The connectors are words that allow the union of ideas in a logical way, these are the ones that adequately relate the sentences and paragraphs. Through its use we give our speech greater coherence, making it more intelligible to the listener. They serve to mark the relationship that exists between the paragraphs, ideas or sentences that make up a text, that is, they establish semantic relationships between said parts.

They are also called markers, connectives, linking or relating elements. These language tools allow a text to fulfill its function, which is to communicate. Its good use, in addition to logically linking the ideas together, give the text a very important characteristic that is cohesion and make the reading to be carried out in an effective and agile way.

What is the function of the connectors?

Its main function is to connect the different parts of a text from words, sentences or complete paragraphs. That is, they join words, sentences, phrases or sentences within the same paragraph. These give the structure to the text and guide the reader so that he can better understand what he wants to convey through it.

These are situated on a discursive level since they connect the different parts of the discourse. Its importance lies in the need to show related ideas in a logical way so that the receiver interprets it correctly. Its proper use makes the text coherent, coherent and easy to understand.

What are the connectors?

They are classified as follows:

Oppositive connectors

They expose the different contrasting relationships between sentences.

  • Exclusion : instead, on the contrary.
  • Concession : anyway , despite everything, with everything, now well, at the same time, even so.
  • Restriction : on the other hand, nevertheless, but, although, in a way, to a certain extent, yet to a certain extent.

Additive Connectors

They state the addition of ideas.

  • Intensive nuance : even more, on top, it’s more.
  • Notion of addition : in addition, in addition, and, also, equally, also.
  • Maximum degree : to top it off, even up to.

Comparative Connectors

They emphasize some kind of similarity between the statements: Analogously, in the same way, equally, in a similar way.

Causative-consecutive connectors

They express the cause or consequence relationships between sentences.

  • Causal : since, because, well.
  • Consecutive : consequently, therefore, for what follows, consequently, hence, therefore, for that, then it turns out, therefore, for this reason, so that, then.

Computer Connectors

They indicate the different parts of the text.

  • Temporary: after (of) (that), before (of) (that), as soon as, immediately, at the beginning, then, from, until, then, currently, from (that) (then), to beginning, finally, when, temporarily, last.
  • Start of speech: well, well (colloquially) to begin, first of all, first (formally)
  • Transition: immediately afterwards, on the other hand, in another order of ideas, then after, on the other hand.
  • Spatial: in the background, up, down, to the side, in the middle, to the left.
  • Closing of speech: finally, finally, in short, to summarize, finally, ending.
  • Digression: by the way, by the way, to all this.

Reformulative Connectors

They point out that a later sentence reproduces totally or partially in another way, what was expressed in one or more previous statements.

  • Correction : I mean, rather, good.
  • Exemplification : for example, particularly, to illustrate, specifically, for example, as well as, thus, incidentally.
  • Recapitulation : in short, in short, total, in short, in a word, in other words, in synthesis, in other words, in brief.
  • Explanation : in other words, that is, that is, viz., This is.

Connector classes

  • Of temporal relation: they place in time, the actions or facts indicated in the propositions, or simply at what moment said action was related.
  • Summary or reaffirmation: they indicate that then what was meant by the first proposition will be briefly explained or affirms the same proposition in other words, adding data to verify them.
  • Relative: those whose purpose is to join two propositions, this group includes the coordinating copulative conjunctions that add or join the words or propositions and the disjunctive coordinators that they discard, leading to the choice of an alternative.
  • Conditional: they indicate that the action set forth in the initial proposition is not fulfilled, or that it will be fulfilled in the second.
  • Consequently, cause and effect: they indicate a continuity produced by the previous proposition, explaining or complementing it.
  • Of similarity or emphasis: the connection is used to explain that the following proposition is similar in its content to the previous one and that it complements it by emphasizing something previously expressed.
  • Contrast and concession: they warn that something is granted if a condition is fulfilled that adds or discards something to the first proposition.
  • Aggregation: they express that other particularities about the first proposition will be added or explained.
  • Spatial relationship: they explain where the actions exposed in the propositions are located spatially.
  • Of exemplification: they are those that indicate an explanation by means of examples.
  • In conclusion: they imply that it is the last proposition or that the writing ended.

How are the connectors used?

Their use depends largely on the context in which they are being written, in order to insert it when necessary, they must be used efficiently, trying not to repeat them. Here is a list of the connectors that you can use as required by the text:

Connectors to start a new topic

  • In relation to, as regards …
  • About, on the other hand.
  • With respect to, in another order of ideas.
  • As for, the point is about.
  • Another point is, as regards.
  • Concerning, Concerning.
  • As for, about.

Connectors to introduce the subject of the writing

  • We are writing to you to …
  • The main objective is.
  • This text is about.
  • We propose to expose.

Connectors to continue on the same point

  • Then similar happens with.
  • The same can be said of, it should be noted.
  • Even, it should be added, it is more.
  • So, likewise, after.
  • Then also.

Connectors to mark or indicate an order

  • Finally, in the end, also.
  • Later, then to begin.
  • First of all, first of all, from the outset.
  • Finally, first, last.
  • First second.
  • First, last.

Connectors to exemplify or detail

  • As, I put by case, as a sample.
  • As an example, namely, in the case of.
  • In particular, for example, eg.

Connectors for emphasis or demonstration

  • So much so that, without a doubt, the truth is that.
  • The truth is that, indeed, this is.
  • In other words, we must take into account, we must point out.
  • It should be noted, the central idea is, the most important thing is.
  • We must note, it is worth emphasizing.
  • It is worth saying, as has been said, that is.
  • In other words, in other words.

Connectors to end

  • In short, so, finally.
  • To finish, to conclude, in conclusion.

Connectors to summarize

  • Succinctly, collecting the most important.
  • Altogether, in a nutshell, briefly.
  • Recapping, summarizing, in summary.

Connectors to indicate space

  • Inside / outside.
  • In and out.
  • To the center / sides.
  • Face / back.
  • Near far.
  • In the center, in the middle.
  • Left right up down.
  • More up / down.
  • Front / back.
  • Over Under.

Connectors to indicate time

  • Then, then, later.
  • Later, later, then.
  • At the same moment, yes simultaneously.
  • At the same time, shortly before, previously.
  • Right now, before.

Connectors to indicate opinion

  • In the opinion of the majority / of many.
  • According to my point of view.
  • In the opinion of many / experts.
  • In my opinion / way of seeing / appearing / understanding.
  • In my judgement.

Connector Examples

Next, we present a series of examples in which you can easily see how to use some connectors according to their function:

Connectors to indicate the cause of a certain situation

  • The plant withered since they did not water it.
  • I like school because I share with my classmates and my teachers.
  • Nature is in danger because man does not take care of it.

Connectors to indicate the consequence of a certain situation

  • You’ve done your chores so you can watch TV.
  • Few panda bears remain, therefore we must protect them.
  • My head hurts, that’s why I prefer to stay asleep.

Connectors to join two similar elements

  • Teresa didn’t go to rehearsal today. Either.
  • Luis’s favorite desserts are the strawberry tart and the lemon pie.
  • He is so sad that it does not cause him to eat or go out to play.
  • Mateo, Cristofer and Ignacio are classmates.

Connectors to indicate a relationship of distinction or choice between two elements

  • His father told him that he had to behave well or forget the doll he kept for him.
  • Adriana is undecided. He does not know whether to buy the wallet or the shoes.

Connector Conclusion

The connectors are what allow us to give cohesion, coherence, fluidity, elegance and even seriousness to our texts. The proper use of these depends to a large extent on the understanding that the receiver may have of it, since they allow clarifying possible doubts, as well as the fact of promoting interest in the subject. All words, sentences and paragraphs must be related to each other by the connectors, thus demonstrating that the use of them is inescapable.

Samantha Robson
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Dr. Samantha Robson ( CRN: 0510146-5) is a nutritionist and website content reviewer related to her area of ​​expertise. With a postgraduate degree in Nutrition from The University of Arizona, she is a specialist in Sports Nutrition from Oxford University and is also a member of the International Society of Sports Nutrition.

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