The arguments are the arguments that are used to test and prove that it is true what is meant also to convince someone else of what we want to affirm or deny. To be convincing, it must be solid, coherent, consistent and without contradictions so that the objective is met and it does not lose credibility.

They are expressions of reasoning that can be oral or written. They manage to justify some reasonable management in order to persuade a subject to promote a certain action or also transmit content with true meaning and thus be able to promote proper understanding.

What is the function of the arguments?

It contains several very useful functions, the most notable of which are used to:

  • Present an idea with the intention of being able to convince.
  • Use reasoning to try to prove or justify a proposition for a specific purpose.
  • To deduce something in consequence of another.
  • Try to prove or clearly understand what you want to express.
  • Get through this means, a grounded linguistic understanding of a certain group, to achieve an adequate consensus in accordance with the regulations and the subjunctive trust of each group.
  • To practice linguistics under various regulations, which occur during the communicative context.

Features that benefit arguments

These constitute a series of reasons and characteristics to convince the recipients of the convenience of a conclusion, which is obtained from a set of premises by means of various inductive processes of a logical order that serve for subsequent arguments. Among those features are:

The components of an argument

During this process the following components stand out:

  • Thesis : it is the main conclusion that will be in favor against what is going to be debated.
  • Premises : they are the propositions that allow the thesis to be addressed with a logical perspective.
  • Argument : it is the connection that exists between the thesis and the premises.
  • Debate : it is the orderly opposition of the arguments that are given by the participants, where the positions that are involved are defended or attacked. Here comparisons and hypotheses are highlighted among others.
  • Conclusion : it is the thesis that is obtained after the premises, the initial thesis.

The debate

It requires the intervention of several participants where they will defend or attack a series of proposals. Within this confrontation, the reasons will be validated and it will be confirmed that they are convincing regardless of where it comes from. At the end, an agreement and a conclusion must be reached on the subject that has been debated.

Plot flaws

These weaknesses can occur if the arguments are not true, credible and if they can be easily refuted. Whatever the case, the debate must be about proving the opposite faults and defending your own.

The context

The context refers to everything that surrounds a situation, both physical and symbolic. Its analysis is essential to be able to understand or make a correct interpretation.

It can be defined as those elements, such as place or time, that make the message easier to understand.


It is important to know that there are 3 types of speeches:

  • The demonstration: part of the premises with the idea of ​​seeking an adequate conclusion, where educational mechanisms are conditioned and thus achieve objectivity.
  • The argumentation: this addresses the thesis starting from the causes and consequences, using an appropriate language.
  • The description: it is used as an intermediate component to demonstrate and argue the problem of the debate.

The property

It is one of the conditions that implies knowledge of the characteristics that the recipient must know:

  • That the adversary does not agree with the argument, but there is the possibility of doing so.
  • That neither has the knowledge or the will to debate and be convinced.


The condition may arise that the adversary does not have the conviction of the exposed argumentative legitimacy, therefore, mechanisms such as:

  • The appointment: when you go to the word of another with the intention of validating your own reasoning.
  • Concrete examples: with these, reasoning validations can be checked.

The negotiation

It is another term that can be given to the debate when a third position must be given participation so as not to impose on one of the opposing parties. Your job is to reach a conciliation and thus find a conclusion and a joint agreement.

Classification of arguments

These can be classified as follows:

Arguments from authority

He is the one who can support his reasons, according to the prestige of a person who has a lot of prestige and is considered an authority on the matter, therefore his word is highly valid and is used regardless of other reasons that may support it.

Logical arguments

It is what he calls a set of premises to reach a conclusion, which would be the logical consequence of said premises, this will allow a solid, convincing, effective, valid and persuasive conclusion.

Educational Arguments

It contains a logical structure, from which a totally true conclusion can be obtained as a result. Generally part of a general reasoning and ends in a particular one.

Inductive Arguments

It is one where the premises do not need to be true and in the same way lead to a valid conclusion. Unlike educational reasoning, it is not necessary to reach an agreement that is valid and does not generalize the conclusion obtained from the premises, therefore, it can be said that it goes from the particular to the general.

Arguments according to their content

According to their content, they are classified into:

  1. Data-driven arguments

Your information is provided with concrete and specific bases, mostly they are extracted from different scientific investigations or databases.

  1. Value-based arguments

They are those that are based on highlighting ethical values. They are very useful when you want to deal with issues based on philosophy and morals. They help in the induction of what should be done and the actions that should be a priority.

  1. Arguments based on descriptions

A general description is the way to gather several pieces of information in a single topic, in order to defend an idea.

  1. Definition-based arguments

They are made up of the use that comes from the concepts and definitions, despite that, they are often not effective, since the meaning of the words can vary depending on the moment and the context in which they were used.

  1. Arguments based on experiments

In this case, it is based on an experience that takes place at the time and in the place where the dialogue is held, therefore, it serves to support the idea that is being defended. It is very useful to convince, because it not only relies on words, but also on deeds.

According to the way they are used

They can be classified according to their mode of use in:

  1. Comparison

Here you can make comparisons between two ideas with each other and thus show which is better than the other. They are totally ideal for providing global values ​​on story lines.

  1. Of interpellation

In these, various questions are asked to the interlocutor in order to demonstrate in real time, up to what level is wrong on a certain topic. This exercise is reminiscent of the Socratic dialogue, because it can lead the opponent to fall into a trap that is within his own speech, which can lead to various contradictions.

Elements to have a good argument when writing

A good argument is consistent, clear, and easy to understand. Doing it solidly turns out to have a correct analysis on a specific topic. Therefore, it can be confirmed that learning from your process can help organize ideas to make it understandable and convincing to other people.

Then we will mention the most important elements, to achieve good results:

The argument must be rational and logical

As we well know, this is the result of a systematic reasoning process where reasons have to be presented that can justify what the issuer wishes to express. It is necessary that what you communicate has coherence and a lot of order.

The argument must have its own style

After explaining the reasons, continue with the way in which you want to transmit your own thought to the receiver. The style is based on the personal way that is given to the ideas that you want to express.

The argument must contain a clear and precise wording

Clarity is essential in a writing and the expression must be unambiguous in the thoughts of the author.

The argument must be objective

The personal touch will always be noticeable in any writing, therefore, it is necessary for the writer to be able to adequately describe the various objective characteristics of the subject on which he is going to focus, to provide concrete data on the problems, the causes, and the possible solutions. .

The argument must have references

To give it seriousness, it is necessary to use references from recognized authors, since the subjective aspect is very important and the contribution of data that can be verified, give it more strength and conviction.

Conclusion of the arguments

To conclude, we can say that an argument has to have consistency and coherence, without providing any kind of contradiction. It is the only way to achieve the fulfillment of its objectives, otherwise it could only be rejected by the receiver.

This can be distinguished from an opinion, since the latter does not need to have any type of support with correct reasons or information, while arguments do. We hope that this information will provide you a lot of utility and will broaden your knowledge. success!

Samantha Robson
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Dr. Samantha Robson ( CRN: 0510146-5) is a nutritionist and website content reviewer related to her area of ​​expertise. With a postgraduate degree in Nutrition from The University of Arizona, she is a specialist in Sports Nutrition from Oxford University and is also a member of the International Society of Sports Nutrition.

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