid climates. It is sometimes caused by Candida albicans, although it is more common by dermatophyte fungi Trichophyton rubrum.

Vaginal yeast infection

It is one of the most common and used treatments to treat vaginal yeast infection, a gynecological infection caused by Candida albicans, which causes inflammation and irritation in the vagina and vulva, also known as Candida vulvo-vaginitis and is characterized by local redness. , increase and change in color of vaginal discharge and intense itching.

Tinea versicolor.

Used to treat those spots that appear on the skin and that are caused by the excessive growth of the Malassezia fungus, yeast located on the surface of the skin to protect it from infections and other pathogens caused by some diseases.

It is not contagious and only happens because Malassezia yeast gets out of control due to agents such as humid weather, excessive sweating, excess oil on the skin, weakening of the immune system, hormonal changes, strong sun exposure, among others.

Other uses of Miconazole

Other uses for the local antifungal Miconazole include:

  • Diaper rash.
  • Chronic paronychia originating from candidosis, which affects people who constantly have their hands damp or wet.
  • Mycosis in the outer ear.
  • Pitiriasis versicolor.
  • Oral candidiasis associated with the use of dental prostheses.

Veterinary use of Miconazole

In case of veterinary medication, miconazole is used as a fungistatic, with a variety of creams and shampoos to treat ringworm and dermatitis caused by fungi in canines and felines.

How to use Miconazole

In superficial mycoses and mild infections:

A thin layer of cream is applied to the affected area, twice a day for a long time of 14 days after the symptoms have disappeared.

The powder presentation can be used simultaneously with the cream treatment, spread on clothing, footwear and bed.

· Candidosis vaginal:

A specially formulated cream is used for application to the bottom of the vagina, with an application tube, 10 ml (200 mg) is used for three successive days, preferably before going to bed.

· Oral Candidosis

5 ml (100 mg) of gel is applied to the affected area, four times a day for 7 days until after the lesions disappear. The gel should be kept in the mouth for as long as possible before swallowing.

For any of the cases it is important that you know the following recommendations on the use of Miconazole :

  • Do not self-medicate, if you have a discomfort or symptom, consult your doctor or a pharmacist.
  • Please read the package instructions carefully before use.
  • Follow the instructions of your doctor, increasing the dose does not generate better results, it can only expose you to complications.
  • Each product has a specific use.
  • You should wash your hands before and after applying the product.
  • If you are using the vaginal cream with applicator, discard the applicator once used and use a new applicator with each use.
  • Avoid contact with the eyes.

Miconazole side effects

Miconazole, like any medicine, can cause side effects, watch for any of the following symptoms and see your doctor immediately:

  • Increased irritation to the skin or vagina.
  • Increased burning and itching, with a strong burning sensation when applying the medicine.
  • Stomach pain and / or nausea.
  • Slight fever.
  • Increased and foul-smelling vaginal discharge.
  • Severe allergic reaction to the components of the formula: Which can cause itching, hives, swelling of the face and / or hands, tingling in the mouth, chest tightness and difficulty breathing.
  • No improvement is observed after a period of treatment with the drug (in athlete’s foot after 4 weeks, in ringworm after 2 weeks of continuous use).

Miconidazole warnings and contraindications

Among the warnings of this drug are:

  • The suspension of the drug before chemical irritation.
  • It is only for external use and contact of the substance with the eyes should be avoided, since it is highly irritable of the mucosa of the same.

This medicine is contraindicated when:

  • There is proven hypersensitivity to miconazole.
  • Its use is restricted during pregnancy, especially contraindicated in the first trimester of pregnancy.
  • Use with restrictions during lactation, since it is unknown whether it is excreted in human milk.
Samantha Robson
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Dr. Samantha Robson ( CRN: 0510146-5) is a nutritionist and website content reviewer related to her area of ​​expertise. With a postgraduate degree in Nutrition from The University of Arizona, she is a specialist in Sports Nutrition from Oxford University and is also a member of the International Society of Sports Nutrition.

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