The dextromethorphan , is a drug that is indicated to combat dry cough and irritating because of depression that occurs in the medullary cough center. Its antitussive efficacy is quite low, which is why it is considered as an alternative to calm coughs in children and in turn when it is necessary to avoid various sedative effects caused by some other antitussives.

Dextromethorphan benefits

This medicine is a cough suppressant that aims to inhibit the cough reflex, however, it does not speed up recovery. It can be indicated for cases of dry cough, throat irritation, colds and all kinds of irritations in the respiratory tract.

It is a compound that comes from levorphanol and similar to codeine, which is prescribed to improve bronchial irritations with low cold processes. Its action has the ability to act directly to suppress the intrathoracic pressure that reaches coughing.

Its effectiveness allows a depression to form in the bulbar center of the cough, in order to induce local anesthesia, which helps reduce the production of cough and the discomfort that it causes.

This drug is rapidly absorbed through the gastrointestinal mucosa, managing to be metabolized in the liver, and then expelled through urine and feces.

It is recommended that it be applied for the following conditions:

  • In the presence of acute bronchitis during its initial period.
  • Mild acute exacerbations due to chronic bronchitis.
  • Temporary problems of unproductive, dry, little or no expectoration with pharyngolaryngeal origin.
  • Cough caused by asthma conditions.
  • Symptomatic Whooping Cough Treatments.
  • Cough from cigarette habit.
  • In dangerous cases of cough in hemoptysis, pulmonary tuberculosis, heart failure, pulmonary emphysema or lung cancer.
  • Emphysematous or senile bronchitis.
  • Treatments related to pneumonia inflammations.
  • Dry cough due to tracheitis or allergic laryngitis.
  • Chest pain and shortness of breath from excessive coughing.
  • Cough caused by the formation of tumors in the airways.
  • Its effective and rapid symptomatic effect complements treatments that help fight respiratory diseases caused by bacteria.
  • Suffering from pleurisy, due to inflammations that form in the tissues of the walls of the lungs.

Commercial presentations of dextromethorphan

It can be found in several presentations:

In drops

They are composed of this component, accompanied by other excipients such as sweet orange essential oil flavorings, lemon tetraroma and coriander oil, distilled water, propyl parahydroxybenzoate, propylene glycol and methyl parahydroxybenzoate.

In lozenges to suck

Each of the tablets is composed of the active principle of this medicine, together with components such as sodium saccharin, sucrose, glucose syrup, hydrochloric acid and flavoring.

In tablets

Dextromethorphan tablets contain other ingredients such as vegetable magnesium stearate, talc, lactose, and cornstarch.

In oral solution

The excipients that accompany the active ingredients in this solution are ethanol, sodium saccharin, sucrose, sodium benzoate, non-crystallizable liquid sorbitol, glycerol, strawberry flavor, menthol and water.

In capsules

Each of the capsules has 15 milligrams, which contain excipients such as macrogol 400, propylene glycol, mannitol, povidone gelatin, purified water, sorbitol, glycerol and azorubin.

How dextromethorphan is used

The appropriate dose to use this medicine depends on the case of each patient and the recommendations of the treating physician. Generally the prescribed doses are:

  • Oral dose for children 2 to 6 years: take 2.5 to 5 milligrams every 4, 6 or 8 hours a day. You should not exceed 30 milligrams per day.
  • Oral dose for children 6 to 12 years: take 5 to 15 milligrams every 6 or every 8 hours a day. The maximum amount you should consume is 60 milligrams a day.
  • Oral Adult Dose: Take 10-20 milligrams every 4, 6, or 8 hours during the day. The maximum intake is 120 milligrams in the day.

Precautions when using dextromethorphan

Before starting a treatment with this drug, it is important to consult your doctor to prescribe the appropriate indications of how it should be taken and how long the treatment should last, for this the following precautions should be taken into account:

  • When taking it, you should avoid taking drugs that contain caffeine, pills that stimulate the nervous system or pills related to weight loss.
  • It is necessary to suspend alcoholic beverages while under this treatment.
  • If you are under the influence of this medicine, it is not recommended to drive a vehicle, use precision machinery, or do activities where you must be alert, as it can cause drowsiness.
  • Doses administered to children and adolescents, should be given under parental supervision, as taking more than necessary can cause hallucinatory effects.
  • If you miss a dose, you should preferably wait for the next dose so as not to double it and continue with the treatment indicated by the doctor.
  • It is important to take a dose before going to sleep, so you can avoid excessive coughing during the night.
  • If the person has hypersensitivity to this drug or suffers from liver disease or suffers from atopic dermatitis, they should consult their doctor before taking it.
  • Women who are pregnant or lactating should not consume this medicine without medical authorization.

Side effects caused by dextromethorphan

Although it has very few harmful effects for the body, during its use with some side effects such as those mentioned below have been observed:

Digestive system problems

  • Vomiting and nausea
  • Constipation.
  • Diarrhea
  • Stomach spasms
  • Upset stomach.

Central nervous system problems

  • Headaches.
  • Drowsiness.
  • Dependence.
  • Dizziness
  • Depression.
  • Restlessness.
  • Loss of consciousness
  • Hallucinations
  • Disconnection from reality.
  • Blurred vision or double seeing.
  • Nervousness.
  • Excitement.
  • States of confusion.

Skin problems

  • Hives
  • Psychotic breakouts.
  • Lips and nails with bluish coloration.
  • Rashes.

Problems in the respiratory system

  • Difficulty breathing.
  • Slow or forced breathing

Kidney and urinary system problems

  • Increased urinary frequency.

Problems in the circulatory system

  • Tachycardia.
  • Low blood pressure.
  • Hypertension or hypotension.
  • Increased blood pressure.

Conclusion of the use of dextromethorphan

To conclude this topic, it can be said that it is a drug that has the ability to improve cough problems caused by mild irritation in the throat, bronchial tubes, the common cold and various allergic conditions. It does not have the strength to eradicate the disease, but it does inhibit the annoying symptoms of this condition.

We hope this topic is of great use to you. Thank you for choosing us!

Similar Posts

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *