The fluoxetine is an antidepressant drug that has the ability to raise levels of serotonin neurons to improve the problems that occur in the central nervous system. Its main objective is to treat and modify psychological ailments and disorders that impair the proper functioning of the body. This psychotropic drug contains chemical properties that access the brain to divert and suppress emotional deficiencies and achieve favorable effects and changes.

Benefits of fluoxetine

The action of this drug occurs due to the inhibition of the substance serotonin that, when transported to neurons, can stimulate the brain and thus help improve various conditions and maintain a healthy mental balance.

Despite not having an immediate effect, this psychoactive drug after about 3 or 4 weeks of treatment, can begin to solve a large number of problems related to moods, disorders and emotional states that are difficult to treat effectively and positive.

This medicine is used to treat and improve a large number of brain disorders and activities such as the following:

  • Improves various depressive states.
  • Decrease aggressiveness.
  • Relax the body from post-traumatic stress.
  • Improve moods.
  • Balance sexual desire.
  • Regulate sleep.
  • Decrease panic attacks.
  • Improve phobia problems.
  • Provide a feeling of well-being.
  • Control the ability to concentrate.
  • Relieves migraines.
  • It controls bipolar disorders, attention deficit, anxiety, compulsive obsession and menstrual dysmorphic disorders.
  • Helps to improve alcoholism problems.
  • Decreases insomnia.
  • Stabilize personality problems.
  • Fight bulimia nervosa.
  • Helps improve low self-esteem.
  • Control some cases of obesity problems.
  • Decreases dependence on other drugs.

How to take fluoxetine

To know how to take this medicine, the following recommendations should be followed:

  • The indications prescribed by the treating physician must be strictly followed.
  • Doses should not be exceeded or decreased, or take more than the indicated time.
  • The doctor can change the doses to see that the results are improving.
  • The prolonged-release capsule must be swallowed whole, it is advisable not to crush, break it or chew it, since when the medicine is opened it can pass into the body too quickly, which could cause collateral damage.
  • During the taking of this medicine you may begin to see that the symptoms begin to improve, after 4 weeks of treatment, if it is observed that they do not improve, the doctor should be informed as soon as possible.
  • This medicine should not be stopped suddenly, as symptoms such as headaches, difficulty sleeping, anxiety, confusion, tiredness, sweating, irritability, dizziness, numbness, mood swings, and tingling in the hands or legs may occur. feet, etc.
  • If you forget to take the dose and you are close to the next dose, it is recommended not to double it, use the correct one and continue with the indicated treatment.
  • The presentation of this medicine comes in tablets, capsules and a solution, which must be taken orally.
  • It can be taken with or without having eaten.
  • They are mostly taken once a day and preferably in the morning to be more effective.
  • It is important to keep it out of the reach of children.
  • For its conservation, it is necessary to store in places that are at room temperature, away from moisture and heat.

Recommended doses of fluoxetine

The doses will depend on the conditions you have, some of them are:

For depression

The dose should be 20 milligrams in a single intake in the morning, then the maintenance dose is 20 to 80 milligrams, 2 times a day.

For panic and obsessive-compulsive disorders

It is recommended to use doses of 20 milligrams once a day, preferably in the morning. Afterwards, it should be taken as maintenance of 20 to 60 milligrams daily in 1 or 2 doses.

For bulimia

You should take 1 dose a day of 60 milligrams.

For premenstrual dysphoric disorders

It is advisable to take 20 milligrams, 1 time a day for a time of 14 days before menstruation begins.

Fluoxetine Precautions

When starting to take this treatment, it is important to know the following warnings to avoid collateral damage that it may cause. Some of those precautions are:

  • It is necessary to inform the doctor if you have any disease, if there is a disease or if you have any special condition, so that he can take the corresponding measures before prescribing it.
  • The doctor should know if you are taking any type of medicine for anxiety or depression, a natural herb, vitamin or dietary supplement. It is also important to inform him if you have hypersensitivity to the active compound or any of its components.
  • During the gestation or breastfeeding stage it should not be administered, as it can cause severe damage to the baby.
  • Due to its sedative effects, you should avoid driving vehicles, operating heavy machinery, or doing activities that require a lot of concentration.

Side effects of fluoxetine

During the use of this medicine, various adverse effects may occur that may allow the presence of common or serious symptoms such as those that we will mention below, these should be attended by the doctor or attend an emergency center as soon as possible. :

Common side effects

  • Anxiety.
  • Diarrhea.
  • Sickness.
  • Lack of appetite.
  • Unusual sweating
  • Sudden changes in sexual desire and ability.
  • Nervousness.
  • Dry mouth sensation
  • Uncontrollable tremors in some areas of the body.
  • Soft spot.
  • Difficulty conceiving sleep.
  • Heartburn.
  • Sudden weight loss
  • Confusion.
  • Concentration problems.
  • Headaches.
  • Uncontrolled memory.

Serious side effects

  • Fever.
  • Severe pain in the joints.
  • Rash in various parts of the body with pain.
  • Blisters
  • Itch.
  • Galactorrea.
  • Urticaria.
  • Swelling in the hands, lower legs, feet, and ankles.
  • Fainting.
  • Acceleration in heart rate.
  • Slow thought process.
  • Myalgia.
  • Priapism.
  • Swelling of the face, mouth, tongue, and throat.
  • Difficulty breathing.
  • Unusual bleeding and bruising.
  • Swallowing problems
  • Vasodilation
  • Hallucinations
  • Difficulty coordinating.
  • Intense muscle stiffness.
  • Seizures
  • States of anorexia.
  • Pharyngitis.
  • Euphoria.
  • Constant fatigue
  • Urinary retention.
  • Dyspnoea.
  • Suicidal thoughts.
  • Abnormal ability in vision.
  • Panic attacks.
  • Postulate hypotension.
  • Alopecia.
  • Gastrointestinal disorders

Conclusion of the use of fluoxetine

To conclude, it can be said that this psychotropic drug is mainly used to treat a wide variety of disorders related to acute depression and related psychopathological disorders. It has the ability to change the brain mechanisms that control mood states and intervene in the alterations caused by depression. In the same way, it shows efficacy to improve mental problems such as bipolarity, bulimia, alcoholism, migraines, post-traumatic stress, compulsive obsession, attention deficit, difficulty sleeping and sexual disorders among others.

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Dr. Samantha Robson ( CRN: 0510146-5) is a nutritionist and website content reviewer related to her area of ​​expertise. With a postgraduate degree in Nutrition from The University of Arizona, she is a specialist in Sports Nutrition from Oxford University and is also a member of the International Society of Sports Nutrition.

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