The ketotifen is an antihistaminic indicated to treat lung and respiratory problems, particularly related symptoms bronchial asthma in its initial stage. Similarly, it is highly effective in relieving allergic disorders such as conjunctivitis, acute urticaria and rhinitis in both children and adults.

Ketotifen benefits

This sedative antihistamine has the ability to block histamine, this is a substance that is produced in the body and stored in most tissues throughout the body. Mostly when the body reacts to a foreign substance, through the stimulation of allergens it releases histamine and thus achieves the reduction of allergic symptoms.

It is a drug that drives the cells of our body to the point that they will begin to release agents with the ability to regulate and reduce asthma attacks and symptoms of suffocation due to it.

When used for allergies, this medicine will act as an effective blocker, inhibiting the histamine that causes these allergies in the body. It is indicated to combat or reduce allergic conditions of the skin, respiratory tract and to prevent asthma.

Among the most common uses, where this drug is indicated are:

  • Allergic bronchitis.
  • Acute or cholinergic urticarias.
  • Treatment to prevent bronchial asthma.
  • Allergic conjunctivitis.
  • Atopic dermatitis.
  • Asthmatic symptoms caused by hay fever, by induction of acetylsalicylic acid, mixed, extrinsic, intrinsic, nocturnal or by the execution of exercises.
  • Allergic rhinitis.
  • Skin reactions

Presentations and dosage of ketotifen

This medicine is available in the following presentations:

  • Oral solution.
  • Pills.

The recommended doses for the use of this treatment are:

  • In children 1 to 3 years: 0.05 milligrams can be administered every 12 hours.
  • In children 4 to 12 years: the dose should be 1 milligram, 2 times a day.
  • In adults: the appropriate dose should be 1 milligram, every 12 hours.
  • It is important to note that doses should be administered after eating.

Ketotifen precautions

Before using a treatment with this medicine, it is important to know the following warnings to prevent some side effects that could affect the body:

  • If you are under the administration of prophylactic and antiasthmatic symptomatic drugs, you should tell your doctor before starting this long-term treatment.
  • When this drug is first used, impaired psychomotor responses and drowsiness may occur, therefore, caution should be exercised when operating operating machinery, performing activities such as climbing, tree climbing, horseback riding, cycling, and driving vehicles.
  • When using this treatment, it is recommended to completely terminate it and not stop abruptly without consulting a doctor or if symptoms improve.
  • It is recommended to take this medicine with breakfast and dinner.
  • The use of this medicine may cause temporary weight gain.
  • Due to its glucose content, it can alter sugar levels, affect the body in case of intolerance of some sugars and can also damage teeth.
  • Sometimes the consumption of this medicine can severely affect the central nervous system causing irritation, excitement and insomnia.
  • Its effective effect can begin to be noticed after several weeks of treatment, therefore, it should not be stopped unless indicated by the doctor.
  • During the taking of this medicine, it is not advisable to expose yourself to the sun.
  • In the event of the presence of any chronic pathology, the doctor should be informed before starting treatment.
  • It is recommended to suspend the use of this medicine for at least 72 hours, if a dermal test of hypersensitivity to antigenic extracts is to be carried out, since they could be altered due to the antiallergic effects of this medicine.
  • You need to continue taking this medicine for 2 to 4 weeks more gradually to prevent asthma symptoms from coming back.
  • When using this treatment, platelet tests are necessary so that the doctor can monitor the appropriate levels.

Ketotifen side effects

When consuming this medicine, some adverse effects may occur that can harm health and cause symptoms such as those mentioned below:

  • Seizures
  • Hypotension
  • Irritability.
  • Severe sedation
  • Drowsiness.
  • Sleeping problems.
  • Dry mouth
  • Disorientation.
  • Dizziness
  • Excitement.
  • Inflammation and increased liver enzyme.
  • nervousness.
  • Sudden weight gain
  • Difficulty urinating.
  • Painful rashes.
  • Severe allergic reactions
  • Flu symptoms.
  • Target-shaped skin lesions.
  • Hepatitis.
  • Serious skin reactions.
  • Purito.
  • Urticaria.
  • Pains in the stomach
  • Tremors
  • Cardiac arrhythmia.
  • Tachycardia.
  • Headaches.
  • Delirium.
  • Psychomotor incoordination.
  • Migraine.
  • Vertigo.
  • Epigastric pain.
  • Vomiting
  • Diarrhea.
  • Constipation.
  • Asthenia.
  • Palpitations
  • Euphoria.

Ketotifen contraindications

The doctor must be informed of any ailment that one has before starting to use this medicine, so he can indicate if the body is in a position to take it. Here are the most relevant contraindications:

  • In case of hypersensitivity to this drug or any of the components of its formula, the doctor should be informed so that he can make the appropriate prescription.
  • This medicine should not be used during breastfeeding, as it can leak into breast milk and can be harmful to the baby’s health.
  • It is not suitable for children under 1 year of age.
  • Because it is an antihistamine, it should not be taken at the same time with other central nervous system depressant medications.
  • In case of consuming alcoholic beverages, this medicine should not be ingested, as it can cause adverse reactions.
  • It is not recommended during pregnancy, due to its effects on the body.
  • If you have chronic asthma or severe respiratory problems, this treatment should not be used.
  • You should refrain from taking this medicine if you have to perform activities that require concentration and coordination, or if you should ingest it if you must drive a vehicle or a movement machine, because it contains sedative effects.

Conclusion of the use of ketotifen

To conclude, it can be said that this antihistamine contains an effective sedative and depressant effect on the brain to reduce the release of the chemical histamine in the presence of various allergic reactions. This medicine has the ability to reduce the symptoms that are generated in the tissues of the respiratory tract and caused by nasal congestion, skin inflammations, rashes, itchy nose, skin and eyes, bronchial asthma and others types of allergies.

Samantha Robson
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Dr. Samantha Robson ( CRN: 0510146-5) is a nutritionist and website content reviewer related to her area of ​​expertise. With a postgraduate degree in Nutrition from The University of Arizona, she is a specialist in Sports Nutrition from Oxford University and is also a member of the International Society of Sports Nutrition.

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