Many people tend to take cocaine and coca leaves as if they were the same, and in reality, although they belong to the same plant, they are different things. Let’s start by clarifying that it is in the coca leaves where we find cocaine, this being the active principle of this plant grown in South America. This, after going through long processes, results in a white powder and odorless, which is the form of presentation in which we commonly know cocaine. This as a brief overview, but if you want to know a little about this drug, of which much is known today, because many people have used it negatively as a drug to induce certain effects on the nervous system, We invite you to continue reading our post today in which we are going to tell you what is cocaine for, what are its main effects in the short and long term,  among other relevant information.

Short-term effects of cocaine

If we make the difference that there are effects that this drug causes in the body in the short term, it is because this is also a drug that can trigger long-term effects, which means that after consumption, there are sequelae that will last over time.

Now let’s start talking about what happens after the consumption of cocaine, that is to say in the immediate moment in which it is consumed, as well as in the following hours. The best way to describe what the effect is is by posing it as a trip of great intensity but of low duration, which after this appears a wave of negative and undesirable effects, such as depressive states, tension and nervous anxiety, which occur due to the need to consume more cocaine.

People who have a frequent use of cocaine, generally do not tend to have good eating patterns, because they do it in an inappropriate way, as well as they have sleep problems, which is the same as saying that they do not sleep well. Another change can be perceived at the level of the heart rate, because many tend to begin to have an increase in it, accompanied by spasms in the muscle groups as well as seizures. In turn, this is a drug that, by directly affecting the central nervous system, can trigger a whole series of reactions, including changes in emotional or mood states, including paranoia, hostility, anxiety and anger, both at the time of consumption and after it.

It is important to know that regardless of the amount of drug that is consumed or the frequency with which it is consumed, cocaine is a drug that increases the risk of suffering a heart attack, respiratory failure or stroke, all of these conditions that could cause an unexpected death.

In addition, as more specific and graphic effects, we must mention that it can decrease appetite, increase blood pressure and body temperature. In this line it can cause the blood vessels to narrow, the pupils to dilate and increase the respiratory rate. Needless to say, it can cause strange behaviors to appear in people, which is called erratic behavior, and even acts of violence. This is often accompanied by hallucinations, which are often tactile, which gives the sensation that there are insects or things that are running through your skin and are under it, causing a strange sensation. We also mention intense euphoria, hyperstimulation, and hyperexcitability.

Long-Term Effects of Cocaine

What we just mentioned about the short-term effects, it should be noted that there are both the “expected” effects, that is, those for which many decide to take this drug, as well as the adverse ones. But they are not everything, because it is still worth mentioning what the long-term effects are. For this we are going to refer to an expression that has been used for several years to refer to all the effects caused by cocaine consumption, all of which are considered negative and unwanted, that is why we speak of a demonic drug.

Cocaine is a drug that causes tolerance, which means that in order to achieve the same effects that were sought to be achieved at first with a low dose, now it will be necessary to increase the amount to find that intensity that at first was obtained without taking large amount. This causes more and more drugs to be taken, increasing not only the amount but also the frequency. In this sense, when you start taking this drug on a daily basis, this causes loss of appetite – and this explains why many addicts are extremely thin – and also loss of sleep. But we are also talking about a drug that can trigger a psychosis in people, where the appearance of hallucinatory phenomena occurs.

It is a drug that affects the way the brain processes chemical substances, which means that later in order for the person to feel normal, so to speak, they need more and more drugs, because in the absence of it A whole series of symptoms associated with the withdrawal syndrome will appear. This continuous need to consume cocaine makes addicts to it begin to have problems at the bond level, because without interest only goes through those things that are related to consumption, which hinders relationships and working life.

When for some reason the use of the drug is suspended, the person can fall directly into a severe depression, which can cause the person to be capable of anything to consume it. And if you cannot get to the drug or consume it, the consequence can be a depression so deep that it could lead to suicide.

Organically, cocaine use can have long-term effects, including irreversible damage to the brain, heart, blood vessels, liver, kidneys, and lungs. As cocaine is inhaled it can cause destruction in the nasal tissues and if it is smoked, respiratory failure. Another method has to do with the injection, and in these cases it could cause the appearance of diseases infections. It can also cause sexual problems and irreversible damage to the reproductive organs, which can trigger fertility problems in both men and women.

As we mentioned before, changes in mood, with strong fluctuations in mood between irritability, nervous tension and anxiety. Disorientation, confusion, exhaustion, and apathy are also consequences of cocaine use. Something easily noticeable in people who use cocaine is tooth decay, which can cause them to fall out. Delirium, psychosis and severe depression, with the appearance of auditory and tactile hallucinations, are one of the most serious effects.

Finally, tolerance is one of the predominant and serious consequences of cocaine use, which can lead to strong addiction, even in people who only used it once.

Samantha Robson
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Dr. Samantha Robson ( CRN: 0510146-5) is a nutritionist and website content reviewer related to her area of ​​expertise. With a postgraduate degree in Nutrition from The University of Arizona, she is a specialist in Sports Nutrition from Oxford University and is also a member of the International Society of Sports Nutrition.

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