Each country has a series of laws and resolutions that dictate “good and bad” things, so to speak. When these laws are broken, justice comes into play. The purpose of justice will be to clarify conflicts and provide solutions to problems, granting the right to those who deserve it.

Laws and justice must act together, one responding to the needs of the other, to find the best solution to a problem. For this, a series of steps must be followed, which may change depending on the country where the law has been violated. But in general, the objective of justice will be to punish the offender and benefit the victim (if there is one).

There are different ways of approaching justice, depending mainly on the offense that has been committed. You do not proceed in the same way with a traffic offense as with a murder, for example. For justice to work, we find different public agents whose job it is to enforce justice, such as police officers, judges, justice ministries, and others. Each country is free to have as many agents as it needs or wants to enforce its laws.

What is justice for as a value?

The terms law and justice should never be used synonymously, because they are not synonymous at all. The law is a tool used to make justice work. That is, justice is the goal and law is the way by which we reach that goal.

But is justice a value? Many definitions of justice, made by various individuals over the years, tell us yes. For example, Abraham Lincoln defined justice as a ” democratic value. ” And the Royal Spanish Academy defines justice as ” a value that inclines to act and judge “.

Justice as value is the fact, willingly , give every human being the rights that belong to him. Performing acts of justice as an individual is to look out for the good of others without expecting recognition or payment in exchange for it. Recognizing that all people, regardless of their race, religion, tastes or interests, deserve to be treated with respect is a sign of the value of justice.

This value must be instilled in everyone from childhood, in order to grow as individuals and as a society. It must be taught that respecting the rights of others is vitally important to living in harmony. This is the key to raising better generations, who live justly fulfilling and enforcing the rights and duties of all.

How does justice help us?

Legally speaking, justice is what you get after breaking a law. Failure to comply with the law can be an infraction or a crime, this depends on the nature of it. In this way, a punishment is determined for the subject who has broken the law, depending on the magnitude of the punishable act committed.

As a value, justice is the intention of ensuring the fulfillment of the rights of all without expecting anything in return. And in both cases we can see that this is of great importance for the development of a nation.

Justice exists to maintain order and peace in a society. If this did not exist, all citizens could do immoral acts of free will without any punishment; and this would be nothing but chaos. In this, justice helps us, to be better citizens and to seek peace and harmony in society.

But it cannot be forgotten that justice must ensure compliance with the laws; therefore, when there is an offense or crime, those in charge of doing justice must pass a sentence to punish the offender and benefit the victim. In this it is important not to fall into excesses of power or short sentences before what is deserved. When a criminal pays for his crimes, justice is being served and order and calm are promoted.

Types of justice

Although the types of justice may vary depending on the country, there are 4 types that are used in most nations to enforce laws:

  • Distributive justice: this refers to the economic sphere, and ensures that each member of society receives the resources they need to live comfortably. This includes the corresponding payment for their work, and access to goods and resources.
  • Procedural Justice: this is in charge of imposing punishments and sentencing offenders of the law. This is done through due process and ensures that justice is served equally for all individuals.
  • Retributive Justice: this justice seeks to reward the behavior of an offender of the law according to their actions. That is, it seeks to impose a punishment of similar qualities to the crime committed. This type of justice is used for crimes of great importance, such as war crimes and violation of human rights.
  • Restorative Justice: this acts on the opposite side to the previous one, mainly looking after the rights of the victim. Like the previous type, this is used in cases of major crimes, but at the same time as making the guilty pay for their crimes, it seeks to benefit the victim as much as possible.

What is the law and what is it for?

It is difficult to imagine what a lawless society would be like; And although there are many countries where justice is not well applied, the simple fact of having a law that establishes what is right and what is wrong creates a relative order. But of course, for the law to be obeyed by citizens, justice must exist.

We could define law as a set of regulations to which all citizens of a country or region must submit, in order to achieve a harmonious society and avoid problems. The key for a country to evolve is that all citizens comply with the laws equally.

But the problem begins when some individuals believe that, for whatever reason, they are exempt from complying with the laws. That a group of citizens believe that they are above the law and that legal procedures should not be applied to them is a cancer for society. This is where justice must act.

What are the laws for?

Legal regulations are created by the same members of society as a controller of inappropriate behavior. They must determine what is allowed or not, based on morals and values; in addition to establishing the rights and duties of each citizen. Teaching respect for the laws is vital so that society can live in tranquility, since by complying with the laws problems are avoided.

The law exists to regulate the conduct of the citizens of a country, it must make mandates, prohibit and allow things, to which all individuals who are within the jurisdiction of said law must submit. Laws are regulated by a legislator or a group of legislators in a senate, and to enforce these regulations, law-abiding agents, such as the police and the courts, are created.

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