Ampicillin is a broad-spectrum antibiotic used clinically to fight infections caused by bacterial agents such as bronchitis, pneumonia, lung, ear, urinary tract and skin infections.

There is a wide variety of diseases and infections that can afflict people, so medical remedies are essential to relieve pain and be able to treat these problems from the root of the problem, such is the case of ampicillin, which is one of the antibiotics. more implemented to deal with various problems that will be mentioned later.

What is it for and what are the benefits of ampicillin

Ampicillin allows fighting a series of bacteria that cause infections and complications in the organism of beings and many of the uses are mentioned below:

Neonatal infections

Babies are susceptible to changes when they are inside the mother, that is why it is very common for mothers to suffer from some type of infection that can affect children, so it is important to treat this situation in time to avoid complications during and after birth.

Skin infections

The skin is an element that protects the body from bacteria and germs found outside, although sometimes it tends to become infected and suffer from various agents such as shingles, warts, cellulite, fungi and many others that must be treated. time to nip the refusal from the roots and therefore ampicillin is a very good factor to achieve the task.

Gastrointestinal infections

This medicine allows to treat in a good way and root infections such as salmonella, Shigella, Typhosa. E. coli, P. mirabilis and enterococci that if not attacked in time can generate more serious complications that can end the life of the person.

Respiratory infections

Such is the case of staphylococci, streptococci and pneumococci capable of causing pneumonia and bronchitis that little by little deteriorate the overall health of patients. On the other hand, it is important to mention that it attacks pharyngitis, sinusitis and otitis media that is generated in the upper respiratory tract.

Bacterial meningitis

Ampicillin is presented as a very effective treatment to combat this disease, since it very efficiently attacks all the pathogens that cause it from the root. It is commonly implemented by means of injections directly into the blood conduit for greater effectiveness and speed of results.

What is ampicillin used for with clavulanic acid?

The first thing to understand is what is clavulanic acid? In order to understand the benefits of the mixture between the two, it is important to mention that this compound is a substance that helps to break down the barrier or resistance to penicillin. In this way, it can be said that the mixture of ampicillin with clavulanic acid serves to increase the effectiveness and speed of action to eliminate root infections.

Clavulanic acid can also bring side effects or increase the possibility of them produced by the antibiotic as such and among them are dizziness, vomiting, hives and allergies to the components.

Recommended doses of ampicillin

The doses in tablets are established by the age of the patient, but may change according to the severity of the problem to be treated, however, there are injections that the doctor in charge of the case will have the task of applying depending on the severity of the case presented.


From an early age where the little ones have the ability to ingest pills, up to the age of 14 the little ones can ingest an approximate amount of 100 mg if their weight is less than 20mg and 200 mg to just under 500mg if they are children with more of the 20kg established, during an interval of 6 hours in each feeding for a week.

To treat respiratory tract infections, it is essential that the dose given is 50mg per day for approximately 6-hour intervals for children over 20 kg, if the weight is lower, the doses will be smaller and should be reviewed by part of the doctor.


Adults can consume a greater amount of this component, so a dose of 500mg four times a day every 6 hours would be a very viable option. It should be noted that 500mg ampicillin is potentially positive when it comes to attacking genitourinary infections , gastrointestinal tract and gonorrhea in male patients.

Contradictions of ampicillin

This medicine should not be combined with other pills or compounds since they can generate contradictory effects to those expected, unless the doctor prescribes it, such is the case of products to stop diarrhea. In the case of contraceptive pills, the elements that make up the medicine may be counteracted and do not take effect while ampicillin is being applied.

In the case of diabetes patients, there should be a stricter regulatory control, since the effect of ampicillin can generate false results when blood and sugar tests are carried out, so diets and doses of other medications to treat this Anomaly should not be modified without a more exact corroboration of the actual values.

Side effects of ampicillin

There are few side effects that can occur with the application of this medication, but despite this, the following can be mentioned, which are still equally important:

  • Gastrointestinal: These are mainly produced by ingestion or oral application and glossitis, stomatitis, pseudomembranous enterocolitis, diarrhea and vomiting can occur.
  • Skin: Such as urticaria, pruritus, erythema multiforme, exfoliative dermatitis and rashes that appear shortly after starting treatment and if not controlled in time can cover almost the entire body, generating severe pain and discomfort in the patients.
  • Liver: slight increase in serum glutamic-oxalacetic transaminase.
  • Others: If previous checks are not carried out on the patient’s body, it can generate an allergy to the compound, asthma, fever and thrombophlebitis.


Ampicillin is a very powerful antibiotic to treat various ailments, however sometimes it can present itself as a negative element for the body if the corresponding previous tests are not carried out, therefore the important prior visit to the doctor, to clarify the pros and cons, as well such as the recommended doses and the most appropriate way to apply the treatment.

In the presence of some type of side effect, the most appropriate thing is to immediately stop the consumption of tablets and an immediate check-up.

Samantha Robson
 | Website

Dr. Samantha Robson ( CRN: 0510146-5) is a nutritionist and website content reviewer related to her area of ​​expertise. With a postgraduate degree in Nutrition from The University of Arizona, she is a specialist in Sports Nutrition from Oxford University and is also a member of the International Society of Sports Nutrition.

Similar Posts

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *