Technology is something that humans have advanced really fast. What might have seemed like a fantasy 10 years ago is now part of our daily life; and one of these things is AI. By its acronym, AI stands for artificial intelligence, and it is a term that we hear more and more often. But what is AI really for? Is artificial intelligence something we need in our lives or is it more of a fad of technology? Let’s see all about artificial intelligence now in this post.
AI has been a dream for scientists for decades. Science fiction books and movies always included artificial intelligence; But what used to be just a movie story is now a reality. Every day more everyday artifacts use AI to provide human beings with a more specialized service. So, far from what the movies show, AI robots will not end up dominating us, but making our lives easier.
Currently we can find AI in all kinds of technological devices , such as smartphones and toys. But also in household appliances, such as refrigerators, washing machines and others. To know everything about artificial intelligence, keep reading this post.
What is artificial intelligence?
Before defining what artificial intelligence is, let’s get to know better what intelligence is. We can explain human intelligence as a process of learning, synthesizing information, reasoning and autonomy . All humans and animals have their own form of intelligence, and for the former it has always been a dream to artificially recreate the way the brain works.
This is why artificial intelligence is the ability that a computer system can have to imitate the behavior of human intelligence. For this, a combination of algorithms and systems is used that allow a machine to ‘think’ for itself . However, it is still far from reaching a point where computers have complete autonomy. Reaching a point where the machines have complete autonomy could be dangerous, therefore it is prohibited.
Artificial intelligence is mainly used to make life easier for users of a computer system. When a program, application or artifact is able to recognize the routine, tastes or interests of its user, we are in the presence of an artificial intelligence.
Who Invented Artificial Intelligence?
Although it was only recently that we began to see artificial intelligence, its history dates back more than 50 years. In 1956 the scientist John McCarthy used the term artificial intelligence for the first time. This happened at a conference in Dartmouth, where he spoke of scientific breakthroughs that would happen in the next 10 years. By this time McCarthy had already worked in AI for 5 years; But McCarthy’s predictions were not met, causing advances in the investigation to stall for nearly 15 years.
However, during this time a few small advances were made in what we know today as AI. For example, two years later, in 1958, McCarthy created the first symbolic processing language system. That is, the first step for a computer system to synthesize information autonomously.
Starting in 1980, we began to see more advances in artificial intelligence projects. From the 2000s the advances in AI are more and more; which brings us to our days, where artificial intelligence is an everyday thing.
Types of artificial intelligence
There are several types of artificial intelligence, but generally AI is divided into two large groups. These are weak AI, strong AI, and they mainly differ in the tasks they can perform.
Overall, the AI weak (AI stands for Artificial Intelligence ) are scheduled to perform a single task. One of the best-known examples of weak AIs is personal smartphone assistants, such as Siri or Alexa. These systems are designed to learn user preferences and perform simple tasks within the Smartphone or smart device to which they are related. This type of AI is the most common, and we can increasingly find them in more everyday devices.
The strong AI are designed to do more complex jobs. In general, a strong AI is designed to be able to think like a human mind. That is, if this type of artificial intelligence is presented with a task that it does not know, it is programmed to find a solution. These computers are much more specialized and are not used for sale to the general public.
Examples of artificial intelligence
These are some examples of tasks that can be performed by artificial intelligence:
Automation : With this quality, AIs are able to perform a task automatically. For example, there are many mobile applications with which you can make your Smartphone do certain tasks without you having to assign them.
Machine learning : This quality is used mostly in strong AIs, and is used so that a computer can program itself. In this category there are 3 types, supervised learning, unsupervised learning and reinforcement learning.
Vision : With this function, computers are able to ‘see’. The idea of this task is that artificial intelligence is able to analyze the images captured by a camera. Currently this function is used for many things, especially for GPS or navigation systems, so that the car’s computer is able to recognize things like a red light or a zebra crossing.
Natural language processing : This function is widely used in email inboxes to detect junk or spam emails. So basically the AI’s task is to analyze the received text and detect whether or not it is garbage. Also included in this category is the ability of AIs to understand spoken language, as in personal assistants on Smartphones.
Artificial intelligence advantages and disadvantages
Artificial intelligence has many advantages for many areas of life, but it also has some disadvantages.
For example, in the workplace, AI greatly reduces expenses on personnel and personnel training. An AI can do the work of 10 employees in half the time. It also has advantages in all kinds of areas, such as health, citizen security, education, and much more.
AIs are able to predict future problems in their area, and they can find solutions to problems in less time than the human mind.
But there are also downsides. The main disadvantage of an AI is that creating these software requires expert professionals, which could cost a lot of money. They also require constant maintenance and updates. And in a social aspect, the exaggerated use of AI could open the way to a generation of humans who would not know how to do anything without a computer.