Kinesiology is a branch of medicine based on scientific and natural studies, which is responsible for studying human movements and the response of muscles to different imbalances and problems related to muscle injuries. In this way, kinesiology is used to diagnose and treat problems of the neuromuscular and skeletal system in order to give way to a health of the whole body.

There are various types and branches of kinesiology that focus on various parts of the body and different models of application to achieve the objectives. Here we show you the benefits of this science and all the modalities it encompasses.

What is kinesiology for?

  • Kinesiology helps improve motor skills and coordination.
  • Helps to improve body posture.
  • It is a good exercise in personal growth and development.
  • It allows to eliminate any physical ailment and even going towards the holistic branch, eliminate psychological and emotional problems.
  • It notably helps to reduce stress and anxiety caused by any personal or family problem.
  • The use of kinesiology allows a correct evaluation of the muscles and their movements and reactions, in this way a correct diagnosis and treatment can be reached.
  • It allows to eliminate all pain and physical and muscular tension.

Types of kinesiology

Kinesiology can be classified in different ways according to the characteristics and type of therapy that you want to achieve. It can go from kinesiology that analyzes and checks the movements and response of the muscles to reach its solution, to that which seeks body health as a means of energy balance and thus achieve integral health of body, mind and soul. Here we will name the most important types of kinesiology:

Applied kinesiology

Applied kinesiology is one in which different tests and analyzes of the muscles and their movements must be applied. In this way, the problem or condition of the same can be diagnosed and an adequate treatment can be carried out in order to solve it.

Holistic Kinesiology

Holistic kinesiology is one where muscle conditions and problems must be diagnosed and treatment based on the mental or energetic imbalance that may be causing it. In this way, you can achieve not only physical health, but also psychic, emotional or energetic health.

Other types of kinesiology

  • Preventive kinesiology: has the objective of carrying out treatments in order to avoid or prevent future conditions of the patient. Likewise, to carry out the necessary care when the first symptoms of a condition appear. With this type of kinesiology, the body can be kept in an optimal state before future ailments appear.
  • Healing kinesiology: this has the objective of carefully treating a problem or condition at the muscular or motor level and thus reducing it and even eliminating it. This type of kinesiology is responsible for reducing and eliminating pain, bruising, stiffness and even some types of paraplegia.
  • Active kinesiology: in this type of kinesiology the patient must perform the movements indicated in the therapies so that he himself carries the weight of being and achieving his own recovery. These therapies are performed with the assistance of a professional kinesiologist.
  • Passive kinesiology: in this type of kinesiology it is the professional therapist who is in charge of carrying out all the effort of the therapy, performing with the patient all the movements required for recovery.

Branches of kinesiology

Kinesiology has different branches, which in turn are the object of study by professionals in this science. Among these branches are:

  • Anatomy: since it allows the study of the body and all its structures and parts, such as the locomotor system, muscles, bones, nerves, blood supply, etc.
  • Orthopedics: allows treatment through corrective devices that help treat any poor function or deformity of the locomotor system.
  • Biomechanics: allows studying how the body behaves when it is subjected to different types of forces and various movements.
  • Ergonomics: this science is responsible for the study and adaptation of the human body for the use of work tools and different tasks.
  • Physiotherapy: it is a branch of kinesiology that is responsible for performing different therapies and curative methods for the rehabilitation of the patient.
  • Medical gymnastics: it is an activity carried out by doctors and therapists that helps to improve the physical condition and health of the person through the activity of the body.
  • Acupuncture: treatment with needles that when placed in strategic areas of the body called “meridians” according to Chinese medicine, where the energy of the person circulates. It helps to improve the conditions or pains that afflict you.

If you wonder what a kinesiologist does, the answer is that he is a specialist who aims to improve the condition and physical capacity of his patients and improve any alteration that may occur in their locomotor system.

This specialist must prepare hard in the field of physiology, anatomy and biomechanics of the body, as well as the functioning of the joints, bones and muscles. In this way, it can intervene in psychomotor rehabilitation and recovery. For this, the kinesiologist must apply different physical and psychomotor procedures and techniques in order to rehabilitate his patients and improve their motor problems.

The kinesiologist performs a muscle test during his therapies in order to diagnose the aspects of the body that he requires for his treatments, such as his nutritional, mental, emotional and physical data. According to the results obtained during this test, the kinesiologist professional must design a treatment based on improving the conditions that the patient needs to improve. It can be different branches of kinesiology therapies, such as acupuncture, electro stimulation, ultrasound, etc.

Each treatment must be different, since it must be focused on the specific disorder that each patient needs to improve, as well as which emotional or energetic complications could be causing it.

Difference between kinesiology and physical therapy

Although it may seem that both professions are the same and treat the same thing, there is a clear difference between kinesiology and physical therapy. The kinesiologist is in charge of diagnosing the affections and problems of the muscular movements according to their anatomy, physiology and biomechanics, in order to recommend an adequate treatment that improves this condition and reduces the causes of it.

The physiotherapist, on the other hand, is specialized in techniques and therapies aimed at solving the already diagnosed problem. In some countries, both professions are combined into one: kinesiology, which is responsible for performing both tasks, and this is how all physical therapists are called.

Contraindications of kinesiology

Among the contraindications of kinesiology, a very obvious but important one can be mentioned, and that is that it must always be exercised by duly qualified professionals and with adequate previous studies. These treatments should never be performed by people who do not have the proper foundation as it could be counterproductive.

Likewise, it is not recommended to carry out physical therapy without the proper previous diagnoses, since not all treatments are suitable for all people. These must be specifically focused on improving the physical problems of each one.

It is important that the specialist go hand in hand with the doctor, be it a general or traumatologist, since special care must be taken in people with heart disease without medical control, infections in its acute phase, cancer. As well as in pregnant or lactating women. In many of these cases, kinesiology can be a great contraindication, so it should be ruled out.

Samantha Robson
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Dr. Samantha Robson ( CRN: 0510146-5) is a nutritionist and website content reviewer related to her area of ​​expertise. With a postgraduate degree in Nutrition from The University of Arizona, she is a specialist in Sports Nutrition from Oxford University and is also a member of the International Society of Sports Nutrition.

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