The Melatonin is a natural hormone in the human body, which is also achieved in some foods and is responsible for controlling the cycle of sleep, in fact, often the supplement is used to regulate problems related to this, such as insomnia, to help that the person adapts to schedule changes and even to reduce the time they take to sleep.

What is Melatonin for

During the night is when the human body creates the greatest amount of melatonin in the blood, which is secreted through the pineal gland.

It is also ideal for controlling and improving immune problems, protecting health from conditions such as migraine headaches, cancer and brain aging.

It is the drug indicated for regulation of the most natural sleep cycle and the least harmful, causing, as will be explained later, the adequate control of the different sleep-related disorders in humans without severely or seriously affecting the patient with side effects.

Who can take melatonin?

It is proven that the amount of melatonin that our body generals on its own, decreases over the years, which is why older people, in advanced ages, sleep less than younger ones.

  • This supplement can be consumed by children and adults, without the need for a prescription. However, the ideal is to consume it under constant medical care or evaluation since it is necessary before giving a treatment, evaluate if there is a lack of melatonin in the body and the specific cause of it, then apply an appropriate procedure to the case. .
  • Due to their natural components, melatonin supplement tablets can be easily mixed with medications such as birth control pills, blood thinners, medications to suppress the immune system, diabetes-related medications, etc.
  • In the case of children, it should not be consumed by children under 6 months of age. From 6 months, medical supervision is necessary during treatment, as well as evaluations and previous examinations, since especially at that age, the specific reason why a person so young may need supplements to control the cycle must be found out. of sleep.

Lack of melatonin.

The lack of melatonin in the human system can be caused by multiple factors in addition to age, including the use of other medications that are inhibiting its production and causing sleep disturbances.

In addition to that, the time and schedule of production of this hormone is not the same for all people. According to proven studies, 50% of people present the melatonin production phase around 3am, 25% between 12 and 1 in the morning and the other 25% present it between 5 and 6 in the morning .

Under this scheme, people can be classified with intermediate, evening and morning chronotypes, in that order. Without knowing these characteristics of each individual specifically, it is not advisable to prescribe a treatment with supplements of this hormone since the amount and the schedule in which it should be administered is subject to this.

Your consumption

However, generically, the amount that is normally consumed of this drug is 3mg, maximum 5mg, more than that is not recommended without previous studies.

Despite the necessary precautions, this drug is the least harmful supplement to use to combat problems in the sleep cycle, since it is a substance that our own body secretes naturally and does not create most of the side effects and addictions to which patients take risks with other drugs on the market.

But, although it gets rid of most of the negative effects that other medications cause, this supplement can carry less worrying side effects such as drowsiness during the day, headaches and dizziness, as well as body pain and could affect the mood of the patient causing momentary irritability or depression, but the latter usually occurs in very few cases.

In addition to these effects, so far there have been no situations of patients with serious problems caused by the intake of this hormone or by excess of it if it has not been administered correctly.

It is also used as a relaxant, as it provides a feeling of tranquility, and is recommended to help with everything related to the immune system and the reduction of free radicals.

Your relationship with cancer

In cancer patients, this drug is recommended since it has been shown to help the person who suffers from it to protect themselves from the negative effects that radiotherapy treatment brings. Cancer cells, like the rest, are known to have receptors for this hormone, and melatonin could help kill these cells by being absorbed by them.

Likewise, it prevents the development and rapid spread of cancer thanks to the fact that it stops the development of tumor blood vessels, and limits the damage to DNA.

Production of the hormone melatonin

It is important to note that the production of this hormone takes place thanks to darkness, and stops with light. For this reason, for the natural creation of it in our body, it is important to take into account the precautions of not sleeping in constantly lit spaces, since this will stop the due process.

Equally important is the amount of light to which we get used to being exposed during the day, since if our body does not receive enough sunlight, it can unbalance the biological clock, also causing problems in the sleep cycle.

For the cases of lighting at night, there are certain special lights, which emit a type of light in specific color and strength that are not detected by the body and can be lighting the room if necessary. Just as using full light bulbs in offices or at home during the day can help balance the amount of light needed for the biological grid.

Samantha Robson
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Dr. Samantha Robson ( CRN: 0510146-5) is a nutritionist and website content reviewer related to her area of ​​expertise. With a postgraduate degree in Nutrition from The University of Arizona, she is a specialist in Sports Nutrition from Oxford University and is also a member of the International Society of Sports Nutrition.

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