The Michoacan mushroom belongs to the genus Ganoderma . It includes around 80 species, many of them from tropical regions. Due to its genetic diversity, it is used in traditional Asian medicines and has bioremediation potential, being an economically important genus.

Michoacan mushroom – Benefits

The reported biological activities of the Ganoderma preparations are remarkable and are given greater emphasis here as distinct from the structure / activity information. The metabolites consist mainly of polysaccharides and terpenoids. Many are activities against the main diseases of our time, so this review is of great importance.

The list of effects is huge, from anticancer to relieving bladder blockages . However, not all reports have been scientifically proven with convincing evidence reserved for pure compound trials. It is an excellent example of an ancient remedy that is of great relevance to the modern era. There seems to be an assumption that the therapeutic effects attributed to the fungus have been proven. The next step is to produce some effective drugs that can be hampered by mass production problems.

Now let’s look at the medicinal uses of G. lucidum or Reishi. If you feel the fruiting bodies, you will notice that they are very hard, so no one tries to eat them like most mushrooms (softer): too strong! It has been used as an herbal remedy for things like health, recovery, longevity, wisdom, and happiness for centuries in traditional Asian medicine. The first historical mention of G. lucidum was during the rule of the first Chinese emperor, Shin-huag of the Ch’in dynasty, when the medicinal uses of the mushroom were first described. In fact, a Reishi goddess, known as Reishi sensi, was worshiped because she would grant health, life, and eternal youth.

Michoacan mushroom – Uses

Industry

Ganoderma are wood-decomposing fungi with a cosmopolitan distribution. They can grow on both coniferous and hardwood species. They are white rot fungi with enzymes that allow them to break down components of wood, such as lignin and cellulose. There has been great interest in investigating the wood degrading enzymes of Ganoderma species for industrial applications, such as biopulping.

Phytochemistry

For centuries, Ganoderma species have been used in traditional medicine in many parts of Asia. These species are often labeled ‘G. lucidum ‘, although genetic tests have shown that it is multiple species such as G. lingzhi, G. multipileum and G. sichuanense.

Several Ganoderma species contain diverse phytochemicals with undefined properties in vivo , such as triterpenoids and polysaccharides, a research area in basic research.

Although various species of Ganoderma are used in folk medicine for purported benefits and have been investigated for their possible effects in humans, there is no high-quality clinical research evidence that Ganoderma phytochemicals have any effect on humans, such as in cancer research.

Ganoderma is a basidiomycete white rot fungus that has been used medicinally for centuries , especially in China, Japan, and Korea. A great deal of work has been done on Ganoderma lucidum. Common names for the preparations include Lingzhi, Munnertake, Sachitake, Reishi, and Youngzhi.

Michoacan mushroom – Properties

The genus Ganoderma was established as a genus in 1881 by Karsten and included only one species, G. lucidum (Curtis) Karst. Previously, this taxon was characterized as Boletus lucidus Curtis (1781) and later Polyporus lucidus (Curtis) p. (1821) (Karsten 1881).

Commercially Available Reishi Antler Shape There are two different types of Reishi, the traditional, wide, shelf-type fruiting body and the antler-shaped, known as Rokkaku-Reishi. The antler shape arises from varying levels of carbon dioxide and low light.

These two types are rumored to have different healing characteristics . Recently, there have been a large number of scientific papers published with experiments trying to quantify the effect of G. lucidum on the human body. The fungal extract has been shown to act on the cells of the immune system, acts against the herpes virus, reduces cholesterol and stops cell proliferation . Unfortunately, as you read these documents, it seems important to remind you that we are still not sure if G. lucidum and G. tsugae are separate species.

Although the molecular composition has not yet been conclusively determined, several biologically active compounds of G. lucidum have been characterized. These include adenosine, which is said to have an analgesic effect , R, S-ganodermal, and ganasterone which have an anti-hepatoxic effect, and glucans and polysaccharides which are responsible for the anti-inflammatory and anti-tumor properties of G. lucidum.

Another thing to keep in mind is that all of these experiments were done on cell lines, mice, rats, and hamsters . As of yet, no large-scale trials have been conducted in humans, and the FDA has not yet approved the use of Reishi as a medical treatment.

To gain FDA approval, purified G. lucidum compounds would have to go through an intensive amount of detection in cell lines and animals; much of this preclinical testing has already been done. The next step would be a phase one clinical trial, evaluating the safety of the potential drug. Healthy volunteers are paid to take the drug for a certain time, and the compound is studied for its absorption into the body, its metabolism, and its excretion.

Once the potential drug moves to phase one, which can take several months, it moves to phase two. In phase two, several hundred patients participate in what is called a double-blind clinical trial, in which both the patient and the doctor do not know whether the patient is receiving the potential drug or a placebo. Phase two can last from several months to several years. If the potential drug is shown to be effective after phase two, move on to phase three.

Phase three also consists of blind clinical trials, but on a much larger scale. This phase is used to understand the effectiveness of the drug, the benefits, and the range of possible adverse reactions. Without a doubt, G. lucidum and its researchers have a long way to go before they can test the healing powers of mushrooms.

Ganoderma can be differentiated from other polyphor because they have a double-walled basidiospore . They are sometimes called platform fungi or support fungi. The P. lucidus species was characterized by having a lacquered crown (glossy or polished), and this is a character that Murrill suspected was the reason for the Karsten division because only one species, G. lucidum, was included.

Ganoderma are characterized by being basidiocarps, which are large, perennial and woody brackets, also called “conks” . They are lignic and leathery, with or without stem. Fruit bodies typically grow fan-shaped or hoof-shaped on the trunks of living or dead trees. They have double-walled truncated spores with ornate yellow to brown inner layers.

Historically, however, Tomophagus has generally been regarded as a synonym for Ganoderma. Almost a century later, phylogenetic analyzes vindicated Murrill’s original placement, as it has been shown to be a taxonomically distinct appropriate genus.

Crop diseases

Some Ganoderma species can cause large long-term crop losses, especially with trees:

  • G. orbiforme (= G. boninense), G. zonatum and G. miniatocinctum are responsible for basal stem rot disease in Asian oil palm plantations.
  • G. philippii and G. pseudoferreum: responsible for root rot of cocoa, coffee, rubber and tea trees.
Samantha Robson
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Dr. Samantha Robson ( CRN: 0510146-5) is a nutritionist and website content reviewer related to her area of ​​expertise. With a postgraduate degree in Nutrition from The University of Arizona, she is a specialist in Sports Nutrition from Oxford University and is also a member of the International Society of Sports Nutrition.

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